Hidimba, Hiḍimba, Hiḍimbā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Hidimba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब).—A Rākṣasa who fought with Bhīma and was killed. This incident is mentioned in the Ādi Parva of the Mahābhārata.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Hiḍimbā (हिडिम्बा):—One of the wifes of Bhīma (one of the sons of Pāṇḍu). She bore to him a son named Ghaṭotkaca. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.30-31)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब).—A Rākṣasa, whom the Pāṇḍavas confronted in the forest after their escape from the lac palace. Bhīma killed him and married his sister, Hiḍiṃbī. Ghaṭotkaca was Bhīma’s son by Hiḍiṃbī. (For details see Ghaṭotkaca).

2) Hiḍimbā (हिडिम्बा).—(HIḌIMBĪ). Mother of Ghaṭotkaca. (See Ghaṭotkaca).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Hiḍimbā (हिडिम्बा).—A wife of Bhīma and mother of Ghaṭotkaca.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 30-31; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 247; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 45.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Hiḍimbā (हिडिम्बा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.77) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hiḍimbā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Hidimba in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Hiḍimbā (हिडिम्बा) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The river in the western India described by the Kāvyamīmāṃsā. This river may be identified with Chambal or Carmaṇavati, which rises from the vindhyas, flows through the western India and meets with the Yamunā near the Ekacakra which is adjacent to Etawah. This river flows through the Hidimba forest and identified as an alternative measure, with the river Gambhira which is a tributary of the river Śiprā in central India.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Hidimbā (हिडिम्‍बा): A powerful Asura, who had yellow eyes and a horrible aspect. He was a cannibal, and dwelt in the forest to which the Pandavas retired after the burning of their house. He had a sister named Hidimbi, whom he sent to lure the Pandavas to him; but on meeting with Bhima, she fell in love with him. By his mother's desire Bhima married her, and by her had a son named Ghatotkacha.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Hiḍimba] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hiḍimbā (हिडिंबा).—f S See the derivative hēḍambā.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब).—Name of a demon slain by Bhīma.

-mbā 1 The sister of Hiḍimba who married Bhīma.

2) The wife of Hanumat; cf. epithets like हिडिम्बापतिः, -रमणः (hiḍimbāpatiḥ, -ramaṇaḥ).

Derivable forms: hiḍimbaḥ (हिडिम्बः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब) or Hiḍamba.—m.

(-mbaḥ) A prince of the Rakshasas slain by Bhima. f.

(-mbā) The sister of Hid'Imba carried off by Bhima.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब).—I. m. The name of a Rākṣasa, [Hiḍimbavadha] 2, 1 (read hiḍº). Ii. f. , His sister, ib. 15 (read hiḍº).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब).—[masculine] ā [feminine] [Name] of a Rākṣasa & his sister.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब):—m. Name of a gigantic Rākṣasa slain by Bhīma, [Mahābhārata]

2) Hiḍimbā (हिडिम्बा):—[from hiḍimba] a f. See below.

3) [from hiḍimba] b f. Hiḍimba’s sister (who changed herself into a beautiful woman and married Bhīma; he had a son by her named Ghaṭôtkaca), [Mahābhārata; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] the wife of Hanumat (See [compound])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब):—(mbaḥ) 1. m. A Rākshasa prince slain by Bhima. 1. f. His daughter. Also spelt hiḍamba.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Hiḍimba (हिडिम्ब):—

1) m. Nomen proprium eines von Bhīmasena erschlagenen Rākṣasa [Mahābhārata 1, 2253.] vadha [5927. fgg.] jit Beiname Bhīmasena’s [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 15.] niṣūdana desgl. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 708.] bhid desgl. [BHŪRIPRAYOGA im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium der Schwester Hiḍimba’s, mit der Bhīmasena den Ghatotkaca zeugte, [Mahābhārata 1, 380. 2255. 2452. 5940. fgg. 3, 554. fgg.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 17, 57.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 22, 30.] pati m. Bez. Hanumant's [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] ramaṇa desgl. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 7.] — Vgl. haiḍimba fg.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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