Madya; 4 Definition(s)
Madya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Madya (मद्य).—Liquor: Brahmanas forbidden to take it: prāyascitta for it: used in the worship of the mother goddess and the Śaktis.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 66, 73-6; 8. 41.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Madya (मद्य, “alcohol”) refers to one of the ten classifications of food (āhāra), also known as vikṛtis, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.130) by Hemacandra. Madya refers to alcohol, which may be of two kinds: from sugar-cane juice or from the fermentation of grain.
Alcohol (madya) is forbidden to consume for Jain laymen. The five udumbara fruits and three forbidden vikṛtis: meat (māṃsa), alcohol (madya), and honey (madhu)—from which abstention is enjoined have one aspect in common: they are all used as offerings to the spirits of the ancestors (pitṛs). For Amitagati, in the Subhāṣita-ratna-sandoha, the common characteristic of meat, alcohol, and honey is their aphrodisiac quality.
While some writers tend to stress the pernicious effects of alcohol (madya) in befuddling the mind of the drinker others are more concerned with the inevitable hiṃsā involved in the process of fermentation. Thus Somadeva, in his Yaśastilaka, and Āśādhara, in his Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta (v2.8) refer to the immense number of jīvas transformed into a drop of alcohol and the former adds that sometimes in the cycle of transmigration beings are metamorphosed into wine to bemuse the minds of men. This same honey is unclean because it is derived from the vomit or spittle of insects and even though it may possess medicinal properties it will still lead to hell. Hemacandra, in his Yogaśāstra verse 3.41 mentions especially the use of honey in the Śaivite deva-snāna, and the false idea that it is holy.(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
madya (मद्य).—n (S) Vinous or spirituous liquor.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
madya (मद्य).—n Vinous liquor. madyapāna n Drinking of spirits.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 56 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
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Udumbara (उदुम्बर) refers to five kinds of fruits that are forbidden to eat, listed under the k...
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mādhvī (माध्वी).—f S A spirituous liquor made from the blossoms of Bassia latifolia: also spiri...
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Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—According to Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madya-lila 9.197, “After thus assurin...
Search found 12 books and stories containing Madya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 10: Sermon on saṃvara < [Chapter VIII - Śītalanāthacaritra]
Part 21: Sermon on tenfold dharma < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Notes on the renouncement of intoxicating drinks < [Section I.5 - Abstention from liquor]
Part 5 - Perfection of generosity < [Chapter XX - The Virtue of Generosity and Generosity of the Dharma]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.88 < [Section IX - Variations in the Functions of the Brāhmaṇa due to Abnormal Conditions]
Verse 11.94 < [Section VIII - Expiation of drinking Wine (surā)]
Verse 11.147 < [Section XVII - Expiation for the Sin of taking Forbidden Food]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Sushruta)
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra (by Baudhāyana)
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