Vrana, Vraṇa: 20 definitions


Vrana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vraṇa (व्रण) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “wounds” or “ulcer”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom

Ulcer (vraṇa) mainly arises from inflammation (pāka) following swelling (śvayathu). The physician should make efforts to treat the ulcer (vraṇa) preventing inflammation (pāka) with very cold plastering (lepa), shower-bath (seka), blood-letting (asramokṣa), purification (saṃśodhana) and so forth.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Vraṇa (व्रण) is mentioned as a disease that can be treated with metallic drugs including ingredients such as Tuttha (blue vitriol) and Sūta (mercury), as mentioned in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 3) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning vraṇa) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Vraṇa (व्रण) refers to “wound/ulcer” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vraṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vraṇa (व्रण):—Ulcer

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Vraṇa (व्रण) refers to “wounds”, according to Āyurveda sections in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—In Garuḍapurāṇa the vraṇa (ulcers/wounds) are classified broadly into two types based on the causative factors i.e.:

  1. Āgantujavraṇa—The ulcers /wounds caused by Āgantujakāraṇa (traumatic, or extraneous factors).
  2. Doṣajavraṇa—The ulcers / wounds due to derangement of Doṣa i.e. the humors.

They are sub classified based on the type of Doṣa as:

  1. Vātajavraṇa—The ulcers/wounds caused due to the derangement in vāta. The main characteristic feature is cira-pākī (delayed suppuration).
  2. Kaphajavraṇa—The ulcers / wounds caused due to the derangement in kapha. The main characteristic feature is kṣipra-pākī (suppuration speedily).
  3. Pittajavraṇa—The ulcers / wounds caused due to the derangement in pitta. The main characteristic feature is dāha (burning sensation).
  4. Śoṇitajavraṇa or Raktajavraṇa—The ulcers / wounds caused due to the derangement in rakta. The main characteristic feature is Manda vedanā (mild pain).
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vraṇa (व्रण) refers to those Rudrākṣas which has “cracks” and thus to be discarded, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] Six types of Rudrākṣas shall be discarded:—that which is defiled by worms, is cut and broken, has no thornlike protrusions, has cracks [viz., Vraṇa] and is not circular”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vraṇa (व्रण) refers to “wound (from battle)”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.13-16, while describing auspicious dreams]—“After [the dreamer] has seen these [images listed above], he is successful. Likewise, [success comes to those who] obtain the Earth and a [battle] wound (vraṇa). Victory in battle and crossing the battle field, which is an ocean of blood and blazes like a place of the departed [are auspicious]. [Someone who] commands heroes and persons who rule [with] victory [are fortunate signs]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vraṇa (व्रण).—m (S) An ulcerous sore or hole, an ulcer. 2 Any puncture (in the body) effected by violence; a wound.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vraṇa (व्रण).—m An ulcer; a wound.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vraṇa (व्रण).—[vraṇ-ac]

1) A wound, sore, bruise, hurt; आत्मनः सुमहत् कर्म व्रणैरावेद्य संस्थितः (ātmanaḥ sumahat karma vraṇairāvedya saṃsthitaḥ) R.12.55.

2) A boil, an ulcer; व्रणो रूढग्रन्थिः स्फुटित इव हृन्मर्मणि पुनः (vraṇo rūḍhagranthiḥ sphuṭita iva hṛnmarmaṇi punaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.26.

3) A fracture, scar.

4) A flaw, blemish.

Derivable forms: vraṇaḥ (व्रणः), vraṇam (व्रणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraṇa (व्रण).—mn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) A tumor, a boil, an ulcer, a wound. E. vraṇ to wound, an abscess, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraṇa (व्रण).—n. 1. A wound, [Pañcatantra] 170, 25. 2. A fracture, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 47. 3. A boil, a tumour, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 101.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraṇa (व्रण).—[masculine] ([neuter]) wound, sore, fracture, scar, rent.

--- OR ---

Vrāṇa (व्राण).—[adjective] shut up, confined.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vrāṇa (व्राण):—[from vṛ] mfn. held back, pent up (as rivers), [Ṛg-veda]

2) Vraṇa (व्रण):—[from vraṇ] m. (exceptionally n.) a. wound, sore, ulcer, abscess, tumour, cancer, boil, scar, cicatrix, crack, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a flaw, blemish (also in inanimate objects), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraṇa (व्रण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ)] 1. m. n. A sore, an ulcer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vraṇa (व्रण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vrana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vraṇa (व्रण) [Also spelled vran]:—(nm) a boil; ulcer, wound.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vraṇa (ವ್ರಣ):—[noun] a wound or abscess; a sore; an ulcer.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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