Madura, aka: Madurā, Mādurā; 2 Definition(s)
Madura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Mādurā (मादुरा).—Southern Madurai, presently known as Mādurā, is situated on the banks of the Bhāgāi River. This place of pilgrimage is specifically meant for the devotees of Lord Śiva; therefore it is called Śaiva-kṣetra, that is, the place where Lord Śiva is worshiped. In this area there are mountains and forests. There are also two Śiva temples, one known as Rāmeśvara and the other known as Sundareśvara. There is also a temple to Devī called the Mīnākṣī-devī temple, which displays very great architectural craftsmanship. It was built under the supervision of the kings of the Pāṇḍya Dynasty, and when the Muslims attacked this temple, as well as the temple of Sundareśvara, great damage was done. In the Christian year 1372, a king named Kampanna Udaiyara reigned on the throne of Mādurā. Long ago, Emperor Kulaśekhara ruled this area, and during his reign he established a colony of brāhmaṇas. A well-known king named Anantaguṇa Pāṇḍya is an eleventh-generation descendant of Emperor Kulaśekhara.Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
India history and geogprahy
Madura is one of the places visited by Chaitanya during his pilgrimage in Southern India between April 1510 and January 1512.—Madura—on the river Vaigai, the minor basin of which is called Kritima-nadi (the Krita-mala of our text). Its temples are described in the Madura Gazetteer, 267-274.Source: archive.org: Chaitanya’s life and teachings (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Search found 19 books and stories containing Madura, Madurā or Mādurā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The Chronology of the Āḻvārs < [Chapter XVII - The Āḻvārs]
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)
The Mahābhārata in the Tamil country in the Sangam age < [Introduction]
Poems included the collection Paripāḍal expound the Pāñcarātra < [Introduction]
Chaitanya's Life and Teachings (by Krishna-das Kaviraj)
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Introduction (Bana dynasty) < [Chapter XVI - The Banas]
Part 5 - Other Banas < [Chapter XVI - The Banas]
Part 5 - Peddarasar (A.D. 1203-4) < [Chapter XV - The Nagas]
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LII - Regulations of Prayaschittas (penitential rites) < [Agastya Samhita]