Damodara, Dāmodara, Daman-udara: 29 definitions


Damodara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Damodara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: The Garuda puranam

The Damodara stone is thick, of blue colour, and contains a circular mark of blue colour in the central part of the cavity.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dāmodara (दामोदर).—Śrī Kṛṣṇa. When Śrī Kṛṣṇa was a small boy, Yaśodā tied him to a mortar-stone. The boy ran about, dragging the heavy stone with him and the rope snapped. Part of the rope still remained round his abdomen. From that he got the name Dāmodara. "Dama" means rope and "Udara" means abdomen. (See Kṛṣṇa).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dāmodara (दामोदर) is mentioned as another name for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.2 (“The Prayer of the gods).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “[...] O great god, obeisance to Thee the delighter of the three worlds. Obeisance to Pradyumna, Aniruddha and Vāsudeva (these being your manifestations). Obeisance to Thee. Obeisance to Thee, the lord Saṃkarṣaṇa. Obeisance to Thee the destroyer of Kaṃsa. Obeisance to Thee O Dāmodara, the pounder of Cāṇūra, the partaker of poison. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dāmodara (दामोदर).—Kṛṣṇa;1 with the weapon pāśa;2 around his belly Yaśodā bound a rope and fastened him to a mortar.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 39;
  • 2) Ib. IV. 34. 83.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 6. 20; 13. 34.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Dāmodara (दामोदर, “He who contains the universe in his belly”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Lajjā.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6

Dāmodara (दामोदर) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Dāmodara is large in size (sthūla); roundin shape (vartula); bluish hue (nīla); yellow line at the opening; cakra in the middle; small holes; no vanamālā line.  Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (e.g., Dāmodara stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.

Source: academia.edu: Dvādaśa-mūrti in Tamil Tradition (iconography)

Dāmodara (दामोदर) refers to one of the Dvādaśa-mūrti or “twelve sacred names of Viṣṇu”, whose iconographical details are mentioned in the Śrītattvanidhi (verse 2.19-42) citing the Pāñcarātrāgama-Kriyapāda.—Dāmodara’s Mien green like grass puts on pītāmbara, broad eyes (cf. Rajarajan 2012: fig. 5), and wears sakala-ratnabharaṇas. According to the Caturviṃśatimūrtilakṣaṇa, Dāmodara is fitted with the Śaṅkha, Padma, Cakra and Gāda, in that particular order.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Damodara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Dāmodara (दामोदर), son of king Āṣāḍha, is the name of a Vidyādhara, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Vajraprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... Sūryaprabha and the others beheld with astonishment a very handsome, heavenly youth. And at that moment the herald of the Vidyādharas proclaimed with a loud voice, in front of that youth, whose name was Dāmodara: ‘Victory to the Crown Prince Dāmodara, son of king Āṣāḍha! O mortal, dweller on the earth, Sūryaprabha, fall at his feet. And do homage, O Janamejaya; why have you given your daughter to an undeserver? Propitiate, both of you, this god at once, otherwise he will not be appeased’”.

In chapter 48, it is revealed that Dāmodara is a portion of Viṣṇu, while he was fighting on the side of Śrutaśarman’s army. Accordingly, as Indra said to sage Nārada: “Sūryaprabha and the others of his party are incarnations of Asuras, but Śrutaśarman is a portion of me, and all these Vidyādharas are portions of the gods; so observe, hermit, this is a disguised fight between the gods and Asuras. And observe, in it Viṣṇu is, as ever, the ally of the gods, for Dāmodara, who is a portion of him, is fighting here”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dāmodara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Dāmodara (दामोदर) is the author of the Saṅketamañjarī: a commentary on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā: one of the three great works of Vāgbhaṭa.—The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā consists only of verses. The eight-fold division is observed in the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā too, though not as strictly as in the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha. Numerous commentaries on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā [viz., Dāmodara’s Saṅketamañjarī], many of them unedited so far, can be traced in manuscripts, catalogues, publishers’ lists, etc.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Dāmodara (दामोदर) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Dāmodara is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dāmodara (दामोदर) is the name of a Brāhman from Sāligrāma, according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Ajita narrated:—“[...] Not very far from this city is a large village granted to Brahmans, named Sāligrāma. There lived the head of the Brāhmans, named Dāmodara, and his wife Somā. They had a son Śuddhabhaṭṭa who married Sulakṣaṇā, the daughter of Siddhabhaṭṭa. Sulakṣaṇā and Śuddhabhaṭṭa grew up and enjoyed pleasures suitable to their position, as they liked. In course of time their parents died, and their fathers’ money also disappeared. Sometimes he would lie down at night, hungry in the midst of plenty”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Dāmodara is the name of a Brāhmaṇa residing in Brahmapurī according to the “Prince of wales museum plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, “Dāmodara, the son of Kesaiya Dīkṣita, who is of the Bhāradvāja-gotra and Mādhyandina-śākhā”.

Dāmodara is also mentioned as the son of Sūdana Dīkṣita, “who is of the Upamanyu gotra and Bahvṛca-śākhā and who has hailed from Bhṛgukaccha included in the Lāṭa-deśa”.

These copper plates (mentioing Dāmodara) were handed over to the Curator (Archaeological Section, Prince of Wales Museum, Bombay) by one Hasan Razak. Its object is to record the grant, by Mammuṇirāja, of the village Ki-icchitā (Mandaraja-viṣaya) to twelve Brāhmaṇas residing in the agrahāra of Brahmapurī. The grant was made on the occasion of a lunar eclipse which occurred on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Bhādrapada in the Śaka year 971, the cyclic year being Virodhin.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

1) Dāmodara (दामोदर) was the father of Padmanābha-datta (1350-1400 C.E.): well-known as the founder of Saupadma school of Sanskrit Grammar. He is a resident of Bhoragrāma of Mithilā (now in modern Bihar state). He is the son of Dāmodara and grandson of Śrīdatta.

2) Dāmodara (दामोदर) is the father of Caturbhuja and the great-grandfather of Dhīreśvarācārya (1851-1919 C.E.): a poet of modern Assam who composed Vṛttamañjarī. Dhīreśvarācārya belonged to Tripravara-Bharadvājagotra and was the son of Keśavācārya alias Ātmārāma and Candraprabhādevī, grandson of Caturbhuja and great grandson of Dāmodara. Dhīreśvarācārya learnt the systems of grammar at the age of 12 from Rāmadevopādhyā of Nagarakuchi.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Dāmodara is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Dāmodara) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Dāmodara) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I (history)

Dāmodara (दामोदर) was the father of Samoṣaṇa (belonging to the Māthurā Kāyasthas), according to the “Samoṣaṇa Kāitha Māthura-rāsa” (dealing with caste history), and is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The work deals, in the beginning and in the final part, with the life and character of Samoṣaṇa Maṃtrī Kāyasatha, also called Samoṣaṇa Ṭhakura, a wealthy and powerful man who belonged to the Māthurā Kāyasthas (210v). He was the son of Dāmodara, was married to Bīnāṃ and had two sons, one of them named Beṃgarāja Kuṃvara who married in Delhi. [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dāmōdara (दामोदर).—a (Fancifully formed with dāma Money, and udara Belly.) Rich, opulent, wealthy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dāmōdara (दामोदर).—a Rich, opulent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dāmodara (दामोदर).—an epithet of Kṛṣṇa.

Derivable forms: dāmodaraḥ (दामोदरः).

Dāmodara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dāman and udara (उदर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dāmodara (दामोदर).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.138.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāmodara (दामोदर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of Krishna. 2. A Jina of the past age. E. dāma a rope, and udara a belly; Yasodha his foster mother having in vain passed the folds of a rope round his body, whilst a child, to keep him in confinement. dāma bandhanasādhanaṃ udare yasya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāmodara (दामोदर).—i. e. dāman -udara, m. 1. A name of Kṛṣṇa, Mahābhārata 5, 2566. 2. A proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 1, 64.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāmodara (दामोदर).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa; [Name] of a month & of [several] men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dāmodara (दामोदर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vaidyajīvanaṭīkā. K. 220.

Dāmodara has the following synonyms: Jñānadeva.

2) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Candrapati, brother of Megha Bhagīratha (Dravyaprakāśikā) and Maheśa. Hall. p. 66.

3) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—pupil of Śaṅkara, father of Gaurīpati (Ācārādarśaṭīkā). Bp. 260.

4) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Lāla, father of Balabhadra (Hāyanaratna) and Harirāma. W. p. 264.

5) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Rāghavadeva, father of Lakṣmīdhara, Kṛṣṇa, and Śārṅgadhara (Paddhati). Oxf. 122^b. 315^a.

6) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Bhaṭṭa Śaṅkara, father of Bhaṭṭa Siddheśvara (Saṃskāramayūkha). W. p. 313.

7) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—a contemporary of Maṅkha. Śrīkaṇṭhacarita 25, 68.

8) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] Padyavalī, Bhojaprabandha.

9) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—the editor of the Mahānāṭaka. Oxf. 142^b. K. 72.

10) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—lexicographer. Quoted by Rāyamukuṭa.

11) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—a medical author. Quoted Oxf. 321^a.

12) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Abhavavāda. K. 140.

13) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—a pupil of Padmanābha, wrote in 1418: Āryabhaṭatulya Karaṇagrantha. Bhr. 346.

14) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Kaṃsavadhanāṭaka. Bl. 4.

15) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Laghu Kālanirṇaya. K. 168.

16) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Jātakarmapaddhati. Peters. 3, 387.

17) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Dāmodarapaddhati jy.

18) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Pāṭīlīlāvatīṭīkā. B. 4, 154.

19) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Bhakticandrikā. L. 2701.

20) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—a pupil of Mādhava Yogin: Mīmāṃsānayavivekālaṃkāra.

21) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—of the Dīrghaghoṣa family: Vāṇībhūṣaṇa, metrics.

22) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Vivekadīpaka [dharma] Io. 52.

23) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Vaidyajīvanaṭīkā. K. 220. See Jñānadeva. Vyādhyargala. B. 4, 244. Harivandana med. K. 222.

24) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Śatapathīyānuvākasaṃkhyā. L. 2537. NW. 24. Hautrāvaloka. NW. 6. 24.

25) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Śrāddhapaddhati. Burnell. 143^b.

26) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Saṃketamañjarī Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayaṭīkā. W. p. 281.

27) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Samarasāraṭīkā jy. Ben. 27. Np. Ii, 114.

28) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Lakṣmīdhara: Saṃgītadarpaṇa.

29) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Viṣṇu Bhaṭṭa: Ārogyacintāmaṇi. Burnell. 65^b.

30) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—read Abhāvavāda.

31) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—guru of Bhagavaddāsa (Īśvaratattvanirūpaṇaṭīkā). Rgb. 652.

32) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Iṣṭikāla.

33) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—a pupil of Padmanābha: Karaṇaprakāśaṭīkā.

34) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Jātakasaṃgraha.

35) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Siddhāntahṛdaya jy.

36) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Horāprādīpa.

37) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Gaṅgādhara: Yantracintāmaṇi [tantric]

38) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Viśvanātha: Bhagavatprasādacarita.

39) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Mīmāṃsāsūtravṛtti Subodhikā.

40) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Ratnajātaka.

41) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Vyutpattivāda.

42) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—son of Rāghava, composed in 1552: Rātrisaṃvitpradīpa jy.

43) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—Rāmabāṇa med.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dāmodara (दामोदर):—[from dāma > dā] m. ‘having a rope round waist’, Name of Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] of 12th month, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] of 9th Arhat of past Ut-sarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of 2 kings of Kaśmīra, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] of a river (held sacred by the Santāls), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāmodara (दामोदर):—[dāmo+dara] (raḥ) 1. m. Krishna; a Jaina.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dāmodara (दामोदर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dāmoara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Damodara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dāmōdara (ದಾಮೋದರ):—

1) [noun] Křṣṇa, who was used to be tied with a rope round his belly.

2) [noun] Viṣṇu who can be realised by controlling one’s passions.

3) [noun] a fat, corpulent man.

4) [noun] (fig.) a pot-bellied man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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