Dvadashanga, Dvādaśāṅga, Dvadasha-anga: 3 definitions


Dvadashanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dvādaśāṅga can be transliterated into English as Dvadasanga or Dvadashanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Dvadashanga in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Dvādaśāṅga (द्वादशाङ्ग, “twelvefold classification”):—The division of the scriptures into twelve aṅgas is largely predominant in the Buddhism of the Sanskrit language, both Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna, and the twelve members are often cited in the following manner, that of the Mahāvyutpatti (no. 1267–1278):

  1. sūtra,
  2. geya,
  3. vyākaraṇa,
  4. gāthā,
  5. udāna, 
  6. nidāna,
  7. avadāna,
  8. itivṛttaka, 
  9. jātaka,
  10. vaipulya
  11. adbhutadharma,
  12. upadeśa.

Three members are added to the preceding list: nidāna, introduction showing the circumstances incidental to the speech; avadāna, story of a feat; upadeśa, systematic instruction. Two words have been sanskritized: vedalla, of obscure meaning, has been replaced here by vaipulya, ‘developed text’; itivuttaka ‘thus has it been said’ is sanskritized as ityuktaka, having the same meaning, or hyper-sanskritized as itivṛttaka ‘thus has it happened.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Dvādaśāṅga (द्वादशाङ्ग) refers to the “twelve links (of dependent origination)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The sphere of mind (manas) is the realm of the Buddha, and in the realm of the Buddha there is no nearness or farness. Why is that? This is because the realm of the Buddha is the transcendent realm, and the transcendent realm is beyond the realm of mind. It is the same case with the parts of personality, spheres, fields of sense perception, and the twelve links of dependent origination (dvādaśāṅga-pratītyasamutpāda). In this way, son of good family, the Bodhisattva enters into every realm as transcendent, and belonging to the realm of the Buddha. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of dvadashanga or dvadasanga in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dvadashanga in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4U: Acharanga Bhasyam

The 12 Āgamas compiled in the Dvādasāṅgi are known as Aṅga literature.


  1. sūtra
  2. jñeya
  3. vyākaraṇa
  4. gāthā
  5. udāna
  6. avadāna
  7. itivṛttaka
  8. nidāna
  9. vaipulya
  10. jātaka
  11. upadeśa dharma
  12. adbhutadharma.

The Jaina Aṅga Āgama is divided into 12 parts—

  1. ācāra
  2. sūtrakṛta
  3. sthāna
  4. samavāya
  5. bhagavatῑ
  6. jñātādharmakathā
  7. upāsakadaśā
  8. anākṛtadaśā
  9. anuttaropapātika
  10. praśnavyākaraṇa
  11. vipāka
  12. dṛṣṭivāda.
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of dvadashanga or dvadasanga in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

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