Kamini, Kāminī: 16 definitions
Kamini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Kāminī (कामिनी).—A group of women who came from the mouth of Asura Bala when he yawned.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 16.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Kāminī (कामिनी) refers to the seventeenth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (e.g., Kāminī) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
1) Kāminī (कामिनी) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Kāminī corresponds to Taragavatī. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
2) Kāminī (कामिनी) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Kāminī) in 20 verses.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Kāminī (कामिनी) is the name of a meter belonging to the Uṣṇik class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of seven syllables short syllables alternating with long ones, is kāminī”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Kāminī (कामिनी) is another name for Vandāka, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.68-70 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Kāminī and Vandāka, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Nāḍkarṇī identifies Vandāka with 1) Vanda roxburghii R. Br. while Th. B.S. et al identifies it with 2) Loranthus longiflorus Desr. of.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Kāminī (कामिनी) refers to “passionate”.—Here in the holy site of Kāmarūpa, the goddess’s spiritual energy is particularly intense, even the goddess is amazed to perceive the intensity of her arousal and for a moment is ‘deluded’, loosing consciousness, overawed by the powerful beauty of her own form reflected in the goddess of the place. Here she is young and passionate (kāminī) and what she reveals gives even the god who merely beholds her here 'the attainment of the fruit of the bliss of passion', that is, the empowering energy of the Transmission. Spiritually aroused and arousing in this way, she is accordingly called Kāmeśvarī—‘the Mistress of Passion’.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Kāminī (कामिनी) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kāminī).Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Kāminī (कामिनी) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Kāminī stands in the north-east of the middle circle. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Kāminī (कामिनी) is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Māyāpura: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Her weapons are the vajra and śakti. Furthermore, Kāminī is accompanied by the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) named Bhīma and their abode is a bhūta-tree.Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
1) Kāminī (कामिनी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Jñānaḍāka forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Kāminī] and Vīras each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.
2) Kāminī (कामिनी) is also the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Kāmin forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jñānacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Kāminī] and Vīras are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kāmiṇī (कामिणी).—f Jaundice. See kāmīṇa. 2 (Incorrect for kāminī) A woman.
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kāminī (कामिनी).—f (S) and in poetry, kāminā or ṇā f An amorous woman, a loving or a beloved woman, a mistress. 2 A woman gen. Ex. gauḍī mādhvī paiṣṭhī || tīna madya pragaṭa janīṃ || cauthēṃ madya tēṃ kā0 || durgandha nhāṇī pāpācī ||.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kāminī (कामिनी).—name of a goddess: Sādhanamālā 502.8.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kāminī (कामिनी):—[from kāmin > kāma] a f. a loving or affectionate woman, [Manu-smṛti viii, 112; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta; Harivaṃśa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a timid woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] a woman in general, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] a form of Devī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
5) [v.s. ...] the plant Vanda Roxburghii, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] the plant Curcuma aromatica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a spirituous liquor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] b (f. of kāmin q.v.)Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kāminī (कामिनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kāmiṇī.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Kāminī (कामिनी):—(nf) a (lustful) woman; beautiful lady.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Kāmiṇī (कामिणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kāminī.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+25): Kaminisha, Pratikamini, Veshyakamini, Dikkamini, Khakamini, Kaminipriya, Kaminikanta, Kamin, Ambudhikamini, Ambudhakamini, Surakamini, Ratinaga, Lepakamini, Khabhranti, Alingita, Kaminika, Galitayauvana, Sahacarabhinnata, Vinivesa, Bhamini.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Kamini, Kāminī, Kāmiṇī, Kāmiṇi, Kāmini; (plurals include: Kaminis, Kāminīs, Kāmiṇīs, Kāmiṇis, Kāminis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 20 - Merit from Gift of Lands < [Section 1 - Veṅkaṭācala-māhātmya]
Chapter 259 - Prayer to the Bull < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - Pretas (hungry ghosts) and water < [Chapter XLVI - Venerating with the Roots of Good]
3. The object, subjective creation and emptiness < [Part 12 - Non-existence of the outer object]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)