Dvandva, Dvamdva: 13 definitions


Dvandva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व).—Name of the compounds formed by two or more words used in the same case. A dvandva compound takes place either in the sense of mutual relationship or collection.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व) or Dvandvāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Santānāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Dvandva Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Santāna-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व) refers to “extremes”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] [And], O Goddess, [the Śivadharmadīkṣā] has two forms: in Śaiva scriptures the division of initiation is called that without the seed and that with the seed. [...] The sabījā is the opposite to this and is performed, O beautiful one, for those who are learned, endure extremes (dvandva-saha) and are able bodied. By those the rituals towards the Guru, the God and the fire have to be performed with extreme devotion, since the desired fruit will not come about for them who don’t do [these rites]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व):—Alloying

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व) refers to a “pair” (e.g., the feet), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“On hearing your words the couple thought them true. Both Menā and Himavat were much distressed. O sage, on hearing your words, and inferring that indications referred to Śiva, Pārvatī’s joy knew no bounds. Convinced that Nārada’s words could not be false, Śivā turned her mind and love to Śiva’s feet [i.e., śivapada-dvandva]. The lord of mountains who was very much grieved in mind spoke to you, ‘O Nārada, O sage, what is the way out? What shall I do? A great misery has befallen us’. On hearing that, O sage, you who are eloquent in speech, delighted Himavat by your sweet words of auspicious import and spoke to console him”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Dvandva in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व) refers to “two birds (flying together)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] When two birds fly together (dvandva-saṃcārin) and one is killed, the survivor mourns pitifully. This excites the emotion of sorrow. In the king, the lover’s emotion is discernible in two conditions, that of enjoyment when the quarry is caught, and that of separation when it escapes. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dvandva.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: dvandva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvandva (द्वंद्व).—n S A couple of animals male and female. 2 Strife, contention, clashing. Ex. tvāṃ śēta cārilēṃ pakṣiyā || bhalēṃ dvandva sādhilēṃ ||. 3 m A form of grammatical combination:--combining two or more words which regularly are connected by a conjunction. Ex. śēlāpāgōṭēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvandva (द्वंद्व).—n A couple of animals, male and female. Strife. Twin. m A grammatical combination.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व).—[dvau dvau sahābhivyaktau; cf. P.VIII.1.15. Sk.]

1) pair, couple.

2) A couple of animals (including even men) of different sexes, i. e. male and female; द्वन्द्वानि भावं क्रियया बिवव्रुः (dvandvāni bhāvaṃ kriyayā bivavruḥ) Kumārasambhava 3.35; Meghadūta 45; न चेदिदं द्वन्द्वम- योजयिष्यत् (na cedidaṃ dvandvama- yojayiṣyat) Kumārasambhava 7.66; R.1.4; Ś.2.15;7.27; अल्पं तुल्य- शीलानि द्वन्द्वानि सृज्यन्ते (alpaṃ tulya- śīlāni dvandvāni sṛjyante) Pratimā 1.

3) A couple of opposite conditions or qualities, (such as sukha and duḥkha; śīta and uṣṇa); बलवती हि द्वन्द्वानां प्रवृत्तिः (balavatī hi dvandvānāṃ pravṛttiḥ) K.135; द्वन्द्वैरयोजयच्चेमाः सुख- दुःखादिभिः प्रजाः (dvandvairayojayaccemāḥ sukha- duḥkhādibhiḥ prajāḥ) Ms. 1.26;6.81; सर्वर्तुनिर्वृतिकरे निवसन्नुपैति न द्वन्द्वदुःखमिह किंचिदकिंचनोऽपि (sarvartunirvṛtikare nivasannupaiti na dvandvaduḥkhamiha kiṃcidakiṃcano'pi) Śiśupālavadha 4.64.

4) A strife, contention, quarrel, dispute, fight.

5) A duel; Rām.6. 43.15.

6) Doubt, uncertainty.

7) A fortress, stronghold.

8) A secret.

9) A secret, or lonely place; द्वन्द्वे ह्येतत् प्रवक्तव्यं हितं वै यद्यवेक्षसे (dvandve hyetat pravaktavyaṃ hitaṃ vai yadyavekṣase) Rām.7.13.11.

-ndvaḥ 1 (In gram.) One of the four principal kinds of compounds, in which two or more words are joined together which, if not compounded, would stand in the same case and be connected by the copulative conjunction `and'; चार्थे द्वन्द्वः (cārthe dvandvaḥ) P.II.2.29; द्वन्द्वः सामासिकस्य च (dvandvaḥ sāmāsikasya ca) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.33; उभय- पदप्रधानो द्वन्द्वः (ubhaya- padapradhāno dvandvaḥ) Kāśikā 38.

2) A kind of disease.

3) (in music) A kind of measure.

4) The sign Gemini of the zodiac.

Derivable forms: dvandvam (द्वन्द्वम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व).—n.

(-ndvaṃ) 1. A pair, a brace. 2. A couple of animals, or male and female. 3. Union of the sexes or coupling. 4. Strife, dispute. 5. A secret. m.

(-ndvaḥ) 1. A form of grammatical combination uniting two or more words in the same case, properly separated by a conjunction, as rāmalakṣmaṇau Rama and Lakshmana; pāṇipādaṃ hand and foot. 2. A sign of the zodiac (Gemini.) 3. A species of disease, a complication of two disorders, or compound affection of two humours. E. dvi two, reduplicate, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvandva (द्वन्द्व):—(ndvaṃ) 1. n. A pair; coupling; strife; a secret; a compound of two nouns; or of two diseases.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dvaṃdva (ದ್ವಂದ್ವ):—

1) [noun] a set of two corresponding things; a pair.

2) [noun] a pair of opposites.

3) [noun] the feeling of being dual or separate from; dualism.

4) [noun] a physical combat between only two persons.

5) [noun] lack of certainty; uncertainty; doubt.

6) [noun] a disputing; a dispute; heated argument.

7) [noun] a discussion between two that is supposed to be kept from the knowledge of others.

8) [noun] (gram.) a compound word in which both the words combined without lowering the importance of either of them.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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