Maurya; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Maurya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Maurya in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Maurya (मौर्य).—(Maurvyas, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) succeeded the Nandas. The Purāṇa speaks of ten kings ruling for 137 (173 Viṣṇu-purāṇa) years. Only nine kings are mentioned from Candragupta to Bṛhadratha; were succeeded by the Śungas.1 m.p. mentions Śatadhanva, Bṛhadratha, Śaka and his grandson Daśaratha and his son; the first four are missing.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 12 and 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 149; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 336; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 27, 32-3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 272. 22, 26.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Maurya (मौर्य) is the father of Mauryaputra: the seventh of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Mauryaputra) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maurya (मौर्य).—[mura-ṇya] Name of a dynasty of kings beginning with Chandragupta; मौर्ये नवे राजनि (maurye nave rājani) Mu.4.15; मौर्यौर्हिरण्या- र्थिभिरर्चाः प्रकल्पिताः (mauryaurhiraṇyā- rthibhirarcāḥ prakalpitāḥ) Mbh.; (there is a difference of opinion among scholars as to the meaning of the word maurya in this passage).

Derivable forms: mauryaḥ (मौर्यः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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