Shankita, Saṅkita, Śaṅkita, Śaṅkitā, Shamkita: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Shankita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaṅkita and Śaṅkitā can be transliterated into English as Sankita or Shankita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning

A type of glance (or facial expression): Śaṅkita (apprehensive): a little moved, a little at rest, slightly raised and moved to and fro, the pupils partly hidden. Usage: hesitation.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śaṅkitā (शङ्किता, “apprehensive”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses a ‘transitory state’ (saṃcāribhāva). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Śaṅkitā (शङ्किता).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing a transitory state (saṃcāribhāva);—The concealed Glance which is once moved, and once at rest, slightly raised, obliquely open and in which the eyeballs are timid, is Śaṅkitā (apprehensive).

Uses of Śaṅkitā (apprehensive)—in apprehension.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Śaṅkitā (शङ्किता) refers to one of the Thirty six kinds of Glances (dṛṣṭi) or “proper accomplishment of glances” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Dṛṣṭi is very important in a dance form. The appropriate movements of eyes, eyeballs and eyebrows of an artist make the performance more charming. There are thirty six kinds of glances (dṛṣṭi) accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, for example śaṅkitā, belonging to the sañcāriṇadṛṣṭi division.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shankita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śaṅkita (शङ्कित) refers to one who is “suspicious” (i.e., of some terrible disaster), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] thus in many ways, the timid and frightened Devas and the sages eulogised the lord of Devas [viz., Maheśvara or Śiva] who was furious (krodhāviṣṭa). Suspecting some terrible disaster, Dakṣa raised his hand and rushed at Śiva, preventing Him with shouts of ‘O don’t do this, O don’t do this’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Śaṅkitā (शङ्किता) refers to “being afraid” (of the deceit of the breath), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath [com.—afraid of (śaṅkitā) the deceit of the breath (śvāsocchvāsakapaṭena)], the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction goes out like a young doe in the forest. O shameless one, if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

Synonyms: Bhīta, Bhīru, Bhrānta.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shankita in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅkita : (pp. of saṅkati) doubted; hesitated.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅkita, (fr. śaṅk) anxious, doubtful J. V, 85; Mhvs 7, 15; SnA 60. Cp. pari°, vi°. (Page 663)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaṅkita (शंकित).—p (S) That has fears, apprehensions, doubts, scruples regarding. 2 That is feared, apprehended, doubted, distrusted, questioned.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śaṅkita (शंकित).—p That has fears, doubts regarding.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṅkita (शङ्कित).—p. p.

1) Doubted, suspected, feared.

2) Suspicious, suspecting, distrustful.

3) Uncertain, doubtful.

4) Fearful, apprehensive, alarmed; शङ्कितदृष्टिः (śaṅkitadṛṣṭiḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1. 197.

5) Weak, unsteady; (see śaṅk).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṅkita (शङ्कित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Alarmed, frightened. 2. Weak, unsteady. 3. Doubtful, uncertain. E. śaṅkā fear, itac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṅkita (शङ्कित):—[from śaṅk] mfn. alarmed, apprehensive, distrustful, suspicious, afraid of ([ablative] [genitive case], or [compound]), anxious about ([locative case] or [accusative] with prati), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] assuming, supposing, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] feared, apprehended, [Rāmāyaṇa; Śāntiśataka]

4) [v.s. ...] doubted, doubtful, uncertain, [Manu-smṛti; Mṛcchakaṭikā] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] weak, unsteady, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṅkita (शङ्कित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Alarmed; weak; doubtful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śaṅkita (शङ्कित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkia.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaṃkita (ಶಂಕಿತ):—[adjective] that has been doubted, suspected.

--- OR ---

Śaṃkita (ಶಂಕಿತ):—

1) [noun] = ಶಂಕೆ - [shamke -] 1.

2) [noun] a man who is viewed by another or others with a suspicion; a suspected man.

3) [noun] a man who is afraid or scared of.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shankita in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Śaṅkita (शङ्कित):—adj. 1. filled with doubt; suspicious; 2. fearful; 3. anticipated with misgiving; 4. suspected;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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