Drishta, Dṛṣṭa: 13 definitions

Introduction

Drishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dṛṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Drsta or Drishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—Seen in use in Vedic Literature, or Classical Literature, or in the talk of cultured people; said in connection with words which a grammarian tries to explain; cf. दृष्टानुविधिश्छन्दसि भवति (dṛṣṭānuvidhiśchandasi bhavati)' Vyadi Pari. Patha 68.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट) refers to a “hero who is shameless and unfaithful to his beloved and secretly harms her” and represents one of the four kinds of “heroes” (nāyaka) in a dramatic representation, according to the Abhinaya-sara-samputa, as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—In the depiction of any mood or sentiment, a dance performance or a dramatic representation takes the medium of the hero (nāyaka) and the heroine (nāyikas). The heroes are again classified on the basis of their erotic sentiments into four types [viz., Dṛṣṭa].

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट) refers to the “visible world”.—In Indian sculpture, painting, and iconography, the majority of the figures are based on the human body. This belongs to the dṛṣṭa (the visible world). All natural shapes are said to be with life. Human body is the place where the outer world is transformed. It is also the scene of the transformation of the self. In this transformed shape, the self is represented in art. The transformation results from an inner process of realization. It is not visible to the physical eye; it belongs to the adṛṣṭa (the unseen). The world of the inner reality differs from the outer world but cannot exist without it. Therefore, art serves as the meeting ground of the two worlds and relates to the transformation of the inner world to that of the outer.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट, “visible”) refers to one of the ten flaws (or transmigressions) requiring prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.

Dṛṣṭa is a Sanskrit technical term defined according to the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—What is meant by visible (dṛṣṭa) flaw? To conceal the flaws committed which have not been seen by anybody while being committed is visible flaw.
 

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dṛṣṭa.—(EI 3, 23; CII 3; etc.), Prakrit diṭṭham, ‘has been seen’, i. e. ‘found correct and approved’, found on some copper- plate grants indicating the approval of the proper authorities endorsed on the original document later engraved on the plates. Cf. ni (an abbreviation of nibaddha or nirīkṣiṭa) in certain medieval copper-plate grants of Eastern India. In dṛṣṭa- pañcāśat-padāti (LP), dṛṣṭa-ghoṭaka (LP), etc., the word dṛṣṭa indicates that money should be paid after actually seeing the foot-soldiers and horses in question. Note: dṛṣṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—f (dṛṣṭi S) Sight or seeing.

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dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—p S Seen, perceived, visible, apparent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—f Sight or seeing. dṛṣṭa kāḍhaṇēṃ To avert the effects of an evil eye.

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dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—p Seen, perceived, visible, apparent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—p. p. [dṛś-karmaṇi-kta]

1) Seen, looked, perceived, observed, beheld; उभयोरपि दृष्टोऽन्तः (ubhayorapi dṛṣṭo'ntaḥ) Bg.2.16.

2) Visible, observable.

3) Regarded, considered; दृष्टो विवृत्य बहुशोऽप्यनया सतृष्णम् (dṛṣṭo vivṛtya bahuśo'pyanayā satṛṣṇam) Ś.3.1.

4) Occurring, found.

5) Appearing, manifested.

6) Known, learned, understood.

7) Determined, decided, fixed; तदहं यष्टुमिच्छामि शास्त्रदृष्टेन कर्मणा (tadahaṃ yaṣṭumicchāmi śāstradṛṣṭena karmaṇā) Rām.1.8.9.

8) Valid.

9) Allotted.

1) Experienced, suffered, endured, felt.

11) Treated of; see दृश् (dṛś).

-ṣṭam 1 Perception, observation.

2) Danger from dacoits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—(°-) (1) short for dṛṣṭadharma or °dhārmika, in a cpd.: (sarvadharmāṇāṃ)…dṛṣṭasukhasaṃsthānām abhilāpya-(read with Tibetan an-abhi°) -gati-viśeṣāḥ Laṅk 18.7 (prose), innumerable different courses of all states-of- existence which are based on (saṃstha) the pleasures of the visible (world). Suzuki fails utterly to understand the passage. For the phrase dṛṣṭa dharma, see next; (2) perhaps = dṛṣṭi, false view: āya-vyaya-dṛṣṭābhiniveśena Laṅk 174.12 (see s.vv. āya and abhiniveśa); the alternative would be to emend to °dṛṣṭy-abhi°.

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Dṛṣṭā (दृष्टा).—n. sg., for draṣṭā, to stem draṣṭr, seer: in same line dṛṣṭavya, for dra°, gdve.: na dṛṣṭā na ca dṛṣṭavyaṃ [Page269-b+ 71] Laṅk 9.6 (verse), there is no seer nor object of sight. Possibly both are errors or misprints.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) Seen, visible, apparent. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) Obvious danger or calamity. E. dṛś to see, affix kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dṛṣṭa (दृष्ट).—[adjective] seen, visible, apparent, known, foreseen, destined; decided, knowledged, valid; [neuter] perception, observation, sight, view, glance.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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