Bhamati, Bhāmatī: 8 definitions


Bhamati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Bhāmatī and Vivaraṇa Schools of Advaita Vedānta

The Bhāmatī, as it is well known, is the name of the Commentary written by Vācaspati Miśra on the Brahmasūtra-Śāṅkara-bhāṣya, while the Pañcapādikā-Vivaraṇa, also known as the Vivaraṇa, is the Commentary written by Prakāśātman on the Pañcapādikā which itself is another Commentary on the Brahmasūtra-Śāṅkara-bhāṣya written by Padmapāda, a close disciple of Śaṅkara.

The Bhāmatī and the Vivaraṇa assumed so much importance in the realm of Advaita Vedānta that the very trend of Advaita philosophy was given a new direction with their advent. So influential were they that each one came to be known eventually as an independent school of thought. Hence the appellations Bhāmatī-Prasthāna and Vivaraṇa-Prasthāna by which they are respectively known today in philosophical circles.

Source: Hindupedia: Later Advaitins

Bhāmatī of Vācaspati Miśra is an exposition of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasūtra Bhāṣya. Tradition holds that he was so engrossed in his scholarly endeavours that he paid no attention to his household responsibilities. Throughout this period his wife, Bhāmatī, served him dutifully without making any demands on his time. In recognition of her silent contribution, he named his magnum opus after her. The Bhāmatī has been an influential text with many sub-commentaries having appeared over the centuries. Together with its sub-commentaries, the Bhāmatī forms a distinct intellectual current within Advaita-Vedanta, known as the Bhāmatī school.

His well known works are:

  • Bhāmatī: A commentary on Adi Shankaracharya's Brahmasūtra Bhāṣya (Advaita-Vedanta)
  • Tattvakaumudi: A commentary on the Sāṃkhya-kārikā-s of Īśvara Kṛṣṇa
  • Tattvavaiśāradi: A commentary of the Yogasūtra-s (of Patañjali) and the Yogasūtra Bhāṣya of Vyāsa.
  • Nyāyasūcīnibandha: A treatise on Nyāya.
  • Nyāyavārttika-tātparya-tīkā: An explanatory treatise on the Nyāyavārttika of Uddyotakara.
  • Nyāyakaṇikā: A commentary on Maṇḍana Miśra's Vidhiviveka (Mīmāṃsā)
  • Tattvabindu: A treatise on grammar and language.
Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Bhamati is a subschool of Advaita Vedanta. It's name is derived from Vachaspati Misra's commentary on Adi Shankara's Brahmasutra Bhashya.

Origins: According to Mithila folklore, Bhāmatī was the wife of Vachaspati Mishra. While Vachaspati Mishra was writing his commentary, his wife Bhāmatī served him without any expectations for years. He was so busy that he had forgotten that he had a wife. After completing his work when he finished writing, he asked Bhamti, "Who are you?" She replied, "I am your wife". Vachaspati Mishra was shocked by his own neglect of his wife, that he named his commentary after her.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhamāti.—(EI 7), corruption of brahma-hatyā. Note: bhamāti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bhamatī.—(HA), same as jagatī (q. v.). Note: bhamatī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhamati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhamati : (bham + a) revolves; whirls about; roams.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhāmatī (भामती) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—or shortened vibhāga a
—[commentary] on Śaṅkarācārya’s Śārīrakamīmāṃsābhāṣya, written under a king Nṛga by Vācaspatimiśra. Io. 288. 442. 2084. W. p. 177. Paris. (D 62). Hall. p. 87. B. 4, 76. Ben. 75. 76. 80. Bik. 562. Rādh. 7. Oudh. V, 22. Np. I, 72. Burnell. 86^b. Poona. 56. H. 240. Oppert. 826. 1566. 1601. 1602. 3208. 3353. 3478. 3543. 4248. 4346. 4715. 4789. 4886. 5361. 5390. 6097. 6661. Ii, 6353. 8375. Rice. 162. 170. 178. Quoted in Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha Oxf. 247^a by Madhusūdana Oxf. 226^b.
—[commentary] Bhāmatītilaka. Oppert. Ii, 4792.
—[commentary] Bhāmatīvilāsa. Rādh. 6.
—[commentary] Vedāntakalpataru or Vācaspatikalpataru by Amalānanda. Io. 1002. 1003. Hall. p. 87. K. 130. B. 4, 74. 94. Ben. 69. 79. Tu7b. 18 (and—[commentary]). Rādh. 7. Oudh. Xiii, 30. 32. Burnell. 87^a. P. 13. Poona. 55. Oppert. 823. 2030. 3113. 3523. 3767. 3860. 4202. 4281. 4469. 4779. 5249. Ii, 1517. 3045. 3912. 4274. 4356. 4509. 5378. 6225. 6537. 7516. 7865. 8627. 8724. 8829. 9142. 9241. 9287. 9385. 9454. 9565. 9779. 9909. 10301. Rice. 138. 170. 174. Quoted by Madanapāla Oxf. 277^a, and Raghunandana.
—[sub-commentary] Ābhoga q. v.
—[sub-commentary] Vedāntakalpataruparimala by Appayya Dīkṣita. Io. 210. 265. 266. 863. Hall. p. 88. L. 1413. 1766. K. 140. Ben. 70. 78. Np. I, 70. V, 168. Lahore. 18. Oppert. 824. 1411. 1578. 1900. 3164. 3534. 3813. 4323. 4783. 5273. Ii, 155. 1260. 1529. 2951. 3058. 3925. 4320. 4510. 5391. 6330. 6543. 7148. 7886. 8659. 8892. 9169. 9253. 9309. 9403. 9476. 9784. 10322. Rice. 138. 154.
—[commentary] Vedāntakalpatarumañjarī by Bhaṭṭa Vaidyanātha. Io. 373. K. 130 (Vedāntakalpadrumamañjarī). Oudh. Xi, 16.
—[commentary] by Śrīraṅganātha. Rice. 170.

Bhāmatī has the following synonyms: Śārīrakabhāṣyavibhāga.

2) Bhāmatī (भामती):—a
—[commentary] on Śaṅkarācārya’s Śārīrakamīmāṃsābhāṣya, by Vācaspatimiśra. Bl. 182 (adhy. 2). 183 (adhy. 3). Gov. 59. 94. Hz. 135. 231. Io. 289 (adhy. 1). 442. 740 (adhy. 1). 1100. 1188. 1338. 1879. 2084 (adhy. 3). Oudh. Xx, 16. Rgb. 625 ([fragmentary]). 626 ([fragmentary]). Stein 123 (adhy. 1-3).
—[commentary] Vedāntakalpataru by Amalānanda. Cu. add. 910. Hz. 210. Io. 740 (adhy. 1). 1002. 1003. 1879. 2665 (adhy. 2). Rgb. 634. Stein 123 ([fragmentary]).
—[sub-commentary] Vedāntakalpataruparimala by Appaya Dīkṣita. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 89. Hz. 210. Io. 210. 265. 266. 863. 1594. L. 4100. Oudh. Xx, 232.
—[commentary] Ābhoga, by Lakṣmīnṛsiṃha, son of Koṇḍabhaṭṭa. Hz. 502.

3) Bhāmatī (भामती):—a
—[commentary] on Śaṅkarācārya’s Śārīrakasūtrabhāṣya, by Vācaspatimiśra. Ulwar 464.
—[commentary] Vedāntakalpataru by Amalānanda. Ulwar 565.
—[sub-commentary] Vedāntakalpataruparimala by Appayya Dīkṣita. Ulwar 566.

4) Bhāmatī (भामती):—a C. on Śaṅkarācarārya’s Śārīrakamīmāṃsābhāṣya, by Vācaspatimiśra. As p. 124 (3 Mss.). Cs 3, 84 (inc.). 87 (inc.). 174 (1). Hz. 859 (1. 2). 910. 1049. 1347. 1493. C. Vedāntakalpataru by Amalānanda. As p. 181 (inc.). Cs 3, 85. 86 (both inc.). 174 (1). Hz. 917. 1215 (Ms. of 1603). 1298. Cc. Vedāntakalpataruparimala by Appayya Dīkṣita. As p. 181 (4 Mss. One of these inc., and another contains 2 and 3). Cs 3, 53 (4). 54 (1 and 2, 2). 55-57 (all three [fragmentary]). Hz. 864. 1310. C. Vedāntakalpatarumañjarī by Vaidyanātha, son of Rāmacandra Tatsat. Tb. 81 (inc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāmatī (भामती):—[=bhā-matī] f. ([from] bhā-mat) Name of a [commentator or commentary] by Vācaspati-miśra on Śaṃkarācārya’s [commentator or commentary] on the Brahma-sūtras (also tī-nibandha)

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhamati in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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