Hima, Himā: 23 definitions



Hima means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hima (हिम):—Another name for Karpūra (Cinnamomum camphora), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Google Books: The Yoga of Herbs

Hima (हिम, “cold infusion”).—Cold infusion requires letting the herbs stand in cold water. Usually more time is required for this than for a hot infusion (phāṇṭa)—at least an hour. It is also best to let the herbs stand overnight. This method is necessary for delicate and aromatic herbs, particularly those with cooling energy or refrigerant properties. Cold infusion is best for cooling therapy and reducing high Pitta condittions. Such herbs as hibiscus, jasmine, mint and sandalwood are prepared in this manner.

The infusion method is usually best for powders, as they release their properties more quickly than raw herbs. Cold infusion is better for anti-Pitta action; otherwise hot infusion is usually best.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Hima (हिम) refers to “cold”, mentioned in verse 3.34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, (and which are) profuse in bunches of grapes clinging to spring-flowers in a rest-house in which (are found) plenty of cloths besprinkled with fragrant cold [viz., hima] water, [...]”.

Note: Hima (“cold”) has been reproduced by kha-ba, which usually corresponds either to tikta (“bitter”) or to kaṭu(ka) (“pungent”) (v. remarks on 1.14), but sometimes assumes the present meaning as well: thus in 6.138 (~hima, “coldness”), Suvarṇaprabhāsasūtra p. 155.22 (~hima, “snow”), Suvarṇaprabhāsasūtra pp. 35.19 & 178.14 (~tuṣāra, “snow”), etc. CD write khaṅ-pa instead of kha-ba, which again does not make sense here.

Source: Amala Ayurveda: Ayurveda Medicines

Hima or ‘cold infusion’ is usually used for treating disorders due to the pitta inbalance. It is prepared by seeping aromatic flowers and leaves and is usually made during the night time when there is maximum lunar energy. The ratio for preparation is 1 pala of powdered drug in 8 palas of cold water. The infusion is filtered in the morning and the dosage is 2 pala. For example, Drakshadi-sitha-kashaya.

Source: Ayurveda News: Panchavidha Kashaya Kalpana

Hima (Cold infusion): Hima is the cold infusion of fragrant or cold potency herbs which are intended to be used for Pitta problems. Fragrant herbs may lose their active principles by heating, hence for such type of drugs, Hima-kalpa is mentioned, by which active ingredients can be collected in cold infusion form. 1 part of the drug is immersed in 3 parts of water for 4 – 6 hours and then filtered and administered. Dose for internal use is 40 ml. Eg. Cold infusion of Coriander can be prepared and administered in conditions of reduce burning sensation and other Pitta disorders.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Hima (हिम) refers to “cold infusion” and is a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Hima (“cold infusion”) is prepared as follows:—One part of the powdered drug is steeped in six parts of water for overnight. It is squeezed and strained through a cloth in the morning.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Hima (हिम):—Cold touch

2) Cold infusion the squeezed and filtered liquid after steeping overnight the powdered material in 6 timesof cold water

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Himā (हिमा) is another name for Medā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.22-24 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Himā and Medā, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Hima (हिम) denoting ‘cold’, ‘cold weather’ is quite common in the Rigveda, but less frequent later. As ‘snow’ the word appears as a masculine in the Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa, and often later as a neuter. Cf. Hemanta.

2) Himā (हिमा) denotes ‘winter’ in the combination a ‘hundred winters’ in the Rigveda and elsewhere.

Source: NISCAIR Online periodicals Repository: Health Drinks

Hima (Cold infusion) is obtained by putting one part of the crushed herb in six parts of water over night and then cold extract is obtained in the morning by rubbing the herb and filtering it.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Hima (हिम, “snow”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Snow (hima) and ice are forbidden because their consumption necessitates the destruction of ap-kāyas whilst they are not essential to life like water itself.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hima : (nt.) snow; ice.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hima, (adj.-n.) (cp. Vedic hima; Gr. xeίma & xeimw/n winter, xiw/n snow; Av. ƶaya winter; Lat. hiems etc.) cold, frosty DhsA.317.—(nt.) ice, snow J.III, 55.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hima (हिम).—n (S) Hoar-frost, congelation of dew. 2 Cold or coldness (in the air or in bodies generally). 3 Coldness of sensation. 4 m n Cold infusion of simples or drugs. 5 m In Sanskrit. The moon; the Himalaya mountains; the Sandal tree; camphor &c.

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hima (हिम).—a S Cold.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hima (हिम).—n Hoar-frost. Coldness. m n Cold infusion of drugs. m (In Sanskrit.) The moon. The Himalayas. a Cold.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hima (हिम).—a. [hi-mak] Cold, frigid, frosty, dewy.

-maḥ 1 The cold season, winter.

2) The moon.

3) The Himālaya mountain.

4) The sandal tree.

5) Camphor.

-mam 1 Frost, hoar-frost; हिमनिर्मुक्तयोर्योगे चित्राचन्द्रमसोरिव (himanirmuktayoryoge citrācandramasoriva) R.1.46;9.25;9.28;15.66;16.44; Ki.5.12; अनन्तरत्न- प्रभवस्य यस्य हिमं न सौभाग्यविलोपि जातम् (anantaratna- prabhavasya yasya himaṃ na saubhāgyavilopi jātam) Ku.1.3,11.

2) Cold, coldness.

3) A lotus.

4) Fresh butter.

5) A pearl.

6) Night.

7) Tin.

8) Sandal wood.

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Himā (हिमा).—

1) The cold season, winter.

2) Small cardamoms.

3) A kind of grass.

4) The fragrant drug and perfume called Reṇukā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Cold, frigid. n. (-ma) 1. Frost, hoar-frost. 2. Ice, snow. 3. Cold. 4. Sandal. 5. Fresh butter. 6. Tin. 7. A pearl. 8. A lotus. m.

(-maḥ) 1. The Sandal tree. 2. The moon. 3. Camphor. 4. The Himalaya mountain. 5. Winter. f.

(-mā) 1. Small cardamoms. 2. Renuka, a perfume. 3. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus.) E. han to hurt, mak Unadi aff., and hi substituted for the root.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम).— (i. e. lost hyam + a), I. adj. Cold, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 18. Ii. n. 1. Frost, show, [Pañcatantra] 169, 14. 2. Cold, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 165; coolness, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 100, 4. 3. Fresh butter. 4. Tin. 5. A pearl. 6. A lotus. 7. Sandal-wood. Iii. m. 1. The moon. 2. The Himālaya mountain. 3. Sandal. 4. Camphor. Iv. f. . 1. Winter (a year), Chr. 291, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 14. 2. Small cardamoms. 3. A fragrant grass, Cyperus. 4. A perfume.

— Cf. [Latin] hiems, hibernus (for himernus);

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम).—1. [masculine] the cold season, winter (also himā [feminine]); [neuter] snow, ice.

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Hima (हिम).—2. [adjective] cold, cool.

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Himā (हिमा).—[feminine] v. 1 hima.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hima (हिम):—[from him] m. cold, frost, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the cold season, winter, [Kālidāsa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] the sandal tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the moon (cf. hima-kara etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Himā (हिमा):—[from hima > him] a f. (only with śata) the cold season, winter (also = ‘a year’; cf. varṣa), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

7) [v.s. ...] (himā), night, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 7]

8) [v.s. ...] (himā, only, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), cardamoms

9) [v.s. ...] Cyperus Rotundus and another species

10) [v.s. ...] Trigonella Corniculata

11) [v.s. ...] a [particular] drug (= reṇukā)

12) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā

13) Hima (हिम):—[from him] n. frost, hoar-frost, snow (rarely ‘ice’), [ṢaḍvBr.] etc. etc.

14) [v.s. ...] sandal-wood (of cooling properties), [Suśruta]

15) [v.s. ...] the wood of Cerasus Puddum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] tin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] a pearl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] fresh butter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] a lotus, [Horace H. Wilson]

20) [v.s. ...] Name of a Varṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. cold, cool, [Jātakamālā]

22) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] zima; [Greek] (δύς) χιμος; χιών, χειμών; [Latin] bīmus for bihimus; hiems; [Slavonic or Slavonian] zima Lit. żëmà

23) Himā (हिमा):—[from him] b f. See under hima, p. 1298, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hima (हिम):—(maṃ) 1. n. Frost, cold; sandal; fresh butter; tin; a pearl; a lotus. m. Sandal tree; moon; camphor; Himālaya. 1. f. Small cardamoms; a perfume; a fragrant grass. a. Cold, frigid.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Hima (हिम):—

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Himā (हिमा):—(vgl. hima) f. die kalte Zeit, Winter, зима: hundert Winter (nur in dieser Verbindung) [Ṛgveda 1, 64, 14. 2, 33, 2. 5, 54, 15. 6, 48, 8.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 2, 27.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 2, 28, 4. 12, 2, 28.] — Vgl. śatahima und unter hima .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hima (हिम) [Also spelled him]:—(nm) snow, ice; frost; ~[kaṃduka] a snow-ball; ~[kaṇa] a snow-particle; ~[kara] the moon; ~[kāla] ice age; ~[kṣetra] snowfield, ~[giri] the Himalayas; —[cādara] an ice-sheet; ~[cchada] an ice-cap; -[jhaṃjhāvāta] a snow-storm; ~[nada] an esker; ~[nadī] a glacier, an ice-river; ~[puṃja] an ice-pack; ~[pāta/prapāta] ice/snow-fall; ~[baddha] ice-bound, snow bound; ~[bādhita] ice/snow-bound; -[mānava] snow-man; ~[yuga] the ice-age; ~[lava] snow flakes; —[rekhā] snow-line; ~[laṃba] icicle; ~[vartikā] icicle; ~[varṣā] freezing rain; snow fall; ~[vṛṣṭi] snow-fall; ~[śikhara] ice-cap; ~[śaila] an iceberg; ~[śveta] snowhite; -[saṃcaya/saṃghāta] a snow-heap; ~[sāgara] an ice-sea; -[sphaṭika] ice-crystal.

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