Hima, Himā: 33 definitions


Hima means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hima (हिम):—Another name for Karpūra (Cinnamomum camphora), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Hima in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Prunus cerasoides Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don from the Rosaceae (Rose) family having the following synonyms: Cerasus cerasoides, Prunus puddum, Cerasus puddum. For the possible medicinal usage of hima, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: The Yoga of Herbs

Hima (हिम, “cold infusion”).—Cold infusion requires letting the herbs stand in cold water. Usually more time is required for this than for a hot infusion (phāṇṭa)—at least an hour. It is also best to let the herbs stand overnight. This method is necessary for delicate and aromatic herbs, particularly those with cooling energy or refrigerant properties. Cold infusion is best for cooling therapy and reducing high Pitta condittions. Such herbs as hibiscus, jasmine, mint and sandalwood are prepared in this manner.

The infusion method is usually best for powders, as they release their properties more quickly than raw herbs. Cold infusion is better for anti-Pitta action; otherwise hot infusion is usually best.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Hima (हिम) refers to “cold”, mentioned in verse 3.34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, (and which are) profuse in bunches of grapes clinging to spring-flowers in a rest-house in which (are found) plenty of cloths besprinkled with fragrant cold [viz., hima] water, [...]”.

Note: Hima (“cold”) has been reproduced by kha-ba, which usually corresponds either to tikta (“bitter”) or to kaṭu(ka) (“pungent”) (v. remarks on 1.14), but sometimes assumes the present meaning as well: thus in 6.138 (~hima, “coldness”), Suvarṇaprabhāsasūtra p. 155.22 (~hima, “snow”), Suvarṇaprabhāsasūtra pp. 35.19 & 178.14 (~tuṣāra, “snow”), etc. CD write khaṅ-pa instead of kha-ba, which again does not make sense here.

Source: Amala Ayurveda: Ayurveda Medicines

Hima or ‘cold infusion’ is usually used for treating disorders due to the pitta inbalance. It is prepared by seeping aromatic flowers and leaves and is usually made during the night time when there is maximum lunar energy. The ratio for preparation is 1 pala of powdered drug in 8 palas of cold water. The infusion is filtered in the morning and the dosage is 2 pala. For example, Drakshadi-sitha-kashaya.

Source: Ayurveda News: Panchavidha Kashaya Kalpana

Hima (Cold infusion): Hima is the cold infusion of fragrant or cold potency herbs which are intended to be used for Pitta problems. Fragrant herbs may lose their active principles by heating, hence for such type of drugs, Hima-kalpa is mentioned, by which active ingredients can be collected in cold infusion form. 1 part of the drug is immersed in 3 parts of water for 4 – 6 hours and then filtered and administered. Dose for internal use is 40 ml. Eg. Cold infusion of Coriander can be prepared and administered in conditions of reduce burning sensation and other Pitta disorders.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Hima (हिम) refers to “cold infusion” and is a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Hima (“cold infusion”) is prepared as follows:—One part of the powdered drug is steeped in six parts of water for overnight. It is squeezed and strained through a cloth in the morning.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Hima (हिम):—Cold touch

2) Cold infusion the squeezed and filtered liquid after steeping overnight the powdered material in 6 timesof cold water

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Himā (हिमा) is another name for Medā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.22-24 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Himā and Medā, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Hima (हिम, “cold”) or Śīta and Uṣṇa (“hot”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Hima (“cold”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of water and the associated actions of “cooling/stambhana”; while Uṣṇa (“hot”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of agni and is associated with the action “healing/svedana”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Hima (हिम) refers to “snow”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Śāmbhavī, the supreme (goddess) Khañjī is ever active (nityoditā) and without defect. [...] O Lord of the gods, she who is auspicious and supreme is attained by the teacher’s grace (prasāda). The crooked (Kuṇḍalinī), the milch cow of passion, she is the supreme energy who oozes (nectar). She is light, (perfectly white like) cow’s milk, snow and a jasmine flower [i.e., gokṣīra-hima-kunda-ābhā] and, full of the supreme nectar, she fills the triple world along with all that moves and is immobile. O sinless one, (she is) the Transmental who abides having pervaded the universe with the force of the mind (manovega)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Hima (हिम) refers to “(white like) snow”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult. Accordingly, “O goddess, Svacchanda is in the middle, within the abode of the triangle. Very powerful, he has five faces with three times five flaming eyes. [...] Īśāna is the upper face. Both supreme and inferior, its nature is creation. (White) like snow, jasmine and the moon [i.e., hima-kunda-indu-saṃkāśa], it is stainless like pure crystal. It nourishes the entire universe with its moon rays as it rains in a great torrent a stream of nectar-like (bliss). Contemplating Īśāna (in this way) one attains (all eight) yogic powers. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Hima (हिम) refers to “(mountain) snow”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 3.17-23, while describing a meditation on Amṛteśa in his form as Mṛtyujit]—“And so now, having constructed the amṛtāmudrā or the padmamudrā, [the mantrin] should meditate on the Ātman. The deity is equal in splendor [to that] of ten million moons, as bright as pellucid pearls, and as magnificent as quartz stone, he resembles drop of cow’s milk or jasmine, mountain snow (hima-adri-sadṛśa), and is everywhere. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Hima (हिम) denoting ‘cold’, ‘cold weather’ is quite common in the Rigveda, but less frequent later. As ‘snow’ the word appears as a masculine in the Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa, and often later as a neuter. Cf. Hemanta.

2) Himā (हिमा) denotes ‘winter’ in the combination a ‘hundred winters’ in the Rigveda and elsewhere.

Source: NISCAIR Online periodicals Repository: Health Drinks

Hima (Cold infusion) is obtained by putting one part of the crushed herb in six parts of water over night and then cold extract is obtained in the morning by rubbing the herb and filtering it.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Hima (हिम, “snow”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Snow (hima) and ice are forbidden because their consumption necessitates the destruction of ap-kāyas whilst they are not essential to life like water itself.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Hima (हिम) refers to “snow”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Truly, life perishes exceedingly quickly like water lying in the hand [and] youth perishes like snow [com.—like (iva) snow (himam)] passes from the petal of a lotus”.

Synonyms: Prāleya.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Hima in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum camphora in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cinnamomum camphora var. glaucescens (Braun) Meisn. (among others).

2) Hima is also identified with Oryza sativa It has the synonym Oryza sativa var. zeravschanica Brches ex Katzaroff (etc.).

3) Hima is also identified with Pterocarpus santalinus It has the synonym Lingoum santalinum (L.f.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Acta Genetica Sinica (1990)
· Chin. J. Rice Sci. (1996)
· Icones plantarum formosanarum nec non et contributiones ad floram formosanam. (1913)
· Indian Forester (1952)
· Aspects of Plant Sciences (1989)
· Nomenclator Botanicus (1821)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Hima, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hima : (nt.) snow; ice.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hima, (adj.-n.) (cp. Vedic hima; Gr. xeίma & xeimw/n winter, xiw/n snow; Av. ƶaya winter; Lat. hiems etc.) cold, frosty DhsA.317.—(nt.) ice, snow J.III, 55.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hima (हिम).—n (S) Hoar-frost, congelation of dew. 2 Cold or coldness (in the air or in bodies generally). 3 Coldness of sensation. 4 m n Cold infusion of simples or drugs. 5 m In Sanskrit. The moon; the Himalaya mountains; the Sandal tree; camphor &c.

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hima (हिम).—a S Cold.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hima (हिम).—n Hoar-frost. Coldness. m n Cold infusion of drugs. m (In Sanskrit.) The moon. The Himalayas. a Cold.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hima (हिम).—a. [hi-mak] Cold, frigid, frosty, dewy.

-maḥ 1 The cold season, winter.

2) The moon.

3) The Himālaya mountain.

4) The sandal tree.

5) Camphor.

-mam 1 Frost, hoar-frost; हिमनिर्मुक्तयोर्योगे चित्राचन्द्रमसोरिव (himanirmuktayoryoge citrācandramasoriva) R.1.46;9.25;9.28;15.66;16.44; Kirātārjunīya 5.12; अनन्तरत्न- प्रभवस्य यस्य हिमं न सौभाग्यविलोपि जातम् (anantaratna- prabhavasya yasya himaṃ na saubhāgyavilopi jātam) Kumārasambhava 1.3,11.

2) Cold, coldness.

3) A lotus.

4) Fresh butter.

5) A pearl.

6) Night.

7) Tin.

8) Sandal wood.

--- OR ---

Himā (हिमा).—

1) The cold season, winter.

2) Small cardamoms.

3) A kind of grass.

4) The fragrant drug and perfume called Reṇukā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Cold, frigid. n. (-ma) 1. Frost, hoar-frost. 2. Ice, snow. 3. Cold. 4. Sandal. 5. Fresh butter. 6. Tin. 7. A pearl. 8. A lotus. m.

(-maḥ) 1. The Sandal tree. 2. The moon. 3. Camphor. 4. The Himalaya mountain. 5. Winter. f.

(-mā) 1. Small cardamoms. 2. Renuka, a perfume. 3. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus.) E. han to hurt, mak Unadi aff., and hi substituted for the root.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम).— (i. e. lost hyam + a), I. adj. Cold, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 18. Ii. n. 1. Frost, show, [Pañcatantra] 169, 14. 2. Cold, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 165; coolness, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 100, 4. 3. Fresh butter. 4. Tin. 5. A pearl. 6. A lotus. 7. Sandal-wood. Iii. m. 1. The moon. 2. The Himālaya mountain. 3. Sandal. 4. Camphor. Iv. f. . 1. Winter (a year), Chr. 291, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 14. 2. Small cardamoms. 3. A fragrant grass, Cyperus. 4. A perfume.

— Cf. [Latin] hiems, hibernus (for himernus);

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम).—1. [masculine] the cold season, winter (also himā [feminine]); [neuter] snow, ice.

--- OR ---

Hima (हिम).—2. [adjective] cold, cool.

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Himā (हिमा).—[feminine] v. 1 hima.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hima (हिम):—[from him] m. cold, frost, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the cold season, winter, [Kālidāsa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] the sandal tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the moon (cf. hima-kara etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Himā (हिमा):—[from hima > him] a f. (only with śata) the cold season, winter (also = ‘a year’; cf. varṣa), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

7) [v.s. ...] (himā), night, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 7]

8) [v.s. ...] (himā, only, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), cardamoms

9) [v.s. ...] Cyperus Rotundus and another species

10) [v.s. ...] Trigonella Corniculata

11) [v.s. ...] a [particular] drug (= reṇukā)

12) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā

13) Hima (हिम):—[from him] n. frost, hoar-frost, snow (rarely ‘ice’), [ṢaḍvBr.] etc. etc.

14) [v.s. ...] sandal-wood (of cooling properties), [Suśruta]

15) [v.s. ...] the wood of Cerasus Puddum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] tin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] a pearl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] fresh butter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] a lotus, [Horace H. Wilson]

20) [v.s. ...] Name of a Varṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. cold, cool, [Jātakamālā]

22) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] zima; [Greek] (δύς) χιμος; χιών, χειμών; [Latin] bīmus for bihimus; hiems; [Slavonic or Slavonian] zima Lit. żëmà

23) Himā (हिमा):—[from him] b f. See under hima, p. 1298, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम):—(maṃ) 1. n. Frost, cold; sandal; fresh butter; tin; a pearl; a lotus. m. Sandal tree; moon; camphor; Himālaya. 1. f. Small cardamoms; a perfume; a fragrant grass. a. Cold, frigid.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hima (हिम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hima.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hima in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hima (हिम) [Also spelled him]:—(nm) snow, ice; frost; ~[kaṃduka] a snow-ball; ~[kaṇa] a snow-particle; ~[kara] the moon; ~[kāla] ice age; ~[kṣetra] snowfield, ~[giri] the Himalayas; —[cādara] an ice-sheet; ~[cchada] an ice-cap; -[jhaṃjhāvāta] a snow-storm; ~[nada] an esker; ~[nadī] a glacier, an ice-river; ~[puṃja] an ice-pack; ~[pāta/prapāta] ice/snow-fall; ~[baddha] ice-bound, snow bound; ~[bādhita] ice/snow-bound; -[mānava] snow-man; ~[yuga] the ice-age; ~[lava] snow flakes; —[rekhā] snow-line; ~[laṃba] icicle; ~[vartikā] icicle; ~[varṣā] freezing rain; snow fall; ~[vṛṣṭi] snow-fall; ~[śikhara] ice-cap; ~[śaila] an iceberg; ~[śveta] snowhite; -[saṃcaya/saṃghāta] a snow-heap; ~[sāgara] an ice-sea; -[sphaṭika] ice-crystal.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Hima (हिम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Hima.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hima (ಹಿಮ):—

1) [adjective] cold; freezing.

2) [adjective] covered with or as with frost; hoary, glistening, etc.; frosty.

--- OR ---

Hima (ಹಿಮ):—

1) [noun] the coldest season of the year (from mid-November to mid-February); winter.

2) [noun] the moon.

3) [noun] the Himalayan mountains.

4) [noun] the sandal wood tree (Santalum album).

5) [noun] a volatile, crystalline ketone, with a strong characteristic odour, derived from the wood of the camphor tree; camphor.

6) [noun] a large mass of water vapour condensed to fine particles, at or just above the earth’s surface, that obscures the long vision; fog.

7) [noun] frozen water; crystalline, brittle form of water made solid by cold; ice.

8) [noun] absence of warmth; coldness.

9) [noun] fresh butter.

10) [noun] a pearl.

11) [noun] the dark part of the day; a night.

12) [noun] a soft, silver-white, crystalline, metallic chemical element, malleable at ordinary temperatures, capable of a high polish, and used as an alloy in tin foils, solders, utensils, type metals, super-conducting magnets, etc. and in making tin plate (symbol Sn.); tin.

13) [noun] Śiva.

14) [noun] a king; a ruler.

15) [noun] ambrosia, the food of gods.

16) [noun] water.

17) [noun] the colour of pure snow; white colour.

18) [noun] the saffron colour.

19) [noun] good reputation; renown; fame.

20) [noun] the quality of being prominent or imporant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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