Vidhana, Vidhāna: 17 definitions


Vidhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vidhāna (विधान).—A Sukhā god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 19.

1b) A Sādhya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 44.

1c) A mukhya gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vidhāna (विधान, “conflict of feeling”) refers to the ‘conflict’ of joyful and sorrowful sentiments . Vidhāna represents one of the twelve mukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Mukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the opening part (mukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Natya Shastra

Vidhāna (विधान).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘introduction segment’ (mukhasandhi);—(Description:) Joys and sorrows occurring in a situation, is called conflict of Feelings (vidhāna).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Vidhāna (विधान) refers to “contents” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vidhāna (विधान).—(I) prescription, statement; cf. लोपे हि (lope hi) (प्रत्ययलक्षण- (pratyayalakṣaṇa-)) विधानम् (vidhānam) P.I. I. 62 Vart. 3; cf. also तत्र वृद्धिविधानम् (tatra vṛddhividhānam). P. VI. 1.85 Vart. 16; (2) instrument or cause of an activity; cf. विधिवि-धानावधिभाजां त्रयाणां संनिधाने तदन्तविधि-र्भवति (vidhivi-dhānāvadhibhājāṃ trayāṇāṃ saṃnidhāne tadantavidhi-rbhavati) Siradeva Pari. 13.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Vidhāna (विधान, “variety”).—What is meant by ‘variety / division’ (vidhāna)? Divisions of an entity are called vidhāna. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.7, “(Knowledge of the seven categories is attained) by definition, ownership, cause, location /resting place (substratum), duration and varieties/division”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vidhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vidhāna : (nt.) arrangement; command; performance; process.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vidhāna, (nt.) (fr. vi+dhā; Vedic vidhāna) 1. arrangement, get up, performance, process J. III, 178 (attano vidhānena “in his robes of office”); Vism. 66 sq.; DhsA. 168=Vism. 122 (bhāvanā°); VbhA. 69, 71 (manasikāra°); ThA. 273 (id.).—2. ceremony, rite J. VI, 202 (yañña°); Miln. 3.—3. assignment, disposition, provision J. II, 208 (vidhi-vidhāna-ññū; C. explained v. as “koṭṭhāso vā saṃvidahanaṃ vā”); PvA. 30.—4. succession (as much as “supplement”) KhA 216; SnA 23 (note 2).—Cp. saṃvidahana & saṃvidhāna. (Page 622)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidhāna (विधान).—n S Placing, attaching, fixing; committing or delivering to, unto, at, in. 2 Predicating, affirming or denying of a subject. Ex. hā ghaṭa laghu āhē, ēthēṃ ghaṭātēṃ uddēśūna laghutvācēṃ vi0 āhē. 3 Appointing, establishing, ordaining, prescribing, enjoining. 4 A rule, canon, or precept; an ordinance, appointment, injunction; a rite, observance, or religious act instituted or commanded. 5 Applying or setting (to, at, or upon a business or work). 6 A rule, law, prescription of or for; as pūjāvidhāna, hōma- vidhāna, vratavidhāna. 7 In grammar. Putting as an affix or a prefix, affixing, prefixing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vidhāna (विधान).—n Placing. Predicating. Making an assertion. An assertion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidhana (विधन).—a. Poor.

-tā Poverty.

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Vidhāna (विधान).—1 Arranging, disposing; अपरं किं तु कृत्वैवं विधानं संविधास्यति (aparaṃ kiṃ tu kṛtvaivaṃ vidhānaṃ saṃvidhāsyati) Rām.7.2.31.

2) Performing, making, doing, executing; नेपथ्यविधानम् (nepathyavidhānam) Ś.1; आज्ञा°, यज्ञ° (ājñā°, yajña°) &c.; एवं कृत्वा विधानं स संनिवेश्य वसुं तदा (evaṃ kṛtvā vidhānaṃ sa saṃniveśya vasuṃ tadā) Rām.7.54.13.

3) Creation, creating; तस्मिन् विधानातिशये विधातुः कन्यामये नेत्र- शतैकलक्ष्ये (tasmin vidhānātiśaye vidhātuḥ kanyāmaye netra- śataikalakṣye) R.6.11;7.14; Ku.7.66; निधानं धर्माणां किमपि च विधानं नवमुदाम् (nidhānaṃ dharmāṇāṃ kimapi ca vidhānaṃ navamudām) G. L.18.

4) Employment, use, application; प्रतिकारविधानम् (pratikāravidhānam) R.8.4.

5) Prescribing, enjoining, ordering.

6) A rule, precept, ordinance, sacred rule or precept, sacred injunction; तन्न्याय- त्वाद् विधानस्य (tannyāya- tvād vidhānasya) MS.1.3.16 (cf. vidhīyate aneneti vidhānaṃ śabdaḥ SB. on ibid.); Ms.9.148; ज्ञात्वा शास्त्रविधानोक्तं कर्म कर्तुमिहार्हसि (jñātvā śāstravidhānoktaṃ karma kartumihārhasi) Bg.16.24;17.24.

7) Mode, manner.

8) A means or expedient; वस्त्रैश्च सर्वैः सहितैर्विधानै- र्नेयं वृता ते वरसंप्रदाने (vastraiśca sarvaiḥ sahitairvidhānai- rneyaṃ vṛtā te varasaṃpradāne) Rām.2.37.36.

9) Performance of prescribed acts or rites.

1) A rite, ceremony.

11) Gaining, obtaining.

12) Affixing, prefixing (as terminations, suffixes &c.).

13) The food given to elephants (to make them intoxicated); विधानसंपादितदान- शोभितैः (vidhānasaṃpāditadāna- śobhitaiḥ) (where vidhāna means 'rule' also); उत्क्षिप्तहस्ततल- दत्तविधानपिण्डस्नेहस्रुतिस्नपितबाहुरिभाधिराजम् (utkṣiptahastatala- dattavidhānapiṇḍasnehasrutisnapitabāhuribhādhirājam) Śi.5.51.

14) Wealth.

15) Pain, agony, torment, distress.

16) An act of hostility.

17) An act, doing; आशङ्कमानो नृपते- र्विधानम् (āśaṅkamāno nṛpate- rvidhānam) Mb.3.113.15.

18) An effort, attempt (yatna); तथा विधानं क्रियतां समर्थाः साधनेष्विति (tathā vidhānaṃ kriyatāṃ samarthāḥ sādhaneṣviti) Rām.1.8.19.

19) Remedy (cikitsā); तेषामन्यतमोद्रेके विधानमुपदिश्यते (teṣāmanyatamodreke vidhānamupadiśyate) Mb.12. 16.12.

2) Prevention (pratikāra); विधानं तत्र भगवन् कर्तुमर्हसि युक्तितः (vidhānaṃ tatra bhagavan kartumarhasi yuktitaḥ) Mb.5.177.8.

21) Granting; क्रतुभ्रेषस्त्वत्तः क्रतुफल- विधानव्यसनिनः (kratubhreṣastvattaḥ kratuphala- vidhānavyasaninaḥ) Śiva-mahimna 21.

22) The Veda; त्वमेको ह्यस्य सर्वस्य विधानस्य स्वयंभुवः (tvameko hyasya sarvasya vidhānasya svayaṃbhuvaḥ) Ms.1.3.

23) The fate, destiny (daiva); अहमद्योपयोक्ष्यामि विधानं पश्य यादृशम् (ahamadyopayokṣyāmi vidhānaṃ paśya yādṛśam) Mb.3. 179.15.

24) A statement of the Vedas; तस्य शब्दं गुणं विद्यान्मूर्तिशास्त्रविधानवित् (tasya śabdaṃ guṇaṃ vidyānmūrtiśāstravidhānavit) Mb.12.252.3.

25) (In drama) Conflict of different feelings.

26) Worship.

Derivable forms: vidhānam (विधानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vidhāna (विधान).—(nt.; Sanskrit), arrangement (of a heavenly city), i.e. pomp, or the like; l'appareil, la splendeur (Senart): Sudarśanasya devanagarasya taṃ vidhānaṃ dṛṣṭvā Mahāvastu i.32.10. A Sanskrit Lex. gives dhana as a meaning of vidhāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhāna (विधान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Act, action, general or particular, though more especially the performance of such acts or rites as are prescribed in the sacred books of the Hindus. 2. Rule, precept, ordinance, injunction. 3. An elephant’s fodder. 4. Form, mode, manner. 5. Sending, ordering. 6. Means, expedient. 7. Wealth. 8. Worship. 9. Active enmity or act of hostility. 10. Gaining, getting, taking. 11. Conflict or contrast of opposite feelings. 12. (In grammar.) Affixing, prefixing, taking as an affix, &c. 13. Pain, sorrow, distress. 14. Arranging, disposing. 15. Creating, forming. 16. Doing, performing, using. 17. Enjoying, prescribing. E. vi before, dhā to have, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhana (विधन).—[adjective] having no riches, poor.

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Vidhāna (विधान).—[neuter] disposing, arranging (also adj., [feminine] ī); performing, accomplishing, creating, creation (also concr.); ordering, ordinance, rule prescription, method; fate, destiny.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidhana (विधन):—[=vi-dhana] [from vi] a mfn. devoid of wealth, poor, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [=vi-dhana] b vi-dhanuṣka etc. See p. 951, col. 1.

3) Vidhāna (विधान):—[=vi-dhāna] [from vi-dhā] mf(ī)n. disposing, arranging, regulating, [Vaitāna-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] acting, performing, possessing, having, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] n. order, measure, disposition, arrangement, regulation, rule, precept, method, manner, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ([instrumental case] sg. and [plural], and -tas ind. according to rule or precept; saṃkhyā-vidhānāt, according to mathematical method, mathematically; deśa-kāla-vidhānena, in the right place and at the right time)

7) [v.s. ...] n. medical prescription or regulation, diet, [Suśruta]

8) [v.s. ...] fate, destiny, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

9) [v.s. ...] taking measures, contriving, managing, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] a means, expedient, [Pañcatantra]

11) [v.s. ...] setting up (machines), [Yājñavalkya]

12) [v.s. ...] creating, creation, [Kumāra-sambhava; Raghuvaṃśa]

13) [v.s. ...] performance ([especially] of prescribed acts or rites), execution, making, doing, accomplishing, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] enumeration, statement of particulars, [Suśruta]

15) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) conflict of different feelings, occasion for joy and sorrow, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Pratāparudrīya]

16) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) affixing, prefixing, taking as an affix etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

17) [v.s. ...] an elephant’s fodder etc., [Śiśupāla-vadha v, 51] (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] worship; wealth; wages; sending; act of hostility etc.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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