Maurya; 4 Definition(s)
Maurya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Maurya (मौर्य).—(Maurvyas, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) succeeded the Nandas. The Purāṇa speaks of ten kings ruling for 137 (173 Viṣṇu-purāṇa) years. Only nine kings are mentioned from Candragupta to Bṛhadratha; were succeeded by the Śungas.1 m.p. mentions Śatadhanva, Bṛhadratha, Śaka and his grandson Daśaratha and his son; the first four are missing.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 12 and 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 149; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 336; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 27, 32-3.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 272. 22, 26.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Maurya (मौर्य) is the father of Mauryaputra: the seventh of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Mauryaputra) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Maurya Dynasty:—After the decline of the Indus Valley civilization, the first historical period from which sculptural evidences are available is the Mauryan Age (3rd century BC). Asoka became the supreme ruler of vast territories, and his empire extended to the limits of the Chola kingdom in the South and practically covered the whole of India. Asoka (c. 273-236 BC) encouraged and popularized the arts and utilized them to spread the message of Buddha. The Sungas (187-75 BC) and Satavahanas succeeded the Mauryas in the North and the South respectively in about 200 BC.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Maurya (मौर्य).—[mura-ṇya] Name of a dynasty of kings beginning with Chandragupta; मौर्ये नवे राजनि (maurye nave rājani) Mu.4.15; मौर्यौर्हिरण्या- र्थिभिरर्चाः प्रकल्पिताः (mauryaurhiraṇyā- rthibhirarcāḥ prakalpitāḥ) Mbh.; (there is a difference of opinion among scholars as to the meaning of the word maurya in this passage).
Derivable forms: mauryaḥ (मौर्यः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 16 books and stories containing Maurya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Part 5 - More Data of India’s Cultural History in the Nāṭyaśāstra < [Introduction, Part 2]
The Mahavamsa (by Wilhelm Geiger)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Conversion of the Gautamas and other Brāhmans < [Chapter V - Mahāvīra’s omniscience and the originating of the fourfold congregation]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Notes on the entering of another’s body < [Notes]
Chapter XV < [Book III - Lāvānaka]
Appendix 2.3 - Poison-Damsels < [Appendices]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)