Udayana, Udāyana: 26 definitions


Udayana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Udayana (उदयन).—A renowned king of the Candravaṃśa (Lunar dynasty). Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Pūru-Janamejaya-Prācinvān-Pravīra-Namasyu-Vītabhaya Śuṇḍu-Bahuvidha-Saṃyāti-Rahovādī-Raudrāśva-Matīnāra-Santurodha-Duṣyanta-Bharata-Hasti-Ajamīḍha-Ṛkṣa-Saṃvaraṇa-Kuru-Jahnu-Suratha-Viḍūratha-Sārvabhauma-Jayatsena-Ravyaya-Bhāvuka-Cakroddhata-Devātithi-Ṛkṣa-Bhīma-Pratīpa-Śantanu-Vyāsa-Pāṇḍu-Arjuna-Abhimanyu-Parīkṣit Janamejaya-Śatānīka-Sahasrānīka-Udayana. (See full article at Story of Udayana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Udayana (उदयन).—The son of Śatānīka and father of Vihīnara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 86; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 15.

1b) The son of Arbhaka and father of Nandivardhana.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 16-17.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Udayana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Udayana (उदयन) is the name of the King of Vatsa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He was born to Mṛgāvatī (the wife of King Sahasrānīka) while she was taking refuge at the hermitage of Jamadagni. Accordingly,

“And some days after the blameless one (Mṛgāvatī) gave birth to a charmingly beautiful son... At that moment a voice was heard from heaven: ‘An august king of great renown has been born, Udayana by name, and his son shall be monarch of all the Vidyādharas.’”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Udayana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Udayaṇa (उदयण) (= Udāyaṇa) is the name of an ancient musician, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “King Pajjoa of Ujjenī wonders which music master is suitable for his daughter Vasavadattā, accomplished in all other arts. His minister advises him Udāyana, the best of musicians. [...] But how to succeed in bringing the son of an enemy king? He does it by trickery. The two young people fall in love with each other and flee to Kauśāmbī. The king, at first furious, ends up accepting their marriage”.

Cf. Āvaśyakacūrṇi II 161.5-162-10; Āvasyakaniryukti (Haribhadra commentary) b.5-a. 1; Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra X.11. v. 184-265: Johnson VI pp. 275-280; Dhammapadaṭṭhakathā II 1 in Fausböll 1906 I p. 191-199.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Udayana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Udayana (उदयन) or Udayanācārya, also known as Udayakara was one of the greatest Naiyāyikas. He flourished after Vācaspati Miśra. Udayana was the last of Naiyāyikas who belong to the old school of Nyāya (Prācīnanyāya). After that he flourished the Navya-Nyāya school. It is also said that Udayana prepared the way for emergence of Navya-Nyāya. He wrote a sub-commentary named Nyāyavārtikatātparyapariśūddhi on Vācaspati’s Nyāyavārtikatātparyaṭīkā. He refuted the criticisms of the Buddhist logicians against Vācaspati Miśra in this work.

Udayana also wrote some independent works on Nyāya system. In his Nyāya-kusumāñjalī, he has forwarded arguments to prove the existence of God. Another important Nyāya work of Udayana is Ātmatattvaviveka. In this work he tries to establish the Nyāya-doctrine of Soul against the attack of Buddhists. The time of Udayana is supposed to be the latter half of the 11th century A.D.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)

Udayana (उदयन) is the author of the Kiraṇāvalī: another important work on Praśastapāda-bhāṣya. Udayana was contemporary of Śrīdhara. Unlike Praśastapāda who omitted non-existence, Udayana maintains that non-existence is a well-established category. Udayana does not accept the view of the Sāṃkhya, the Vijñānavādins and the Bhāṭṭas about the concept of Mokṣa. He discusses in detail seven categories and four Pramāṇas. He gives arguments to prove the existence of God.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Udayana (उदयन) refers to the “rising” (of the sun), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.8-13, while describing auspicious dreams]—“[The dreamer] crosses over the ocean and river. Likewise sunrise (bhāskara-udayana) and indeed blazing fire [are auspicious. Also auspicious is when the dreamer] sees planets, constellations, stars and the disk of the moon. [When the dreamer] ascends the palace or a turret of the palace, climbs a mountain top, tree, elephant, young animal, bull, horse, or man. [In auspicious dreams one] sees a chariot and also sees the siddhamantra, obtains the perfected oblation and sees the gods, etc. [...]”

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Udayana : Udayana was a prince of the Lunar race, and son of Sahasranika, who is the hero of a popular story. He was king of Vatsa, and is commonly called Vatsaraja. His capital was Kausambi. Also a name of Agastya.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Udaya (3).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Udayana (उदयन) is the name of a king that, out of attachment to female beauty (rūpasaṅga), cut off the hands and feet of five hundred Ṛṣis according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Udayana (in Pāli Udena) was about to renew this act of cruelty in yet other circumstances: One day he discovered that his palace ladies had given Ānanda five hundred costly robes; fortunately, Ānanda was able to explain that gifts made to the community were never lost, and the king, satisfied with this explanation, in turn gave five hundred robes. Another day, walking in his park Udakavana, (cf. at the beginning of this note, the mountain Udakapada, mentioned in the Vibhāṣā), Udaka saw that his women had given their robes to the Bhikṣu Bhāradvāja. He questioned the monk about the good based on their generosity, but the monk remained silent. Angry, Udayana tried to have him eaten by red ants, but Piṇḍola vanished into the sky.

2) Udayana (उदयन) is the name of a king of olden times subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “a hundred thousand Che-tseu (Śākya) who all were great kings in Jambudvīpa, king Yeou-t’ien (Udayana), etc., all became his disciples”.

Note: After having been noted for his great cruelty (cf. above, p. 993F and note), Udayana, king of Kauśāmbhī, during a friendly visit to the disciple Piṇḍola Bhāradvāja, was converted and entered into the brotherhood of the upāsakas (Saṃyutta, IV, p. 110–113).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Udāyana (उदायन).—King Udāyana was a popular king of Sindhu-Sauvīra kingdom. The capital of this kingdom was Vītabhaya city, which was large, beautiful and prosperous in every way. Prabhāvatī was the queen of King Udāyana and Abhīcakumāra was their son. Udāyana’s nephew Keśīkumāra too used to live with him. King Udāyana had great faith in the words of Lord Mahāvīra. He was a 12-vows follower of Mahāvīra.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Udayana (उदयन) is the son of Mṛgāvatī and king Śatānīka from Kosambī, according to the Mṛgāvatīcaritra (dealing with the lives of Jain female heroes), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Accordingly, Mṛgāvatī was the wife of Śatānīka at Kosambī. During her pregnancy she had the desire (dohada) to bathe in a well of blood. When she came out, she was carried away by a bhāraṇḍa bird who thought she was a piece of flesh. Thanks to a bracelet that two unknown people had brought to the king, the latter was finally able to find her, and their son Udayana, in an ascetic grove.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Udayana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

udayana : (nt.) rise; going up.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udayana, (nt.) (fr. ud + i) going up, rise DA. I, 95. (Page 133)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udayana (उदयन).—See under उदि (udi).

See also (synonyms): udaya.

--- OR ---

Udayana (उदयन).—1 Rising, ascending, going up; सूर्यस्योदयनादधि (sūryasyodayanādadhi) Ṛgveda 1.48.7.

2) Result, consequence.

3) End, conclusion.

-naḥ 1 Name of Agastya.

2) Name of the king Vatsa; प्राप्यावन्तीनुदयनकथाकोविदग्रामवृद्धान् (prāpyāvantīnudayanakathākovidagrāmavṛddhān) Meghadūta 3. [A celebrated Prince of the lunar race, who is usually styled Vatsarāja. He reigned at Kauśambī. Vāsavadattā, Princess of Ujjayinī, saw him in a dream and fell in love with him. He was decoyed to that city and there kept in prison by Chaṇḍamahāsena, the king. But on being released by the minister, he carried off Vāsavadattā from her father and a rival suitor. Udayana is the hero of the play called Ratnāvalī and his life has been made the subject of several other minor compositions. See Vatsa also].

Derivable forms: udayanam (उदयनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Udayana (उदयन).—(1) name of Śuddhodana's purohita (father of Udāyin 1): Lalitavistara 121.1; (2) name of nāga: Mahāvyutpatti 3324. (Also name of the well-known king of Vatsa, as in Sanskrit, Mahāvastu ii.2.12; compare next.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udayana (उदयन).—n.

(-naṃ) Rising, ascending. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A name of Agastya: see agastya. 2. The name of a sovereign, king of Kausambi, and hero of the Vasavadatta, a dramatic poem; also, of part of the Vrihat Kat'ha. E. ud above, iṇ to go, and lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udayana (उदयन).—i. e. ud-i + ana, I. n. Rising (of the sun), Chr. 287, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 7; [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 40, 43. Ii. m. A proper name, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 9, 599.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udayana (उदयन).—[neuter] going up, rise; issue, end; [masculine] [Name] of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Udayana (उदयन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a brother of Govardhanācārya. Mentioned at the end of the Āryāsaptaśatī.

2) Udayana (उदयन):—Quoted in Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha Oxf. 247^a: Ācāryamatarahasya vaiś. Ātmatattvaviveka or Bauddhadhikkāra. Kaṇaḍasūtrabhāṣya. Oppert. Ii, 1041. Kiraṇāvalī (Guṇakiraṇāvalī, Dravyakiraṇāvalī). Jātinigrahasthānavyākhyā. Oppert. Ii, 4597. Nyāyakusumāñjali. Nyāyapariśiṣṭa. Hall. p. 21. Ben. 188. Nyāyavārttikatātparyapariśuddhi. Bodhasiddhi. Sūcīpattra. 47. Lakṣaṇāvalī. K. 158.

Udayana has the following synonyms: Udayakara ācārya.

3) Udayana (उदयन):—Gītagovindaṭīkā Bhāvavibhāvinī. K. 62. Naiṣadhaṭīkā. Oudh. Xiv, 28.

4) Udayana (उदयन):—Mitavṛttyarthasaṃgraha on Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī.

5) Udayana (उदयन):—Vaṃśalatā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udayana (उदयन):—[=ud-ayana] [from ud-i] n. rise, rising (of the sun etc.), [Ṛg-veda i, 48, 7; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] way out, outlet, [Atharva-veda v, 30, 7]

3) [v.s. ...] exit

4) [v.s. ...] outcome, result, conclusion, end, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] means of redemption, [Caraka]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of several kings and authors.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udayana (उदयन):—[uda+yana] (naṃ) 1. n. Rising; Agastya.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udayana (उदयन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Udayaṇa, Udāyaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Udayaṇa (उदयण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Udayana.

2) Udayaṇa (उदयण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Udayana.

3) Udāyaṇa (उदायण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Udāyana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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