Kamuka, Kāmuka: 19 definitions


Kamuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kamuk.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kāmuka (कामुक) (lit. “one who is lustful”) is a synonym (another name) for the Pigeon (Kapota), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kāmuka (कामुक) refers to “(being) lascivious”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Those who are born on the lunar day of Mṛgaśirṣa will delight or deal in perfumes, dress, pearls, flowers, fruits, precious stones, wild beasts, birds and deer; will be Somayajis or singers; will be lascivious (kāmuka); will be good writers or painters. Those who are born on the lunar day of Ārdrā will delight in killing, torturing, lying, in adultery, thieving, cheating and tale-bearing; will deal in pod-grains, black magic, sorcery and exorcism. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kāmuka (कामुक) refers to “distress” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the sixteen celestial ladies arrived there and saw the couple [i.e., Śiva and Pārvatī] with great respect. [...] The celestial ladies made these sweet witty remarks to Him one by one. [...] Sarasvatī said:—‘O great lord, Satī who was more than your life to you has now joyously rejoined you. O lover, seeing the face of your beloved of moonlike splendour, cast off the heat of your distress (kāmukasantāpantyaja kāmuka). Spend your time, O lord of time, in the close embrace of Satī. Thanks to my fervent wish, there will be no separation at any time between you both’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kamuka in India is the name of a plant defined with Areca catechu in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Areca hortensis Lour. (among others).

2) Kamuka is also identified with Hiptage benghalensis It has the synonym Banisteria tetraptera Sonn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Nucleus (1975)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1791)
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)
· Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine (2007)
· Sweet's Hortus Britannicus, or ‘a catalogue of all the plants indigenous or cultivated in the gardens of Great Britain, arranged according to the natural system’ (1830)
· Natural history (1874)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kamuka, for example extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kamuka : (m.) arecanut tree. || kāmuka (adj.), lustful; lewed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kāmuka, (adj. -n.) (cp. Sk. kāmuka) desiring, loving, fond of; a sweetheart, lover J. V, 306; Mhbv 3. (Page 206)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāmuka (कामुक).—a S pop. and poetically kāmīka a Lustful, lewd, libidinous. 2 Desirous, wishful, cupidinous. In comp. as vidyākāmuka Seeking knowledge; dhana- kāmuka Seeking riches; rājyakāmuka, putrakāmuka, mōkṣa- kāmuka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kāmuka (कामुक).—a Lustful, amorous. Desirous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāmuka (कामुक).—a. (-, or - f.) [कम्-उकञ् (kam-ukañ) P.III.2.154.]

1) Wishing, desirous. दुर्योधनमवाचीनं राज्यकामुकमातुरम् (duryodhanamavācīnaṃ rājyakāmukamāturam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.8.17.

2) Lustful, libidinous.

-kaḥ 1 A lover, a libidinous man. दास्याः कामुकः, वृषल्याः कामुकः (dāsyāḥ kāmukaḥ, vṛṣalyāḥ kāmukaḥ) Mahābhārata on P. II.3.69. कामुकैः कुम्भीलकैश्च परिहर्तव्या चन्द्रिका (kāmukaiḥ kumbhīlakaiśca parihartavyā candrikā) M.4; R.19.33; Ṛtusaṃhāra 6.9.

2) A sparrow.

3) The Aśoka tree. °कान्ता (kāntā) f. Name of Mādhavi creeper.

-kā A woman desirous of wealth.

-kī A libidinous or lustful woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmuka (कामुक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) Cupidinous, desirous, lustful, libidinous. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A plant, Asoka, (Jonesia asoca.) 2. A creeping plant, (Gærtnera racemosa.) 3. A sparrow. 4. A bow. f.

(-kā) A woman desirous of wealth, food, &c. f. (-kī) A woman libidinous or lustful. E. kam to desire, ukañ affix, fem. ṭāp or ṅīṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmuka (कामुक).—i. e. kam + uka, I. adj., f. and , Desirous, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 74, 7. Ii. m. A lover, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 16, 42.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmuka (कामुक).—[adjective] wishing, desiring ([accusative]), loving, fond of (—°). [masculine] lover. —[feminine] ī mistress of (—°).*

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāmuka (कामुक):—[from kāma] mf(ā)n. wishing for, desiring, longing after (in [compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] loving, enamoured or in love with ([accusative]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi]

3) [from kāma] m. a lover, gallant, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa xix, 33 etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] (with [genitive case]) [vArttika] on [Pāṇini 2-3, 69]

5) [v.s. ...] a sparrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the plant Jonesia Aśoka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the creeping plant Gaertnera racemosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a bow ([varia lectio] for kārmuka), [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of pigeon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of an author of Mantras

11) Kāmukā (कामुका):—[from kāmuka > kāma] f. Name of Dākṣyāyaṇī in Gandha-mādana

12) [v.s. ...] a woman desirous of wealth etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāmuka (कामुक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Cupidinous. m. The plant Asoka; a sparrow; a bow. f. () Desirous of food; and () lustful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kāmuka (कामुक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kāmua, Kāmuga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kamuka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kāmuka (कामुक) [Also spelled kamuk]:—(a) amorous, salacious, libidinous; sensual.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kāmuka (ಕಾಮುಕ):—

1) [noun] a man excessively interested in, desirous of, indulging in, sexual enjoyment; a lustful man.

2) [noun] a greedy man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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