Narendra, Nara-indra: 16 definitions


Narendra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Narendra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Narendra (नरेन्द्र).—Is Candragupta Maurya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 143.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Narendra (नरेन्द्र) is the name of the minister of King Jayāpīḍa.—Kṣemendra who was otherwise known as Vyāsadāsa as most of the colophons of his works attribute to him. Kṣemendra was the son of Prakāśendra, grandson of Sindhu and father of Somendra and also the brother of Cakrapāla. He was also the descendant of Narendra, the minister of King Jayāpīḍa.

1) Suryakanta mentions that Somendra (son of Kṣemendra) in his introduction to Avadānakalpalatā gives detailed account of Kṣemendra’s parentage. In that introduction Somendra says that in the dynasty of Narendra, a minister of Jayāpīḍa was born from Bhogendra and from Bhogendra, a son namely Sindhu was born.

2) Narendra (नरेन्द्र) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., narendra) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Narendra (नरेन्द्र) refers to a “prince”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. [...] If the spots should be of the shape of a rod the prince dies [i.e., narendramṛtyu]; if of the shape of a headless body mankind will suffer from disease; if of the shape of a crow they will suffer from robbers; and if of the shape of a pike, they will suffer from famine”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Narendra (नरेन्द्र) refers to the “chiefs of men”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the world a whole multitude of objects, and the supremacy that is desired by the chiefs of snakes, men and gods (narendrauraganarasurendraiḥ prārthitaṃ), and other than [that], family, power, prosperity, and wanton women, etc. is easily obtained. On the contrary, that very same jewel of enlightenment alone is difficult to obtain. [Thus ends the reflection on] enlightenment”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Narendra (नरेन्द्र) refers to a “master of charms or antidotes” and is used as a synonym for Dhātuvādins, or “those involved in the art of making artificial gold” (Dhātuvāda), representing one of Siddhis (powers) practiced in ancient India, as mentioned in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 191.28-32: We get some details about Dhātuvāda (p. 195), i.e., the art of making artificial gold, being practised in a secluded part of the Vindhya forest. [...] It is said that the assembled Dhātuvādins or alchemists were failing in their attempt. Prince Kuvalayacandra tried his own knowledge and succeeded in the making of gold. It appears that one of the epithets of the Dhātuvādins was Narendra, meaning a master of charms or antidotes. The word is also used in this sense in classical Sanskrit literature. Dhātuvāda is also called Narendrakalā (Ṇariṃdakalā, 197.16).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Narendra (नरेन्द्र).—

1) a king; R.2.18. नरेन्द्रकन्यास्तमवाप्य सत्पतिं तमोनुदं दक्षसुता इवाबभुः (narendrakanyāstamavāpya satpatiṃ tamonudaṃ dakṣasutā ivābabhuḥ) 3.33;6.8; Manusmṛti 9.253.

2) a physician, dealer in antidotes, curer of poisons; तेषु कश्चि- न्नरेन्द्राभिमानी तां निर्वर्ण्य (teṣu kaści- nnarendrābhimānī tāṃ nirvarṇya) Daśakumāracarita 51; सुनिग्रहा नरेन्द्रेण फणीन्द्रा इव शत्रवः (sunigrahā narendreṇa phaṇīndrā iva śatravaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 2.88. (where the word is used in both senses). °मार्गः (mārgaḥ) a high street, main road.

3) a mineralogist; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: narendraḥ (नरेन्द्रः).

Narendra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nara and indra (इन्द्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Narendra (नरेन्द्र).—name of a former Buddha: Sukhāvatīvyūha 6.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Narendra (नरेन्द्र).—m.

(-ndraḥ) 1. A king, an anointed sovereign. 2. A dealer in antidotes, a juggler. E. nara a man, indra chief.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Narendra (नरेन्द्र).—[masculine] king, prince; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Narendra (नरेन्द्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

2) Narendra (नरेन्द्र):—father of Kāmeśvara (Āyurvedasiddhāntasambodhinī).

Narendra has the following synonyms: Narahari.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Narendra (नरेन्द्र):—[from nara] a m. ‘m°-lord’, king, prince, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a physician, master of charms or antidotes, [Daśakumāra-carita] (cf. dur-n)

3) [v.s. ...] = narendra-druma, [Suśruta] (cf. narādhipa)

4) [v.s. ...] = vārttika or rājika, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

6) [v.s. ...] of another man, [Kṣitīśa-vaṃśāvalī-carita]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

8) [=na-rendra] [from nara] b m. Name of Tathāgatas, [Sukhāvatī-vyūha i].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Narendra (नरेन्द्र):—[nare+ndra] (ndraḥ) 1. m. A king; a juggler.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Narendra (नरेन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇariṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Narendra in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Narendra in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Narendra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a king..—narendra (नरेंद्र) is alternatively transliterated as Nareṃdra.

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