Droni, Droṇī, Droṇi: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Droni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Droṇi (द्रोणि).—(also Drauṇi) the future Veda Vyāsa in Dvāpara yuga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 125; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 104.

1b) A Sage of the 8th epoch of Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Droṇī (द्रोणी) is another name for Indīvarā, an unidentified medicinal, according to verse 3.94-95 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Indīvarā has been variously identified with Śatāvara (Asparagus racemosus), Indravāruṇī (Citrullus colocynthis), Ajaśṛṅgī, Indracirbhaṭī, Kadalī, Kuraṇṭikā (Celosia argentea). The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Droṇī and Indīvarā, there are a total of six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Droṇī (द्रोणी) or Vahi refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 droṇī equals 49.152kg; 4 droṇīs = 1 khari = 196.608kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning droṇī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, droṇī indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Droṇi or Droṇī.—(CH 4; IA 11), treasury; property (cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIV, p. 144—‘the droṇī of Śrī-Somanāthadeva’ to which a piece of land was attached); see devadroṇī probably meaning ‘rent-free property of a temple’. Note: droṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

drōṇī (द्रोणी).—f (S) A trough (for watering cattle). 2 A large metal pot.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Droṇi (द्रोणि) or Droṇī (द्रोणी).—f. [dru-ni vā ṅīp; Uṇ.4.51]

1) An oval vessel of wood used for holding or pouring out water, a bucket, basin, baling-vessel; ततः प्रभाते वसिष्ठवचसा तैल- द्रोण्यां नरपतिं (tataḥ prabhāte vasiṣṭhavacasā taila- droṇyāṃ narapatiṃ) (daśarathaṃ) निक्षिप्य (nikṣipya)... Rām. Champū. बालस्य च शरीरं तत् तैलद्रोण्यां निधापय (bālasya ca śarīraṃ tat tailadroṇyāṃ nidhāpaya) Rām.7.75.2; Bhāg.1.57.8.

2) A water-reservoir (jalādhāra).

3) A trough for feeding cattle.

4) A measure of capacity, equal to two Śūrpas or 128 shers.

5) The valley or chasm between two mountains; बृहद्द्रोणीशैलकान्तारप्रदेशमधितिष्ठतो माधवस्यान्तिकं प्रयामि (bṛhaddroṇīśailakāntārapradeśamadhitiṣṭhato mādhavasyāntikaṃ prayāmi) Māl.9; हिमवद्द्रोणी (himavaddroṇī) &c.

6) Name of the wife of Droṇa.

7) The plantain tree.

8) The Indigo plant.

Derivable forms: droṇiḥ (द्रोणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Droṇī (द्रोणी).—(= Pali doṇī), the wooden body of a lute (from its ‘tub’-like shape): Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 515.19 (cited s.v. upadhānī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Droṇī (द्रोणी):—[from droṇa] a f. a wooden trough or tub, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] any vessel or implement made of wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a measure of capacity (= 2 Śūrpas = 128 Śeras), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a valley, [Mālatīmādhava ix, 0/1; Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of creeper, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of coloquintida (= indra-cirbitī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] of salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a country, of a mountain and of a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Droṇi (द्रोणि):—[from droṇa] f. trough, tub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a valley, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a country, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Droṇī (द्रोणी):—[from droṇa] b f. of droṇa q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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