Kasamarda, Kāsamarda, Kasa-marda, Kāsāmarda: 4 definitions

Introduction

Kasamarda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kasamarda in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kāsamarda (कासमर्द) is a Sanskrit word referring to Cassia occidentalis (septicweed), from the Fabaceae family. Certain plant parts of Kāsamarda are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. The plant is also known as Śuṣā.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.171-172), Kāsamarda has the following synonyms: Arimarda, Kāsāri, Kāsamardaka, Kāla, Kanaka, Jāraṇa and Dīpaka. The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th-century Āurvedic encyclopedia.

Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Kāsamarda alleviate three doṣas and are constipating.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Kāsamarda or Kasaundī is bitter, sweet and hot. It alleviates vitiated kapha, pitta and vāta-doṣas. It is indicated in indigestion, cough and for clearing the throat. It is also promoter of digestive process.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kasamarda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāsamarda (कासमर्द) or Kāsāmarda (कासामर्द).—

1) a cure of cough.

2) an acid preparation (kāsuṃdī).

Derivable forms: kāsamardaḥ (कासमर्दः), kāsāmardaḥ (कासामर्दः).

Kāsamarda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāsa and marda (मर्द).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāsamarda (कासमर्द).—i. e. kāsa-mṛd + a, and kāsamardaka kāsamarda + ka, m. A plant, Cassia sophora, [Suśruta] 1, 138, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāsamarda (कासमर्द):—[=kāsa-marda] [from kāsa > kās] m. ‘cough-destroying’, Cassia Sophora, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] a remedy against cough (an acid preparation, mixture of tamarinds and mustard), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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