Kampana: 19 definitions

Introduction

Kampana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Kampanā (कम्पना) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Kampanā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kampana (कम्पन).—A mighty King. He was a prominent member of the court of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Chapter 4, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).

2) Kampana (कम्पन).—A demon. (See under Nahuṣa).

3) Kampanā (कम्पना).—A river. If one bathes in this river one will get the benefit of doing a Puṇḍarīka yajña. (Chapter 84, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kampana (कम्पन).—An Yakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 177.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kampana (कम्पन) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.82.99). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kampana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Kampana (कम्पन, “trembling”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the lips (uṣṭha), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

2) Kampana (कम्पन, “shaking”) also refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the thighs (ūru), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

3) Kampana (कम्पन) refers to a weapon which should measure should measure twenty aṅguli (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is also known by the names Kaṇapa and Kaṇaya. In dramatic plays, weapons such as kampana should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Kampana (कम्पन, “trembling”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the lips (uṣṭha);—Instructions: throbbing (of lips). Uses: in pain, cold, fear, anger, japa and the like.

Kampana (कम्पन, “shaking”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the thighs (ūru);—Instructions: raising and lowering of heels repeatedly. Uses: in the frightened movement of persons of the inferior type.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (weapons)

Kampana refers to a kind of missile and represents a kind of weapon employed in warfare by the soldiers, according to Śrīnātha’s 15th century Palanāṭivīra-caritra. The Vardhmānapuram inscription states that the king should be proficient in dealing several varieties of weapons.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kampana (कम्पन).—A fault in uttering an accented vowel especially a vowel with the circumflex accent which is not properly uttered by the Southerners as remarked by Uvvata; cf कम्पनं नाम रचराश्रितपाठदोषः । स च प्रायेण दाक्षिणात्यानां भवति । स च वर्ज्यः । (kampanaṃ nāma racarāśritapāṭhadoṣaḥ | sa ca prāyeṇa dākṣiṇātyānāṃ bhavati | sa ca varjyaḥ |) Uvvaṭa on R. Pr. III.18.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Ancient Sri Lanka

Most probably, Sri Lanka was under the control of the Vijayanagara kings for some time. Vijayanagara King Kampana killed the Sultan of Madurai and returned the kingdom to the descendant of the Pandya dynasty at the end of the 7th century.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district

Kampana or Kampanamu is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—Kampana in Kannada means a district. It was also meant to designate a small unit equivalent to a pargana. In Andhra Pradesh Kampana divisions occur in the inscriptions of the Kalyana Chalukyas, viz. Ettapi-90 kampanamu, Kaluvachedu-40 kampanamu, etc. and Uduvali-kampana in the Kakatiya records. The number of gramas included (90,40, etc.) shows that the size of kampana was small and varied. At times the term baliya was used instead of kampana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kampana or Kampanā.—(IE 8-3), the army [in ancient Kashmir]; cf. Kampanapati, etc. Note: kampana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Kampaṇa.—(IE 8-4), a small territorial unit like a Parganā. Note: kampaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kampana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kampana : (nt.) trembling; movement.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kampana, (fr. kamp) 1. adj. causing to shake DhA. I, 84, trembling Kacc 271; 2. (nt) (a) an earthquake J. I, 26 47; (b) tremor (of feelings) J. III, 163.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kampaṇa (कंपण) [or कंपणकांटा, kampaṇakāṇṭā].—m A balance for nice weighing, a tongue-balance.

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kampana (कंपन).—n S Trembling, quivering, quaking.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kampana (कम्पन).—a. [kamp-yuc] Trembling, shaking.

-naḥ 1 Śiśira season (November-December).

2) A kind of missile.

3) A kind of fever (sānnipātika).

-nam 1 Shaking, tremor.

2) Quivering pronunciation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampana (कम्पन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Trembling, unsteady, shaken. n.

(-naṃ) Trembling quivering. m.

(-naḥ) The dewy season. (Nov.-Dec.) E. kapi to tremble, and yuc or lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kampana (कम्पन):—[from kamp] mf(ā)n. trembling, shaken, unsteady

2) [v.s. ...] causing to tremble, shaking, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of weapon, [Mahābhārata i, 2836; Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of fever, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

5) [v.s. ...] the cool or dewy season (from about the middle of January to that of March), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Mahābhārata ii, 117]

7) [v.s. ...] of a country near Kāśmīra, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) Kampanā (कम्पना):—[from kampana > kamp] f. Name of a river, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] f. ([probably]) an army in motion

10) Kampana (कम्पन):—[from kamp] n. trembling, quivering, [Suśruta]

11) [v.s. ...] an earthquake, [Mahābhārata v, 7239]

12) [v.s. ...] quivering or thrilling pronunciation (See kampa) [commentator or commentary] on [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

13) [v.s. ...] the act of shaking, swinging, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Suśruta i, 85, 9; Tarkasaṃgraha etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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