Nishka, aka: Niṣka; 6 Definition(s)
Nishka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Niṣka can be transliterated into English as Niska or Nishka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Niṣka (निष्क).—One palam (about one-sixth of a pound) of gold. (Manusmṛti, Cnapter 8).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Niṣka (निष्क).—A gold coin for gifts;1 sin, a fine for wounding or hurting;2 necklace?3 Bala staked 1000 at the first game of gambling, another 1000 at the second and one crore at the succeeding one.4
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 77. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 80. 16.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 160.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 31.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 13-14, 18.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Niṣka (निष्क) is frequently found in the Rigveda and later denoting a gold ornament worn on the neck, as is shown by the two epithets niṣka-kaṇṭha and niṣka-grīva, ‘having a gold ornament on the neck’. A Niṣka of silver is mentioned in the Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa. As early as the Rigveda traces are seen of theSource: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
India history and geogprahy
Niṣka.—(IE 8-8; EI 15, 27, 30), name of a gold coin; name sometimes applied to śatamāna, śāna, ṭaṅka, gaṇḍa-māḍa, etc.; cf. gaṇḍa-niṣka, also called gaṇḍa-māḍa. See JNSI, Vol. XVI, pp. 41 ff. (IE 8-8), a gold coin equal to sixteen silver drammas. (EI 5), a coin equal to a half-pagoda. (JNSI, Vol. XV, p. 139), a silver coin equal to one śata- māna. Note: niṣka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Niṣka.—gold coin or weight equal to one karṣa (80 ratis or about 146 grains) of 16 māṣas or to 4 or 108 or 150 suvarṇas (q. v.); silver coin equal to one śatamāna (320 ratis); some- times identified with māḍa (q. v.). Note: niṣka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
1) A golden coin (of different values, but generally taken to be equal to one Karṣa or Suvarṇa of 16 Māsas; 'varāṭakānāṃ daśakadvayaṃ yat sā kākiṇī tāśca paṇaścatasraḥ | te ṣoḍaśa dramma ihāvagamyo drammaistathā ṣoḍaśabhiśca niṣkaḥ || māṃsabhettā tu ṣaṣṇiṣkān (daṇḍaḥ) Ms.8.284.
2) A weight of gold equal to 18 or 15 Suvarṇas q. v.
3) A golden ornament for the neck or the breast; हरिचक्रेण तेनास्य कण्ठे निष्कमिवार्पितम् (haricakreṇa tenāsya kaṇṭhe niṣkamivārpitam) Ku.2.49; निष्ककण्ठीः (niṣkakaṇṭhīḥ) (upadevavarastriyaḥ) Bhāg.4.3.6.
4) Gold in general.
5) A golden vessel.
6) A die or dice; L. D. B.
7) Departure, going away; Nm.
-ṣkaḥ A Chāndāla.
Derivable forms: niṣkaḥ (निष्कः), niṣkam (निष्कम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṣkaḥ-ṣkaṃ) 1. A weight of gold, applied however to different quantities: it is considered as synonimous with the Dinara of thirty-two small, or sixteen large Rattis; with the Karsha or Suvarna of sixteen Mashas; with the Pala of four or five Suvarnas; and with the larger Pala or Dinara, which is sometimes reckoned at 108, and othertimes at 150 Suvarnas. 2. Gold in general. 3. Any ornament of the breast. 4. An ornament of the neck. 5. A weight of four Mashas. 6. A weight of silver of four Suvarnas. 7. A value of sixteen Kahons or Dramyas. 8. A chandala. E. ni before, sad to go, Unadi aff. kan, and the radical final rejected or nis + kai-ka or niṣka-ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Nishka, Niṣka, Niska; (plurals include: Nishkas, Niṣkas, Niskas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 8.220 < [Section XXXVII - Breach of Contract]
Verse 8.284 < [Section XLII - Assaults]
Verse 8.131 < [Section XXIII - Measures]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 2 - Measures of weight < [Chapter VII - Enumeration of technical terms]
Part 13 - Mercurial operations (11): Swooning of mercury (murchhana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Part 1 - Definitions of technical terms < [Chapter VII - Enumeration of technical terms]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Kapardi or Kapardaka (cowri or marine shells) < [Chapter XIX - Uparasa (20a): Kapardi or Kapardaka (cowri or marine shells)]
Part 6 - Use of incinerated mica < [Chapter I - Uparasa (1): Abhra or Abhraka (mica)]
The Mahabharata - Fourth Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)