Udayana, aka: Udāyana; 13 Definition(s)


Udayana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Udayana in Katha glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Udayana (उदयन) is the name of the King of Vatsa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He was born to Mṛgāvatī (the wife of King Sahasrānīka) while she was taking refuge at the hermitage of Jamadagni. Accordingly,

“And some days after the blameless one (Mṛgāvatī) gave birth to a charmingly beautiful son... At that moment a voice was heard from heaven: ‘An august king of great renown has been born, Udayana by name, and his son shall be monarch of all the Vidyādharas.’”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Udayana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Udayana in Purana glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

1a) Udayana (उदयन).—The son of Śatānīka and father of Vihīnara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 86; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 15.

1b) The son of Arbhaka and father of Nandivardhana.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 16-17.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Udayana in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Udayana (उदयन) or Udayanācārya, also known as Udayakara was one of the greatest Naiyāyikas. He flourished after Vācaspati Miśra. Udayana was the last of Naiyāyikas who belong to the old school of Nyāya (Prācīnanyāya). After that he flourished the Navya-Nyāya school. It is also said that Udayana prepared the way for emergence of Navya-Nyāya. He wrote a sub-commentary named Nyāyavārtikatātparyapariśūddhi on Vācaspati’s Nyāyavārtikatātparyaṭīkā. He refuted the criticisms of the Buddhist logicians against Vācaspati Miśra in this work.

Udayana also wrote some independent works on Nyāya system. In his Nyāya-kusumāñjalī, he has forwarded arguments to prove the existence of God. Another important Nyāya work of Udayana is Ātmatattvaviveka. In this work he tries to establish the Nyāya-doctrine of Soul against the attack of Buddhists. The time of Udayana is supposed to be the latter half of the 11th century A.D.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Udayana (उदयन) is the author of the Kiraṇāvalī: another important work on Praśastapāda-bhāṣya. Udayana was contemporary of Śrīdhara. Unlike Praśastapāda who omitted non-existence, Udayana maintains that non-existence is a well-established category. Udayana does not accept the view of the Sāṃkhya, the Vijñānavādins and the Bhāṭṭas about the concept of Mokṣa. He discusses in detail seven categories and four Pramāṇas. He gives arguments to prove the existence of God.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Udayana : Udayana was a prince of the Lunar race, and son of Sahasranika, who is the hero of a popular story. He was king of Vatsa, and is commonly called Vatsaraja. His capital was Kausambi. Also a name of Agastya.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Udaya (3).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Udayana (उदयन) is the name of a king that, out of attachment to female beauty (rūpasaṅga), cut off the hands and feet of five hundred Ṛṣis according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Udayana (in Pāli Udena) was about to renew this act of cruelty in yet other circumstances: One day he discovered that his palace ladies had given Ānanda five hundred costly robes; fortunately, Ānanda was able to explain that gifts made to the community were never lost, and the king, satisfied with this explanation, in turn gave five hundred robes. Another day, walking in his park Udakavana, (cf. at the beginning of this note, the mountain Udakapada, mentioned in the Vibhāṣā), Udaka saw that his women had given their robes to the Bhikṣu Bhāradvāja. He questioned the monk about the good based on their generosity, but the monk remained silent. Angry, Udayana tried to have him eaten by red ants, but Piṇḍola vanished into the sky.

2) Udayana (उदयन) is the name of a king of olden times subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “a hundred thousand Che-tseu (Śākya) who all were great kings in Jambudvīpa, king Yeou-t’ien (Udayana), etc., all became his disciples”.

Note: After having been noted for his great cruelty (cf. above, p. 993F and note), Udayana, king of Kauśāmbhī, during a friendly visit to the disciple Piṇḍola Bhāradvāja, was converted and entered into the brotherhood of the upāsakas (Saṃyutta, IV, p. 110–113).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Udāyana (उदायन).—King Udāyana was a popular king of Sindhu-Sauvīra kingdom. The capital of this kingdom was Vītabhaya city, which was large, beautiful and prosperous in every way. Prabhāvatī was the queen of King Udāyana and Abhīcakumāra was their son. Udāyana’s nephew Keśīkumāra too used to live with him. King Udāyana had great faith in the words of Lord Mahāvīra. He was a 12-vows follower of Mahāvīra.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Udayana in Pali glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

udayana : (nt.) rise; going up.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Udayana, (nt.) (fr. ud + i) going up, rise DA. I, 95. (Page 133)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udayana (उदयन).—See under उदि (udi).

See also (synonyms): udaya.

--- OR ---

Udayana (उदयन).—1 Rising, ascending, going up; सूर्यस्योदयनादधि (sūryasyodayanādadhi) Rv.1.48.7.

2) Result, consequence.

3) End, conclusion.

-naḥ 1 Name of Agastya.

2) Name of the king Vatsa; प्राप्यावन्तीनुदयनकथाकोविदग्रामवृद्धान् (prāpyāvantīnudayanakathākovidagrāmavṛddhān) Me.3. [A celebrated Prince of the lunar race, who is usually styled Vatsarāja. He reigned at Kauśambī. Vāsavadattā, Princess of Ujjayinī, saw him in a dream and fell in love with him. He was decoyed to that city and there kept in prison by Chaṇḍamahāsena, the king. But on being released by the minister, he carried off Vāsavadattā from her father and a rival suitor. Udayana is the hero of the play called Ratnāvalī and his life has been made the subject of several other minor compositions. See Vatsa also].

Derivable forms: udayanam (उदयनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Udayanācārya (उदयनाचार्य) or Udayana, also known as Udayakara was one of the greatest Naiyāyika...
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