Adhikarana, aka: Adhikaraṇa, Ādhīkaraṇa; 13 Definition(s)
Adhikarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण) is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)
Adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण).—The exegetical format is called an adhikaraṇa which comprises of a fivefold process.
- viṣaya-vākya—noting the Scriptural sentence under discussion
- saṃśaya—formulating the doubt as to the correct and relevant meaning of the sentence.
- pūrva-pakṣa—presentation of the unsound interpretation (the objector or the opposing school)
- uttara-pakṣa—the refutation of the former position and presentation of the reasoned interpretation
- nirṇaya—arguments for the conclusion reached
All commentaries on the Brahma-sūtras etc. are presented in this format.Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis
Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
1) Adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण).—Support: a grammatical relation of the nature of a location : place of verbal activity. cf. आधारो (ādhāro)sधिकरणम् (dhikaraṇam) P.I.4.45;
2) Adhikaraṇa.—One of the six or seven Kārakas or functionaries of verbal activity shown by the locative case. cf सप्तम्यधिकरणे च (saptamyadhikaraṇe ca) P.II.4.36;
3) Adhikaraṇa.—Substance, 'dravya' cf. अनधिकरणवाचि अद्रव्यवाचि इति गम्यते (anadhikaraṇavāci adravyavāci iti gamyate) M.Bh. on II.1.1.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Jainism)
Adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण, “substratum”).—The foundation or the basis of an entity is called substratum (adhikaraṇa). It is of two types namely living beings (jīva) and non living beings (ajīva).Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण, “location”).—What What is meant by ‘location /resting place’ (adhikaraṇa)? The location or foundation of an entity (vastu) is called adhikaraṇa. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.7, “(Knowledge of the seven categories is attained) by definition, ownership, cause, location /resting place (substratum), duration and varieties/division”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Adhikaraṇa.—(IE 8-1, 8-8; EI 28), an office; cf. rājakule ='dhi- karaṇasya, apparently referring to an office. See adhikaraṇa-ava- dhāraṇā, ‘official investigation’ (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI, p. 267). (EI 24), a court or department. (EI 30), a law-court. (SITI), a class of law courts; probably, the chief court. (EI 30, 31), an administrative office or a board of administration. (EI 31), a district. (SII 2), same as Adhikārin, a magistrate. Note: adhikaraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
adhikaraṇa : (nt.) law-suit.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Adhikaraṇa, (nt.) (adhi + karaṇa) 1. attendance, supervision, management of affairs, administration PvA.209. ‹-› 2. relation, reference, reason, cause, consequence D.II, 59 (-°: in consequence of); S.II, 41; V, 19. Esp. Acc. °ṃ as adv. (-°) in consequence of, for the sake of, because of, from M.I, 410 (rūpâdhikaraṇaṃ); S.IV, 339 (rāga°); Miln.281 (mudda° for the sake of the royal seal, orig. in attendance on the r. s.). Kimâdhikaraṇaṃ why, on account of what J.IV, 4 (= kiṃkāraṇaṃ) yatvâdhikaraṇaṃ (yato + adhi°) by reason of what, since, because (used as conj.) D.I, 70 = A.I, 113 = II, 16 = D.III, 225. — 3. case, question, cause, subject of discussion, dispute. There are 4 sorts of a. enumd. at var. passages, viz. vivāda° anuvāda° āpatta° kicca° “questions of dispute, of censure, of misconduct, of duties” Vin.II, 88; III, 164; IV, 126, 238; M.II, 247. ‹-› Often ref.: Vin.II, 74; S.IV, 63 = V, 346 (dhamma° a question of the Dh.); A.I, 53 (case), 79; II, 239 (vūpasanta); V, 71, 72; Pug.20, 55; DhA.IV, 2 (°ssa uppamassa vūpasama), adhikaraṇaṃ karoti to raise a dispute M.I, 122 °ṃ vūpasameti to settle a question or difficulty Vin.II, 261.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण).—n (S) A term of grammar signifying comprehension or location; the sense of the seventh case. 2 A basis, substratum, subject, support, receptacle; that which upholds or contains.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण).—n The sense of the 7th case. A basis, support, receptacle.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Placing at the head of, appointing &c.
2) Relation, reference, connection; रामाधिकरणाः कथाः (rāmādhikaraṇāḥ kathāḥ) Rām. referring to.
3) (In gram.) Agreement, concord, government or grammatical relation (as of subject and predicate &c.); तत्पुरुषः समानाधिकरणः कर्मधारयः (tatpuruṣaḥ samānādhikaraṇaḥ karmadhārayaḥ) P.1.2.42 having the members (of the compound) in the same relation or apposition; समानाधिकरणो (samānādhikaraṇo) or व्यधिकरणो बहुर्व्रीहिः (vyadhikaraṇo bahurvrīhiḥ); पीताम्बरः, चक्रपाणिः (pītāmbaraḥ, cakrapāṇiḥ) &c.
4) A receptacle or subject, technically substratum ज्ञानाधिकरणम् आत्मा (jñānādhikaraṇam ātmā) T. S. the soul is the substratum of knowledge.
5) Location, place, the sense of the locative case; आधारोधिकरणम् (ādhārodhikaraṇam) P.1.4.45; कर्तृकर्म- व्यवहितामसाक्षाद्धारयत् क्रियाम् । उपकुर्वत् क्रियासिद्धौ शास्त्रेधिकरणं स्मृतम् (kartṛkarma- vyavahitāmasākṣāddhārayat kriyām | upakurvat kriyāsiddhau śāstredhikaraṇaṃ smṛtam) || Hari; as गेहे स्थाल्यामन्नं पचति (gehe sthālyāmannaṃ pacati).
6) A topic, subject; section, article or paragraph; a complete argument treating of one subject; A chapter in Kauṭilīya Arthaśāstra. e. g. प्रथमाधिकरणम् (prathamādhikaraṇam) the Sūtras of Vyāsa and Jaimini are divided into Adhyāyas, the Adhyāyas into Pādas and the Pādas into Adhikara- ṇas or sections. (According to the Mīmāṃsakas a complete Adhikaraṇa consists of five members : viṣaya the subject or matter to be explained, viśaya or saṃśaya the doubt or question arising upon that matter, pūrvapakṣa the first side or prima facie argument concerning it, uttara or uttarapakṣa or siddhānta the answer or demonstrated conclusion, and saṃgati pertinency or relevancy, or (according to others nirṇaya the final conclusion); विषयो विशयश्चैव पूर्वपक्षस्तथोत्तरम् । निर्णयश्चैति सिद्धान्तः शास्त्रेऽधिकरणं स्मृतम् (viṣayo viśayaścaiva pūrvapakṣastathottaram | nirṇayaścaiti siddhāntaḥ śāstre'dhikaraṇaṃ smṛtam) || The Vedāntins put संगति (saṃgati) in th 3 rd place, and सिद्धान्त (siddhānta) last; तत्र एकैकमधिकरणं पञ्चावयवम्, विषयः संदेहः संगतिः पूर्वपक्षः सिद्धान्तश्च (tatra ekaikamadhikaraṇaṃ pañcāvayavam, viṣayaḥ saṃdehaḥ saṃgatiḥ pūrvapakṣaḥ siddhāntaśca). Generally speaking, the five members may be विषय, संशय, पूर्वपक्ष, उत्तरपक्ष (viṣaya, saṃśaya, pūrvapakṣa, uttarapakṣa) and सिद्धान्त (siddhānta) or राद्धान्त (rāddhānta)).
7) Court of justice, court, tribunal; स्वान्दोषान् कथयन्ति नाधिकरणे (svāndoṣān kathayanti nādhikaraṇe) Mk.9.3; °रणे च साधनम् (raṇe ca sādhanam) Dk.4.
8) Stuff, material; विप्रतिषिद्धं चानधिकरणवाचि (vipratiṣiddhaṃ cānadhikaraṇavāci) P.II.4.13 (adravyavāci); अधिकरणै °एतावत्त्वे च (adhikaraṇai °etāvattve ca) P.II.4.15 fixed number of things, as दश तन्तोष्ठः (daśa tantoṣṭhaḥ) Sk.
9) A claim, Bhāg, 5.1.16.
11) A government department; सर्वाधिकरणरक्षणम् (sarvādhikaraṇarakṣaṇam) Kau. A.4.
12) A gathering place प्रत्यक्षाश्च परोक्षाश्च सर्वाधिकरणेष्वथ । वृत्तेर्भरतशार्दूल नित्यं चैवान्ववेक्षणम् (pratyakṣāśca parokṣāśca sarvādhikaraṇeṣvatha | vṛtterbharataśārdūla nityaṃ caivānvavekṣaṇam) || Mb.12.59.68.
13) A department; अश्वागारान् गजागारान् बलाधिकरणानि च (aśvāgārān gajāgārān balādhikaraṇāni ca) Mb.12. 69.54.
-ṇī One who superintends.
Derivable forms: adhikaraṇam (अधिकरणम्).
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Ādhīkaraṇa (आधीकरण).—Pledging, a pledge.
Derivable forms: ādhīkaraṇam (आधीकरणम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Adhikaraṇa (अधिकरण).—(= Pali id., in both senses), nt., (1) mat- ter of contention or dispute, especially among monks: saṃghe kalahabhaṇḍanavigrahavivādaṃ adhikaraṇaṃ kaukṛtyaṃ utpādetsuḥ Mv iii.48.(13—)14; adhikaraṇa na tasya jātu bhotī Śikṣ 195.10; °ṇa-kuśala MSV i.55.13; adhikaraṇa- vastu Mvy 9115 = Tibetan rtsod paḥi gzhi, ground of dispute; adhikaraṇa-śamatha Mvy 8630 (= Pali °samatha), the (7 rules for) quieting of disputes, a part of the Prātimokṣa; they are listed 8631—7, mostly as in Pali, saṃmukha- vinayaḥ, smṛti-vinayaḥ, amūḍha-vinayaḥ, yadbhū- yasikīyaḥ, tatsvabhāvaiṣīyaḥ, tṛṇaprastārakaḥ, pratijñākārakaḥ, qq.v.; (2) -adhikaraṇaṃ, ifc. adv., by reason of: yato-adhikaraṇaṃ, conj. (= Pali yatvādhika- raṇaṃ) Mv iii.52.7, because, lit. by reason of which; also stem in comp., pramādādhikaraṇahetor MPS 4.7 ff., because of negligence (Pali pamādādhikaraṇaṃ, adv.; elsewhere -adhikaraṇa-hetu, CPD).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Superiority, supremacy. 2. Title, right. 3. In the Mimansa philosophy, a case or topic, comprehending five members, the subject, the doubt, the first side or prima facie argument, the answer or conclusion, the application. 4. (In the Vedanta.) A case or question. 5. (In grammar) Location, the sense of the seventh or locative case, defined to imply four kinds. 1. Proximity, as, ‘a village on the Ganges.’ 2. Inclusion, as, ‘the gods in heaven.’ 3. End or object, as, ‘versed in the Sastras; and 4. Integral existence, as, ‘the spirit is in all.’ E. adhi over, kṛ to do; and lyuṭ aff.
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(-ṇaṃ) 1. Pledging, mortgaging. 2. A pledge. E. ādhi and karaṇa making, &c. with cvi inserted.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Dharmādhikaraṇa (धर्माधिकरण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) A court of justice. m. (-ṇaḥ) A judge. E. dharma, and a...
Samānādhikaraṇa (समानाधिकरण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) 1. Common or generic property. 2. A predicament or cond...
Adhiṣṭhāna-adhikaraṇa.—(IE 8-3; EI 23; BL), administrative office or board at the headquarters ...
Grām-āṣṭakul-ādhikaraṇa.—(EI 31), the administrative board (e. g. Pañcāyat) of a village; see a...
Adhikaraṇa-lekhaka.—(EI 30), a scribe pertaining to a law- court or office. (HD), the official ...
Dhruvasthāna-adhikaraṇa.—(IE 8-3; EI 30), the station for collecting the king's share or the of...
Adhikaraṇa-daṇḍa.—(SITI), fine imposed by the adhikaraṇa or law-court. Note: adhikaraṇa-daṇḍa i...
Mahāsandhivigraha-adhikaraṇa-ādhikṛta.—(BL), superintendent of the office of war and peace or f...
Sandhivigraha-adhikaraṇa-adhikṛta.—(EI 30; BL), official desig- nation indicating a person in c...
Dhruv-ādhikaraṇa.—(EI 30), office of [the collector of] the king's share of the produce of the ...
Mahāsandhivigraha-adhikaraṇa.—(EI 12; CII 4), the office or department of the Mahāsandhivigrahi...
Sandhivigraha-adhikaraṇa-kāyastha.—official designation of a scribe of the office of war and pe...
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Search found 21 books and stories containing Adhikarana, Adhikaraṇa, Ādhīkaraṇa; (plurals include: Adhikaranas, Adhikaraṇas, Ādhīkaraṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
First Adhyāya < [Introduction]
Second Adhyāya < [Introduction]
Third Adhyāya < [Introduction]
Vedānta-sūtras Part II (by George Thibaut)
III, 2, 21 < [Third Adhyāya, Second Pāda]
II, 3, 8 < [Second Adhyāya, Third Pāda]
IV, 1, 14 < [Fourth Adhyāya, First Pāda]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
Buddhist Monastic Discipline (by Jotiya Dhirasekera)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 16 - Meghanādāri < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 3 - Āḻvārs and Śrī-vaiṣṇavas on certain points of controversy in religious dogmas < [Chapter XVII - The Āḻvārs]
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)