Anukampa, aka: Anukampā; 8 Definition(s)


Anukampa means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Anukampa in Jainism glossaries]

Anukampā (अनुकम्पा, “compassion”) refers to “compassion towards living beings (bhūta) in general” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas extending pleasant feelings (sātāvedanīya).

Anukampā is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Anukampā (अनुकम्पा, “compassion”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the liṅga and guṇa heading, according to various Jain authors (eg., Cāmuṇḍarāya, Amitagati and Vasunandin). Hemacandra, in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.15, defines anukampā as the desire to eliminate suffering: in this compassion for those in misery no partiality may be shown, for even a tiger will manifest affection for its own offspring. In its material aspect this virtue takes the form of practical steps to remedy suffering where one has the power and in its non-material aspect it expresses itself in tenderness of heart. It is, as Āśādhara stresses, the root of the whole sacred doctrine (Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta verse 1.4).

(Source): Jaina Yoga

Anukampā (अनुकम्पा).—What is meant by compassion (anukampā) towards living beings in general (bhūta)? Developing fellow feelings or distress at the sufferings of all other living beings and to consider their suffering as your own is general-compassion.

What is meant by compassion (anukampā) towards the devout (vrati) in particular? Developing special feelings or distress at the sufferings of householders practising minor vows (aṇuvratas) and the ascetics practising major vows (mahāvratas) and observing self control and to consider their suffering as own is devout-compassion in particular.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Anukampā (अनुकम्पा).—What is anukampā? Compassion or pity with the inclination of helping the sufferer is anukampā.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Anukampa in Pali glossaries]

anukampā : (f.) compassion; pity.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anukampā, (f.) (abstr. fr. anukampati) compassion, pity, mercy D.I, 204; M.I, 161; II, 113; S.I, 206; II, 274 (loka°); IV, 323; v.259 sq.; A.I, 64, 92; II, 159; III, 49; IV, 139; Pug.35. — Often in Abl. anukampāya out of pity, for the sake of D.III, 211 (loka° out of compassion for all mankind, + atthaya hitāya); J.III, 280; PvA.47, 147. (Page 34)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Anukampa in Marathi glossaries]

anukampā (अनुकंपा).—f (S) Tenderness, compassion, pitifulness.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anukampā (अनुकंपा).—f Tenderness, compassion.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bhūtānukampā (भूतानुकम्पा).—compassion for all beings; भूतानुकम्पा तव चेत् (bhūtānukampā tava c...
Loka (लोक).—Origin of Loka. There are several views in the Purāṇas regarding the origin of Loka...
Vihāra (विहार, “monastary”) forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at b...
Metta, (adj. nt.) (cp. Vedic maitra “belonging to Mitra”; Epic Sk. maitra “friendly, ” fr. mit...
1) A (अ).—The first letter (Vowel) of all Indian languages. According to the Nānārtharatnamālā ...
Sarāga (सराग, “with attachment”) refers to one of the two types of right faith (samyagdarśana)....
Anuddayā, (& anudayā) (f.) (anu + dayā) compassion, pity, mercy, care Vin.II, 196; S.I, 204; ...
karaṇīya (करणीय).—a S (Proper or fit) to be done.
Metta Sutta
Metta, (adj. nt.) (cp. Vedic maitra “belonging to Mitra”; Epic Sk. maitra “friendly, ” fr. mit...
Sānukampa (सानुकम्प).—a. Feeling pity, sympathising, kind.Derivable forms: sānukampaḥ (सानुकम्प...
Metta Vagga
Mettā, (f.) (abstr. fr. mitra=mitta, cp. Vedic maitraṃ. According to Asl. 192 (cp. Expos. 258) ...
Sātāvedanīya (सातावेदनीय) or Sātavedanīya refers to “pleasant feeling” and represents one of th...
Anurakkhā, (f.) (= anurakkhaṇā) guarding, protection, preservation S.IV, 323 (anuddayā a. anuka...
Metta Theri
Mettā, (f.) (abstr. fr. mitra=mitta, cp. Vedic maitraṃ. According to Asl. 192 (cp. Expos. 258) ...
Anukampati, (anu + kampati) to have pity on, to commiserate, to pity, to sympathise with (c. Ac...

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