Madura, aka: Madurā, Mādurā; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Mādurā (मादुरा).—Southern Madurai, presently known as Mādurā, is situated on the banks of the Bhāgāi River. This place of pilgrimage is specifically meant for the devotees of Lord Śiva; therefore it is called Śaiva-kṣetra, that is, the place where Lord Śiva is worshiped. In this area there are mountains and forests. There are also two Śiva temples, one known as Rāmeśvara and the other known as Sundareśvara. There is also a temple to Devī called the Mīnākṣī-devī temple, which displays very great architectural craftsmanship. It was built under the supervision of the kings of the Pāṇḍya Dynasty, and when the Muslims attacked this temple, as well as the temple of Sundareśvara, great damage was done. In the Christian year 1372, a king named Kampanna Udaiyara reigned on the throne of Mādurā. Long ago, Emperor Kulaśekhara ruled this area, and during his reign he established a colony of brāhmaṇas. A well-known king named Anantaguṇa Pāṇḍya is an eleventh-generation descendant of Emperor Kulaśekhara.

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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India history and geogprahy

Madura is one of the places visited by Chaitanya during his pilgrimage in Southern India between April 1510 and January 1512.—Madura—on the river Vaigai, the minor basin of which is called Kritima-nadi (the Krita-mala of our text). Its temples are described in the Madura Gazetteer, 267-274.

Source: archive.org: Chaitanya’s life and teachings (history)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vijaya
1) Vijaya (विजय) is the name of a sacred mountain range in Kaśmīra, according to in the Kathāsa...
Pandya
Pāṇḍya (पाण्ड्य) (or Paṃḍiya) is the name of a locality situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “...
Mahendra
Mahendra (महेन्द्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter,...
Rameshvara
Rāmeśvara (रामेश्वर).—There is in South India a very famous holy place called Rāmeśvara and a Ś...
Pandu
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioi...
Kshetra
Kṣetra (क्षेत्र) refers to “land”, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-...
Sundareshvara
Sundareśvara (सुन्दरेश्वर) refers to a Śiva temple near Mādurā.—Southern Madurai, presently kno...
Rudrasharman
Rudraśarman (रुद्रशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman who, after he became a householder, gave bir...
Minakshi
Mīnākṣī (मीनाक्षी).—Name of a deity (worshipped in Madurā). Mīnākṣī is a Sanskrit compound cons...
Khatri
Khatri or Patnuli refers to one of the vernacular languages and dialects of Southern India.—Kha...
Anantaguna
Anantaguṇa (अनन्तगुण) is the minister of king Vikramasiṃha from Pratiṣṭhāna, according to the K...
Samgham
Saṃgham (संघम्).—(SAṄGHAM). An organisation formed in olden days for the cultivation of Śentami...
Patnuli
Patnuli (patnuli) or Khatri refers to one of the vernacular languages and dialects of Southern ...
Shabarimala
Śabarimala (शबरिमल).—(ŚABARI MOUNTAIN). A sacred place in South India in the eastern region of ...
Thippa
Thippa (“rubbish-heap”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Karna Sales (a cast...

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