Kampa, Kampā: 34 definitions


Kampa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Kampa (कम्प) refers to “tremulous (agitation)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.43 (“Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] O sage, on seeing the innumerable Gaṇas, Bhūtas and Pretas, Menakā was terribly frightened instantaneously. On seeing Śiva in their midst, the mother of Pārvatī trembled. [...] She was stunned, tremulous agitated (kampa-saṃyuktakampasaṃyuktāṃ vihvalāṃ) and confused. You said to her ‘This is Śiva’ and pointed Him out to her. On hearing your words she fell on the ground like a tender creeper blown by the wind. Menā the chaste lady was grief-stricken. ‘What is this? I have been deceived for being too ambitious. Of what use is it to see this deformity?’ Saying this, Menakā fell unconscious there in a trice. [...]”.

2) Kampa (कम्प) refers to the “trembling (of a mountain)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.2 (“The birth of Śiva’s son”).—Accordingly, after Nārada spoke to Agni: “[...] The wives of the sages cast off their semen in the form of a foetus at the top of Himavat. They felt then relieved of their burning sensation. Unable to bear that semen of Śiva and trembling (kampa) much, Himavat became scorched by it and hurled it in the Gaṅgā. O great sage, the intolerable semen of lord Śiva was deposited by Gaṅgā in the forest of Śara grass by means of its waves. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kampa (कम्प).—A prince of Vṛṣṇivaṃśa. He became a Viśvadeva after his death. (Chapter 5, Svargārohaṇa Parva Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kampā (कम्पा).—Also Kampātarangiṇī—the sacred waters of Kāñcī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 40. 17, 40, 85, 102 and 115.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kampa (कम्प) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Kampa (कम्प) refers to “movement” (as opposed to Akampa—‘absence of movement’), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī 1.181.—Accordingly, “As for the additional arguments refuting [the existence of the external object], they are: the impossibility of the existence of a whole (avayavin) [in its parts]; the fact that the inherence (samavāya) [of the whole in its parts] is not established; the fact that the [external object must] possess some contradictory properties, such as movement and the absence of movement (kampa-akampa), being covered and being uncovered, being colored and being colourless, being differentiated into parts according to [the six] directions, etc.”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Kampa (कम्प) refers to “trembling” representing one of the the Five Mystic States, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 330).—Accordingly, “[...] Thus, due to practicing [this insight], the qualities of His consciousness, which are aspects of Śakti, fully penetrate [those various levels], causing the [various] powers to arise. But even without practice, in the [rare] case of an instantaneous immersion into That, one obtains the state of liberation-in-life through the process of the direct experience of [the Five Mystic States]: Bliss, Ascent, Trembling (kampa), Sleep, and ‘Whirling,’ which means Pervasion”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Kampa (कम्प) refers to a “small thin band”. It is classified as a type of upāṅga (sub-moulds) as opposed to regular mouldings (aṃśa) commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭhāna (pedestal or base of a structure) or an upapīṭha (sub-structure, beneath the adhiṣṭhāna).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kampa (कम्प) is another name (synonym) for stambha, a Sanskrit technical term referring to “pillar”. These synonyms are defined in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.2), Mānasāra (verse 15.2-3), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.2) and Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (Kriya, verses 31.19-20).

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Kampa (कम्प) refers to “- 1. net (molding) §§ 3.6, 11, 13, 15, 25, 31. - 2. = kṣudra upāna (Aj) § 3.4.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kampa (कम्प).—Vibration of the larynx which produces thc sound.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kampa (कम्प) refers to the “trembling (of organs)”, as taught in the Ceṣṭita (“symptoms of snake-bites”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—Sage Kāśyapa adds a graphic description of the features of a fatally bitten victim. Blackish-blue coloured blood oozing from the site of a fatal snake-bite, thirst, sweat, stiffness of limbs, horripilation, trembling of organs (aṅga-kampa), ungainly appearance of lips and teeth, nasal speech, loss of consciousness and disfigurement—all these are surefire signs of a fatally bitten person.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kampa (कम्प) refers to “tremor”, mentioned in verse 4.8-9 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] From the suppression again of belching (result) anorexia, tremor [viz., kampa], oppression in the heart (region) and the chest, inflation, cough, and hiccup ; in this case the remedy (is) as in hiccup. [...]”.

Note: Some of the diseases have been named after their principal symptoms: aruci (“anorexia”) corresponding to yi-ga ’chus (“disturbed appetite”), kampa (“tremor”) to lus ’dar (“trembling body”), and vibandho hṛdayorasoḥ (“oppression in the heart region and the chest”) to sñiṅ daṅ braṅ ’gags (“oppressed heart region and chest”).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kampa (कम्प):—Tremor, to vibrate

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Kampa (कम्प) refers to a “tremor”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while discussing the outer signs of initiation: “The disciple who has been pierced by the (Supreme) Principle (experiences) the five-fold state. This is, joy (ānanda), an upward movement (udbhava), a tremor (kampa), sleep (nidrā) and inebriation (ghūrṇi) as the fifth”.

2) Kampa (कम्प) or Vimala refers to the Cremation Ground associated with Nāda, one of the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kampa (कम्प) refers to “trembling” (e.g., bhūmikampa—earthquake), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. [...] If the moon should appear like a bow, there will be war in the land; and those will succeed whose places lie in the direction of the bow-string. If the moon should appear stretched from north to south presenting the appearance of a carriage pole there will be earthquake [i.e., bhūmi-kampa] (within that month)”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kampa (कम्प) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kampa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: SOAS Research Online: Prekṣā meditation: History and Methods

Kaṃpa (कंप) refers to “shakeable”; as opposed to Akaṃpa—“unshakeable” which refers to one of the 46 qualities of the soul to be meditated on in the “Practice of Meditation on Liberated Souls (Siddhas)”, according to Jain texts like Ācārāṅga (5.6.123-140), Ṣaṭkhaṇḍāgama ( and Samayasāra (1.49).—The pure soul can be recognised by meditation on its true nature, represented by the liberated souls of the Siddhas. [...] The qualities of the soul to be meditated on as truly mine are: [e.g., My soul is un-shakeable (a-kaṃpa)] [...] The meditation on such extended fourty-five qualities of the pure soul presents the niśacaya-naya, which is aligned with Kundakunda’s approach.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Kampa (“bush of thorns”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Koravas (a nomad tribe of the North Arcot district). The Korava nomad tribe permeates the length of the Indian peninsula, through countries where many languages and dialects are spoken, are likely to be known by different names in different localities.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kampā : (f.) trembling; movement.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kampa, (-°) (fr. kamp) trembling, shaking; tremor DA. I, 130 (paṭhavi°); Sdhp. 401; (adj.) not trembling, unshaken; calm, tranquil Sdhp. 594; Mhvs 15, 175. (Page 189)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kampa (कंप).—m (S) Tremor, trembling, shaking. 2 In music or singing. Shake or quaver.

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kāmpa (कांप).—m (kampa S) Shivering, quaking, trembling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kampa (कंप).—m Tremor, shaking. Shake or quaver.

--- OR ---

kāmpa (कांप).—m Shivering, trembling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—[kamp-ghañ]

1) Shaking, tremor; कम्पेन किंचित्प्रतिगृह्य मूर्घ्नः (kampena kiṃcitpratigṛhya mūrghnaḥ) R.13.44 with a gentle nod or bend of the head; 13.28; Kumārasambhava 7.46; भयकम्पः, विद्युत्कम्पः (bhayakampaḥ, vidyutkampaḥ) &c.

2) A modification of the Svarita accent.

-pā Shaking, moving, tremor.

Derivable forms: kampaḥ (कम्पः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—m.

(-mpaḥ) Tremour, trembling, shaking. E. kapi to shake, and ac affix; also kampana, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—[kamp + a], m. Trembling, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 50.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampa (कम्प).—[masculine] trembling, shaking, [especially] earthquake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kampa (कम्प):—[from kamp] m. trembling, tremor, trembling motion, shaking, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] earthquake (cf. bhūmi-kampa, mahī-k, etc.)

3) [v.s. ...] tremulous or thrilling pronunciation (a modification of the Svarita accent which may take place if the Svarita syllable is followed by an Udātta syllable), [Nirukta, by Yāska etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of time (in mus.)

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampa (कम्प):—(mpaḥ) 1. m. Tremor.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kampa (कम्प) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃpa, Kaṃpa, Vicchola.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kampa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kaṃpa (कंप) [Also spelled kamp]:—(nm) see [kaṃpana].

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kaṃpa (कंप) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kamp.

2) Kaṃpa (कंप) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kampa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṃpa (ಕಂಪ):—[noun] a firm, fine-grained earth, plastic when wet, composed chiefly of hydrous aluminium silicate minerals, which is produced by the chemical decomposition of rocks or the deposit of fine rock particles in water and is used in the manufacture of bricks, pottery, and other ceramics; clay.

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Kaṃpa (ಕಂಪ):—[noun] the act, condition or an instance of trembling; a trembling, shaking or shivering.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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