Kurpara, Kūrpara: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kurpara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Kurpara (कुर्पर, “elbows”) refers to one of the nine “minor limbs” (pratyaṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back, thighs and calves; at times the wrists, knees and elbows [viz., Kurpara] are also counted among minor limbs.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Kūrpara (कूर्पर) refers to the “crook of the hand”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Kaṅkaṇa or Aṅgaḍa [Aṅgada?] are the names given invariably to the armlets (bhujāvalaya) and wristlets. Aparājitapṛcchā (236.77a) confirm this ornament to be worn on upper arm. it is the ornament to be worn above keyūra, the ornament meant for the crook (kūrpara) of the hand. [...] In the icons of Viṣṇu under study, Kaṅkaṇa is noticeable below the keyūra, sometimes on one hand only.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kūrpara (कूर्पर):—[kūrparaḥ] Elbow

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kurpara (कुर्पर) or Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—

1) The knee.

2) The elbow.

Derivable forms: kurparaḥ (कुर्परः), kūrparaḥ (कूर्परः).

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Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—

1) The elbow; Śi.2.19.

2) The knee.

Derivable forms: kūrparaḥ (कूर्परः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurpara (कुर्पर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The knee. 2. The elbow; also kūrpara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—m. The elbow, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 200, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūrpara (कूर्पर).—[masculine] elbow, [rarely] knee.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kurpara (कुर्पर):—for kūrp q.v.

2) Kūrpara (कूर्पर):—m. the elbow, [Suśruta; Daśakumāra-carita; Bālarāmāyaṇa] [commentator or commentary] on [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] : the knee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Name of a village

4) Kūrparā (कूर्परा):—[from kūrpara] f. the elbow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurpara (कुर्पर):—(raḥ) 1. m. The knee, elbow.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kurpara (कुर्पर):—m. = kūrpara [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 590,] [Scholiast] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 539.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 138.]

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Kūrpara (कूर्पर):—m. Ellbogen ( [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 31.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 590]), zuweilen auch Knie [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 138] (nach den Corrigg. kurpara). [Suśruta 1, 126, 1. 3. 340, 17. 345, 9. 358, 14. 2, 29, 8. 55, 11. 89, 8] (kurpara). [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 3, 17.] Nach [COLEBR.] zu [Amarakoṣa] auch kūrparā f.

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Kūrpara (कूर्पर):—

1) Ellbogen [Halāyudha 2, 378. 381] (wo kūrparayo zu lesen ist). [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 200, 2.] —

2) Nomen proprium eines Dorfes [HALL 154.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kurpara (कुर्पर):—m. fehlerhaft für kūrpara.

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Kūrpara (कूर्पर):——

1) m. (*f. ā) Ellbogen [Bālarāmāyaṇa 239,9.] Bisweilen auch Knie.

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Dorfes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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