Kasamarda, Kāsamarda, Kasa-marda, Kāsāmarda, Kashamarda: 10 definitions


Kasamarda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kasamarda in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kāsamarda (कासमर्द) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Senna occidentalis (formerly known as Cassia occidentalis Linn.) or “septicweed” from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.171-172 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Kāsamarda is commonly known in Hindi as Kasaundī (Kāsamarda or Kasaumdī); in Bengali as Kalkāsundu; in Marathi as Kāsvandā; in Gujarati as Kasondudārī; in Kannada as Kāsvandī; in Telugu as Kasindā; and in Tamil as Nattam-takārāī.

Kāsamarda is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Arimarda, Kāsāri, Kāsamardaka, Kāla, Kanaka, Jāraṇa and Dīpaka.

Properties and characteristics: “Kāsamarda or Kasaundī is bitter, sweet and hot. It alleviates vitiated kapha, pitta and vāta-doṣas. It is indicated in indigestion, cough and for clearing the throat. It is also promotor of digestive process”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kāsamarda (कासमर्द) is a Sanskrit word referring to Cassia occidentalis (septicweed), from the Fabaceae family. Certain plant parts of Kāsamarda are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. The plant is also known as Śuṣā.

Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Kāsamarda alleviate three doṣas and are constipating.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Kasamarda in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kasamarda in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Senna occidentalis (L.)Link from the Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar) family having the following synonyms: Cassia occidentalis. For the possible medicinal usage of kasamarda, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kasamarda in India is the name of a plant defined with Senna occidentalis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cassia planisiliqua L. (among others).

2) Kasamarda is also identified with Senna sophera It has the synonym Cassia proboscidea Pollard (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1832)
· Food and Chemical Toxicology (2001)
· Descripción de las Plantas (1801)
· Kagoshima University Research Center for the Pacific Islands, Occasional Papers (2001)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1985)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kasamarda, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kasamarda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāsamarda (कासमर्द) or Kāsāmarda (कासामर्द).—

1) a cure of cough.

2) an acid preparation (kāsuṃdī).

Derivable forms: kāsamardaḥ (कासमर्दः), kāsāmardaḥ (कासामर्दः).

Kāsamarda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāsa and marda (मर्द).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāsamarda (कासमर्द).—i. e. kāsa-mṛd + a, and kāsamardaka kāsamarda + ka, m. A plant, Cassia sophora, [Suśruta] 1, 138, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāsamarda (कासमर्द):—[=kāsa-marda] [from kāsa > kās] m. ‘cough-destroying’, Cassia Sophora, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] a remedy against cough (an acid preparation, mixture of tamarinds and mustard), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kasamarda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kasamarda in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kāsamarda (ಕಾಸಮರ್ದ):—[noun] the plant Cassia sophera of Caesalpiniaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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