Nishka, aka: Niṣka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nishka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niṣka can be transliterated into English as Niska or Nishka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nishka in Purana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Niṣka (निष्क).—One palam (about one-sixth of a pound) of gold. (Manusmṛti, Cnapter 8).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Niṣka (निष्क).—A gold coin for gifts;1 sin, a fine for wounding or hurting;2 necklace?3 Bala staked 1000 at the first game of gambling, another 1000 at the second and one crore at the succeeding one.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 77. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 80. 16.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 160.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 31.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 13-14, 18.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Niṣka (निष्क) is frequently found in the Rigveda and later denoting a gold ornament worn on the neck, as is shown by the two epithets niṣka-kaṇṭha and niṣka-grīva, ‘having a gold ornament on the neck’. A Niṣka of silver is mentioned in the Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa. As early as the Rigveda traces are seen of the

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

India history and geogprahy

Niṣka.—(IE 8-8; EI 15, 27, 30), name of a gold coin; name sometimes applied to śatamāna, śāna, ṭaṅka, gaṇḍa-māḍa, etc.; cf. gaṇḍa-niṣka, also called gaṇḍa-māḍa. See JNSI, Vol. XVI, pp. 41 ff. (IE 8-8), a gold coin equal to sixteen silver drammas. (EI 5), a coin equal to a half-pagoda. (JNSI, Vol. XV, p. 139), a silver coin equal to one śata- māna. Note: niṣka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Niṣka.—gold coin or weight equal to one karṣa (80 ratis or about 146 grains) of 16 māṣas or to 4 or 108 or 150 suvarṇas (q. v.); silver coin equal to one śatamāna (320 ratis); some- times identified with māḍa (q. v.). Note: niṣka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣka (निष्क).—

1) A golden coin (of different values, but generally taken to be equal to one Karṣa or Suvarṇa of 16 Māsas; 'varāṭakānāṃ daśakadvayaṃ yat sā kākiṇī tāśca paṇaścatasraḥ | te ṣoḍaśa dramma ihāvagamyo drammaistathā ṣoḍaśabhiśca niṣkaḥ || māṃsabhettā tu ṣaṣṇiṣkān (daṇḍaḥ) Ms.8.284.

2) A weight of gold equal to 18 or 15 Suvarṇas q. v.

3) A golden ornament for the neck or the breast; हरिचक्रेण तेनास्य कण्ठे निष्कमिवार्पितम् (haricakreṇa tenāsya kaṇṭhe niṣkamivārpitam) Ku.2.49; निष्ककण्ठीः (niṣkakaṇṭhīḥ) (upadevavarastriyaḥ) Bhāg.4.3.6.

4) Gold in general.

5) A golden vessel.

6) A die or dice; L. D. B.

7) Departure, going away; Nm.

-ṣkaḥ A Chāndāla.

Derivable forms: niṣkaḥ (निष्कः), niṣkam (निष्कम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣka (निष्क).—mn.

(-ṣkaḥ-ṣkaṃ) 1. A weight of gold, applied however to different quantities: it is considered as synonimous with the Dinara of thirty-two small, or sixteen large Rattis; with the Karsha or Suvarna of sixteen Mashas; with the Pala of four or five Suvarnas; and with the larger Pala or Dinara, which is sometimes reckoned at 108, and othertimes at 150 Suvarnas. 2. Gold in general. 3. Any ornament of the breast. 4. An ornament of the neck. 5. A weight of four Mashas. 6. A weight of silver of four Suvarnas. 7. A value of sixteen Kahons or Dramyas. 8. A chandala. E. ni before, sad to go, Unadi aff. kan, and the radical final rejected or nis + kai-ka or niṣka-ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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