Damsha, aka: Daṃśa, Ḍaṃsa, Damsa; 8 Definition(s)


Damsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Daṃśa can be transliterated into English as Damsa or Damsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Damsha in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Daṃśa (दंश).—The giant who took birth as the worm 'Alarkkaṃ'. This giant came in the shape of a beetle and pierced the leg of Karṇa, the disciple of Paraśurāma. Daṃśa once kidnapped the wife of Bhṛgu, and the hermit cursed the giant and turned him to a beetle. He also said that Parameśvara would absolve him from the curse. (See Karṇa, Para 4).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Daṃśa (दंश, lit., ‘biter’), ‘gad-fly’ is mentioned in the Chāndogya-upaniṣad (vi. 9, 3; 10, 2).

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Daṃśa (दंश) refers to “stinging insects” and represents one of the  hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., daṃśa). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Damsha in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

ḍaṃsa : (m.) a gadfly.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ḍaṃśa (डंश).—m (daṃśa S) The bite or sting of a venomous creature. v kara, māra. 2 fig. Rancour, malice, hate. v rākha, ṭhēva, dhara.

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ḍāṃsa (डांस).—m (daṃśa S through () A large stinging fly, a gadfly. 2 A mosquito. 3 or ḍāsa m C or ḍāsā m C A morsure or bite. v ghē. 4 The part bitten.

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daṃśa (दंश).—m (S) Stinging or biting. 2 A morsure or bite. 3 fig. The point or sting (of a speech or of an affair). 4 fig. Spite, malice, rancor. 5 fig. A perplexing passage (in a book). 6 A gadfly.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍaṃśa (डंश).—m The bite or sting of a venomous creature. Rancour, malice.

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ḍāṃsa (डांस).—m A large stinging fly, a gadfly. A mosquito.

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daṃśa (दंश).—a A bite. Stinging. Fig. Spite, malice, rancour. The point or sting (of a speech or an affair).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṃśa (दंश).—[daṃś-aca bhāve ghañ vā]

1) Biting, stinging; मुग्धे विधेहि मयि निर्दयदन्तदंशम् (mugdhe vidhehi mayi nirdayadantadaṃśam) Gīt.1.

2) The sting of a snake.

3) A bite, the spot bitten; छेदो दंशस्य दाहो वा (chedo daṃśasya dāho vā) M.4.4; U.3.35.

4) Cutting, tearing.

5) A gad-fly; R.2.5; Ms.1.4; Y.3.215.

6) A flaw, fault, defect (in a jewel).

7) A tooth; प्रुत्युप्तमन्तः सविषश्च दंशः (prutyuptamantaḥ saviṣaśca daṃśaḥ)

8) Pungency.

9) An armour; शितविशिखहतो विशीर्णदंशः (śitaviśikhahato viśīrṇadaṃśaḥ) Bhāg.1.9.38.

1) A joint, limb.

Derivable forms: daṃśaḥ (दंशः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṃśa (दंश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. A gadfly. 2. A tooth. 3. Biting, stinging. 4. Armour, mail. 5. Cutting, dividing, tearing. 6. Fault, defect. 7. A joint, a limb. 8. The sting of a snake. 9. Pungency. f. (-śī) A small gadfly. E. daṃś to bite or sting, affix ac, diminutive affix ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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