by J. L. Shastri | 1970 | 616,585 words
This page relates “nineteen incarnations of shiva” as found in the Shiva-purana, which, in Hinduism, represents one of the eighteen Mahapuranas. This work eulogizes Lord Shiva as the supreme deity, besides topics such as cosmology and philosophy. It is written in Sanskrit and claims to be a redaction of an original text consisting of 100,000 metrical verses.
5-6. In the twelfth aeon, there will be Śatatejas Vyāsa. I will be born in the Kali age at the end of Dvāpara adopting golden bodice. I shall be wandering for rendering help to Vyāsa as the reviver of the path of renunciation.
12-13. In the fifteenth aeon of Dvāpara, there will be Trayyāruṇi Vyāsa. I shall be born as Vedaśiras with a powerful weapon. Vedaśīrṣa is a mountain on the top of Himavat on the northern bank of Sarasvatī.
16. It is there itself that the holy forest Gokarṇa exists. There also four Yogin sons will be born of me.
18-19. In the seventeenth aeon, there will be Devakṛtañjaya Vyāsa. I shall be born in the name of Guhāvāsin. There is a snow-covered Śiva temple on the lofty summit of Himavat. The sons are Utathya, Vāmadeva, Mahāyoga and Mahābala.
21. In the very sacred holy centre of achievements there is the mountain Śikhaṇḍin, where the forest is resorted to by the Siddhas.
22. These four will be born as the sons, the sages Vācaśśravas, Rucīka, Śyāvāsya and Yatīśvara.
23-24. In the nineteenth aeon, there will be Bharadvāja Vyāsa. Then I shall be born as Jaṭī and Mālin. On the summit of Himavat, my sons will be four in number named Hiraṇyanāmā, Kauśalya, Lokākṣin and Praghima.
25. In the twentieth aeon, there will be Vyāsa Gautama. My name will be Aṭṭahāsa. Men are fond of Aṭṭahāsa (loud boisterous laughter).
37. In the twenty-fifth aeon, there will be Śakti Vyāsa. I shall be the great Yogin, lord Muṇḍiśvara armed with a staff.
43-44. In the twenty-eighth aeon of Dvāpara, there will be Dvaipāyana Vyāsa, the son of Parāśara, and the most excellent of Puruṣas shall be born as Kṛṣṇa with his one sixth part, as the foremost of the sons of Vasudeva.
46-47. On seeing a dead body forsaken in the cremation ground I shall enter into it and make it free from ailments by means of Yogic Māyā for the welfare of the brahmins. Then I will enter the holy divine cavern of Meru along with you and Viṣṇu. O Brahmā, I shall then be known as Lakulin.
48. The physical incarnation thus and the holy Siddha centre will be greatly renowned as long as the earth lasts.
52. O great lord, the Vyāsas in every recurring Dvāpara are twenty-eight in number. The Yogeśvara incarnations at the beginning of every recurring Kali age are also so many.
53. In each of the incarnations of Yogeśvara, there are four disciples who make the path of Yoga flourish and who are eternal as well as great devotees of Śiva.
55. All the disciples are pious and well-versed in the Vedas and Vedāṅgas; they are devoted both externally and internally to the worship of the phallic image of Śiva.
56. By their devotion to me and by means of Yoga they are engaged in meditation; they have perfect control over the sense-organs. They are considered one hundred and twelve in number by the learned.
57. Thus I have mentioned the characteristic features of the incarnations from Manu to Kṛṣṇa in the twenty-eighth recurring cycles of the Yoga in order.
58. The classification of the Vedas was the characteristic sign of the Kalpa when Kṛṣṇa Dvaipāyana became the chief redactor.
59. After saying this and blessing Brahmā, the great lord of the gods glanced at again and vanished there itself.
Footnotes and references:
Bhṛgutuṅga is one of the peaks of the Himalayas. According to Varāhapurāṇa (ch. 146.45-46) it is a mountain in Nepal on the eastern bank of the Gandaka where the sage Bhṛgu had a hermitage. The Vāmanapurāṇa (81.33) locates it near the Vitastā and Himavat. See ‘Geographical Encyclopedia of Ancient and Medieval India’ (Bajpai) Part I P. 70.
Gaṅgādvāra represents modern Haradvāra, It is also known by various names like Mokṣadvāra, Haridvāra and Māyāpura. Cp Sk iv. 1.7.114.
kecidūcurharidvāraṃ mokṣadvāraṃ tataḥ pare |
gaṅgādvāraṃ ca ke'pyāhūḥ kecana māyāpuraṃ punaḥ ||
The location of Gandhamādana is highly controversial. See PP. 405, 623. Most probably it refers to that part of the Himālayas on which the Badarikāśrama is situated.
See P. 47 note.
Gokarṇa, “cow’s ear” is a town sacred to Śiva in Nepal on the Bāgamatī river. There is also a sacred hill of this name on the western ghat near Goa. It cannot be ascertained which of the two is meant here.
This peak of the Himālayas has not been identified so far.
Dāruvana or Dārukāvana or Deva Dāruvana is a part of the Himālaya mountain near Badrinath. See Mbh xiii. 25. 27. See also P. 411 note.
See P. 266 note.
It has not been possible to identify this mountain.
See P. 76 note.
The town has not been identified.
Prabhāsa is a celebrated place of pilgrimage in Saurāṣṭra, the southern part of Kathiawar.
For the identification of Mount Meru see P. 310 note and P. 623 note.