Madya; 9 Definition(s)
Madya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Madya (मद्य) refers to “wine”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Madya is recommended as a drink on the New Snow-fall Day and Irāmañjari-pūjana. The expression irāpuṣpasamāyuktaṃ pānam refers to the wine distilled from flowers (verses 465, 675). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Madya (मद्य).—Liquor: Brahmanas forbidden to take it: prāyascitta for it: used in the worship of the mother goddess and the Śaktis.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 66, 73-6; 8. 41.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Madya (मद्य, “wine”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—Accordingly, “There are three kinds of wine (madhya): i) cereal wine (surā), ii) fruit wine (phalamadya), iii) herb wine (oṣadhimadya). Briefly, liquors, dry or wet, clear or cloudy, that cause excitation (kampana) or weakness (pramāda) in the human mind are called wine (madhya). They should not be consumed, and this is what is called abstaining from liquor (madyavirati)”.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Madya (मद्य, “alcohol”) refers to one of the ten classifications of food (āhāra), also known as vikṛtis, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.130) by Hemacandra. Madya refers to alcohol, which may be of two kinds: from sugar-cane juice or from the fermentation of grain.
Alcohol (madya) is forbidden to consume for Jain laymen. The five udumbara fruits and three forbidden vikṛtis: meat (māṃsa), alcohol (madya), and honey (madhu)—from which abstention is enjoined have one aspect in common: they are all used as offerings to the spirits of the ancestors (pitṛs). For Amitagati, in the Subhāṣita-ratna-sandoha, the common characteristic of meat, alcohol, and honey is their aphrodisiac quality.
While some writers tend to stress the pernicious effects of alcohol (madya) in befuddling the mind of the drinker others are more concerned with the inevitable hiṃsā involved in the process of fermentation. Thus Somadeva, in his Yaśastilaka, and Āśādhara, in his Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta (v2.8) refer to the immense number of jīvas transformed into a drop of alcohol and the former adds that sometimes in the cycle of transmigration beings are metamorphosed into wine to bemuse the minds of men. This same honey is unclean because it is derived from the vomit or spittle of insects and even though it may possess medicinal properties it will still lead to hell. Hemacandra, in his Yogaśāstra verse 3.41 mentions especially the use of honey in the Śaivite deva-snāna, and the false idea that it is holy.Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
madya (मद्य).—n (S) Vinous or spirituous liquor.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
madya (मद्य).—n Vinous liquor. madyapāna n Drinking of spirits.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Madya (मद्य).—a. [mādyatyanena karaṇe yat]
2) Gladdening, exhilarating.
-dyam Spirituous liquor, wine, any intoxicating drink; रणक्षितिः शोणितमद्यकुल्या (raṇakṣitiḥ śoṇitamadyakulyā) R.7.49; Ms.5.56;9.84;1.89; भिक्षो मांसनिषेवणं प्रकुरुषे किं तेन मद्यं विना (bhikṣo māṃsaniṣevaṇaṃ prakuruṣe kiṃ tena madyaṃ vinā) S. D.525.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-dyaṃ) Wine, vinous or spirituous liquor. f.
(-dyā) 1. Intoxicating. 2. Gladdening. E. mada to be intoxicated, (by it), aff. yat .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 86 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Madya-pāna.—(SII 3), intoxicating drinks. Note: madya-pāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphic...
Madyamaṇḍa (मद्यमण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) Yeast, barm, froth. E. madya wine, maṇḍa froth, scum.
Madyapaṅka (मद्यपङ्क).—m. (-ṅkaḥ) Vinous liquor for distilling. E. madya wine, paṅka mud.
Madya-vahanaka.—(IE 8-8), a carrier of wine. Note: madya-vahanaka is defined in the “Indian epi...
Phalamadya (फलमद्य, “fruit wine”) refers to one of the three types of wine (madhya) according t...
Madyapuṣpā (मद्यपुष्पा).—the plant called Dhātakī. Madyapuṣpā is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Oṣadhimadya (ओषधिमद्य, “herb wine”) refers to one of the three types of wine (madhya) according...
Madyāmoda (मद्यामोद).—the Bakula tree. Derivable forms: madyāmodaḥ (मद्यामोदः).Madyāmoda is a S...
Madyavāsinī (मद्यवासिनी).—the plant called धातकी (dhātakī). Madyavāsinī is a Sanskrit compound ...
Madyabhājana (मद्यभाजन).—a wineglass; so मद्यभाण्डम् (madyabhāṇḍam). Derivable forms: madyabhāj...
Madyapa (मद्यप).—a drunkard, tippler, sot. Derivable forms: madyapaḥ (मद्यपः).Madyapa is a Sans...
Madyadohada (मद्यदोहद).—the Bakula tree. Derivable forms: madyadohadaḥ (मद्यदोहदः).Madyadohada ...
Madyakumbha (मद्यकुम्भ).—a brandy-jar. Derivable forms: madyakumbhaḥ (मद्यकुम्भः).Madyakumbha i...
Madyapīta (मद्यपीत).—a. intoxicated with drink. Madyapīta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Vicchinnamadya (विच्छिन्नमद्य).—a. one who has long abstained from liquor. Vicchinnamadya is a ...
Search found 14 books and stories containing Madya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Notes on the renouncement of intoxicating drinks < [Section I.5 - Abstention from liquor]
Part 5 - Perfection of generosity < [Chapter XX - The Virtue of Generosity and Generosity of the Dharma]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 10: Sermon on saṃvara < [Chapter VIII - Śītalanāthacaritra]
Part 21: Sermon on tenfold dharma < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.88 < [Section IX - Variations in the Functions of the Brāhmaṇa due to Abnormal Conditions]
Verse 11.94 < [Section VIII - Expiation of drinking Wine (surā)]
Verse 11.147 < [Section XVII - Expiation for the Sin of taking Forbidden Food]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra (by Baudhāyana)