Kampa, Kampā: 24 definitions



Kampa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kampa (कम्प).—A prince of Vṛṣṇivaṃśa. He became a Viśvadeva after his death. (Chapter 5, Svargārohaṇa Parva Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kampā (कम्पा).—Also Kampātarangiṇī—the sacred waters of Kāñcī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 40. 17, 40, 85, 102 and 115.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kampa (कम्प) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Kampa (कम्प) refers to a “small thin band”. It is classified as a type of upāṅga (sub-moulds) as opposed to regular mouldings (aṃśa) commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭhāna (pedestal or base of a structure) or an upapīṭha (sub-structure, beneath the adhiṣṭhāna).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kampa (कम्प) is another name (synonym) for stambha, a Sanskrit technical term referring to “pillar”. These synonyms are defined in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.2), Mānasāra (verse 15.2-3), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.2) and Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (Kriya, verses 31.19-20).

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Kampa (कम्प) refers to “- 1. net (molding) §§ 3.6, 11, 13, 15, 25, 31. - 2. = kṣudra upāna (Aj) § 3.4.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kampa (कम्प).—Vibration of the larynx which produces thc sound.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kampa (कम्प) refers to “tremor”, mentioned in verse 4.8-9 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] From the suppression again of belching (result) anorexia, tremor [viz., kampa], oppression in the heart (region) and the chest, inflation, cough, and hiccup ; in this case the remedy (is) as in hiccup. [...]”.

Note: Some of the diseases have been named after their principal symptoms: aruci (“anorexia”) corresponding to yi-ga ’chus (“disturbed appetite”), kampa (“tremor”) to lus ’dar (“trembling body”), and vibandho hṛdayorasoḥ (“oppression in the heart region and the chest”) to sñiṅ daṅ braṅ ’gags (“oppressed heart region and chest”).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kampa (कम्प):—Tremor, to vibrate

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kampa (कम्प) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kampa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Kampa (“bush of thorns”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Koravas (a nomad tribe of the North Arcot district). The Korava nomad tribe permeates the length of the Indian peninsula, through countries where many languages and dialects are spoken, are likely to be known by different names in different localities.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kampā : (f.) trembling; movement.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kampa, (-°) (fr. kamp) trembling, shaking; tremor DA. I, 130 (paṭhavi°); Sdhp. 401; (adj.) not trembling, unshaken; calm, tranquil Sdhp. 594; Mhvs 15, 175. (Page 189)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kampa (कंप).—m (S) Tremor, trembling, shaking. 2 In music or singing. Shake or quaver.

--- OR ---

kāmpa (कांप).—m (kampa S) Shivering, quaking, trembling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kampa (कंप).—m Tremor, shaking. Shake or quaver.

--- OR ---

kāmpa (कांप).—m Shivering, trembling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—[kamp-ghañ]

1) Shaking, tremor; कम्पेन किंचित्प्रतिगृह्य मूर्घ्नः (kampena kiṃcitpratigṛhya mūrghnaḥ) R.13.44 with a gentle nod or bend of the head; 13.28; Ku.7.46; भयकम्पः, विद्युत्कम्पः (bhayakampaḥ, vidyutkampaḥ) &c.

2) A modification of the Svarita accent.

-pā Shaking, moving, tremor.

Derivable forms: kampaḥ (कम्पः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—m.

(-mpaḥ) Tremour, trembling, shaking. E. kapi to shake, and ac affix; also kampana, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—[kamp + a], m. Trembling, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 50.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—[masculine] trembling, shaking, [especially] earthquake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kampa (कम्प):—[from kamp] m. trembling, tremor, trembling motion, shaking, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] earthquake (cf. bhūmi-kampa, mahī-k, etc.)

3) [v.s. ...] tremulous or thrilling pronunciation (a modification of the Svarita accent which may take place if the Svarita syllable is followed by an Udātta syllable), [Nirukta, by Yāska etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of time (in mus.)

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kampa (कम्प):—(von kamp) m.

1) das Zittern, Beben, zitternde Bewegung [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 38.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 306.] [Suśruta 1, 49, 1. 119, 19. 156, 9. 181, 2. 2, 377, 5.] [Bhartṛhari 1, 50.] [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 28.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 7, 11.] bhūmikampa Erdbeben [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 41, 15. 2, 87, 4.] kṣitikampa [6, 30, 30.] praṇatiṃ mamaiṣa kampena kiṃcitpratigṛhya mūrdhnaḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 44.] śiraḥkampaiḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 16067.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 363.] saśiraḥkampam [Mṛcchakaṭikā 65, 12.] vidyutkampa [Meghadūta 96.] hṛdayakampa [Vikramorvaśī 6.] sukhamārutakampa [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 13, 41.] muñcati na tāvadasyā bhayakampaḥ kusumakomalaṃ hṛdayam [Vikramorvaśī 7.] —

2) vibratio, trillernde Aussprache, eine Modification des SvaritaTones, welche eintreten kann, wenn eine betonte Silbe folgt. Einl. zum [Yāska’s Nirukta S. LXVII. fg.] [Upalekha 9, 7] und [PERTSCH] zu d. St. madhye tu kampayetkampamubhau pārśvau samo bhavet . saraṅgaṃ kampayetkampaṃ rathīveti nidarśanam [ŚIKṢĀ 30.] —

3) Nomen proprium eines Mannes in einer Inschr. [Colebrooke II, 257.]

--- OR ---

Kampa (कम्प):—vgl. kṣiti, niṣkampa, bhū, bhūmi, mahī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kampa (कम्प):—m.

1) das Zittern , Beben , zitternde Bewegung.

2) Erdbeben [220,23.26.] —

3) vibratio , trillernde Aussprache.

4) ein best. Tact [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 235.] —

5) Nomen proprium eines Mannes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kaṃpa (कंप) [Also spelled kamp]:—(nm) see [kaṃpana].

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