Kurpara, Kūrpara: 14 definitions


Kurpara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Kurpara (कुर्पर, “elbows”) refers to one of the nine “minor limbs” (pratyaṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back, thighs and calves; at times the wrists, knees and elbows [viz., Kurpara] are also counted among minor limbs.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Kūrpara (कूर्पर) refers to the “crook of the hand”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Kaṅkaṇa or Aṅgaḍa [Aṅgada?] are the names given invariably to the armlets (bhujāvalaya) and wristlets. Aparājitapṛcchā (236.77a) confirm this ornament to be worn on upper arm. it is the ornament to be worn above keyūra, the ornament meant for the crook (kūrpara) of the hand. [...] In the icons of Viṣṇu under study, Kaṅkaṇa is noticeable below the keyūra, sometimes on one hand only.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kūrpara (कूर्पर):—[kūrparaḥ] Elbow

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kūrpara (कूर्पर) refers to the “elbows”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.44 (“Menā regains consciousness”).—Accordingly, after Pārvatī spoke to her mother Menā: “On hearing these words of Pārvatī, Menā, the beloved of the lord of mountains lamented much. She became angry. She caught hold of Pārvatī and thrashed her with fists, elbows (kūrpara) gnashing her teeth. She was greatly agitated and furious. O dear one, O sage, you and other sages who were there, separated her from the mother and took her far off. Menā then rebuked them again and again. She hurled harsh repulsive words at all of them”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kurpara (कुर्पर) or Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—

1) The knee.

2) The elbow.

Derivable forms: kurparaḥ (कुर्परः), kūrparaḥ (कूर्परः).

--- OR ---

Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—

1) The elbow; Śiśupālavadha 2.19.

2) The knee.

Derivable forms: kūrparaḥ (कूर्परः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurpara (कुर्पर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The knee. 2. The elbow; also kūrpara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—m. The elbow, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 200, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—[masculine] elbow, [rarely] knee.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kurpara (कुर्पर):—for kūrp q.v.

2) Kūrpara (कूर्पर):—m. the elbow, [Suśruta; Daśakumāra-carita; Bālarāmāyaṇa] [commentator or commentary] on [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] : the knee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Name of a village

4) Kūrparā (कूर्परा):—[from kūrpara] f. the elbow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurpara (कुर्पर):—(raḥ) 1. m. The knee, elbow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kūrpara (कूर्पर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kuppara, Koppara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kurpara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kūrpara (ಕೂರ್ಪರ):—

1) [noun] the joint between the upper and lower arm; esp., the outer part of the angle made by a bent arm; the elbow.

2) [noun] a) the joint between the thigh and the lower part of the human leg b) the front part of the leg at this joint; the knee.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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