Baddha, Baddhā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Baddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Baddh.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Baddha (बद्ध).—(saṃsāra is bandhana); hence called so.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 76.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Baddhā (बद्धा) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Baddhā-cārī is classified as a bhaumī, or “earthly”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Baddhā (बद्धा).—A type of earthly (bhaumī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: the sideways movement of the thighs when the two shanks are crossed.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Baddha (बद्ध):—[baddhaṃ] Tieing / ligating / fastening

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Baddha (बद्ध, “tied”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., baddha—tied], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

baddha : (pp. of bandhati) bound; trapped; fastened; combined; put together.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Baddha, 2 (nt.) (fr. bandhati) a leather strap, a thong Vin. I, 287 (T. bandha perhaps right, cp. ābandhana 3); PvA. 127. (Page 481)

2) Baddha, 1 (pp. of bandhati) 1. bound, in bondage M. I, 275; S. I, 133; IV, 91; Sn. 957 (interpreted as “baddhacara” by Nd1 464); Dh. 324.—2. snared, trapped J. II, 153; III, 184; IV, 251, 414.—3. made firm, settled, fastened, bound (to a cert. place) KhA 60 (°pitta, opp. abaddha°).—4. contracted, acquired Vin. III, 96.—5. bound to, addicted or attached to Sn. 773 (bhavasāta°, cp. Nd1 30).—6. put together, kneaded, made into cakes (of meal) J. III, 343; V, 46; VI, 524.—7. bound together, linked, clustered DhA. I, 304 kaṇṇika° (of thoughts).—9. set, made up (of the mind) DhA. I, 11 (mānasaṃ te b.). ‹-› Cp. ati°, anu°, a°, ni°, paṭi°, vini°, sam°.—añjalika keeping the hands reverently extended Dāvs III, 30.—rāva the cry of the bound (or trapped) J. IV, 279, 415 (v. l. bandhana°).—vera having contracted an enmity, hostile, bearing a grudge DhA. I, 324. (Page 481)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

baddha (बद्ध).—p (S) Bound, fastened, tied.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

baddha (बद्ध).—p Bound, fastened, tied.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध).—p. p. [bandh-karmaṇi kta]

1) Bound, tied, fastened.

2) Chained, fettered.

3) Captured, caught.

4) Confined, imprisoned.

5) Put or girt on.

6) Restrained, suppressed, withheld.

7) Formed, built; शरबद्धमिवाभाति द्वितीयं भास्वदम्बरम् (śarabaddhamivābhāti dvitīyaṃ bhāsvadambaram)Rām.6.17.24.

8) Cherished, entertained.

9) Combined, united.

1) Firmly rooted, firm.

11) Shut, stopped, closed.

12) Inlaid, studded.

13) Composed (as verses).

14) Formed, contracted; असूत सा नागवधूपभोग्यं मैनाकमम्भोनिधिबद्धसख्यम् (asūta sā nāgavadhūpabhogyaṃ mainākamambhonidhibaddhasakhyam) Ku.1.2.

15) Manifested, displayed.

16) Entangled, involved.

17) Congealed, clotted (as blood.)

18) Effected, caused, formed, produced; बद्धं जालकम् (baddhaṃ jālakam) Ś.1.29;2.6; U.6.17; Māl.3.7.

19) Possessed, preserved; बद्धं सन्तं मन्यते लब्धमर्थम् (baddhaṃ santaṃ manyate labdhamartham) Mb.5.92.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध).—(?) , m. or nt., in Divyāvadāna 40.2 gacchanti baddhaṃ (ed. note query. bandhaṃ?) mṛgāḥ, perhaps = Pali baddha, which = Sanskrit vadhra, vardhra, vārdhra, strap, thong (here of a snare).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध).—mfn.

(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) Bound, tied. 2. Checked, suppressed. 3. Fixed, firm. 4. Withheld. 5. Captured. 6. Confined. 7. United. 8. Displayed. 9. Cherished. E. bandh to bind, aff. kta, form irr.

--- OR ---

Baddhā (बद्धा).—Ind. 1. Having tied or bound. 2. Having killed. E. bandh to tie, or badh to kill, and ktvāc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Baddha (बद्ध):—a etc. See p. 720, col. 2.

2) [from bandh] b mfn. bound, tied, fixed, fastened, chained, fettered, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] captured, imprisoned, caught, confined, [ib.] (śatāt, ‘for a debt of a hundred’ [Pāṇini 2-3, 24 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

4) [v.s. ...] bound by the fetters of existence or evil, [Kapila]

5) [v.s. ...] hanged, hung, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] tied up (as a braid of hair), [Meghadūta]

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) stopped, checked, obstructed, impeded, restrained, suppressed, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] girt with, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

9) [v.s. ...] (with [instrumental case] or ifc.) inlaid or studded with, set in [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] attached to, riveted or fixed on ([locative case]), [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] joined, united, combined, formed, produced, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] composed (as verses), [Rāmāyaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] ([especially] [in the beginning of a compound]; cf. below) conceived, formed, entertained, manifested, shown, betrayed, visible, apparent (cf. jāta [in the beginning of a compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] clenched (as the fist), [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] folded (as the hands), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

16) [v.s. ...] contracted (as friendship or enmity), [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā]

17) [v.s. ...] taken up (as an abode), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

18) [v.s. ...] built, constructed (as a bridge), [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

19) [v.s. ...] embanked (as a river), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

20) [v.s. ...] congealed, clotted (as blood; opp. to drava), [Suśruta]

21) [v.s. ...] alloyed (as quicksilver), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] m. or n. ? (with Jainas) that which binds or fetters the embodied spirit (viz. the connection of the soul with deeds), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध):—[(ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) a.] Bound, tied.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Baddha (बद्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bajja, Baddha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Baddha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध) [Also spelled baddh]:—(a) tied; bound; in bond; closed; fixed; ~[koṣṭha] suffering from constipation; ~[citta] concentrated, singlemindedly dedicated (to); ~[dṛṣṭī] with eyes concentrated on, gazing, staring; resolved; ~[niścaya] resolved; determined; ~[parikara] girded up; ~[pratijña] committed; having taken a vow; ~[muṣṭi] stingy, niggardly, parsimonious; ~[mūla] deep-rooted; ~[mauna] see ~[vāk; ~vāk] quiet, speechless; ~[vaira] with a deeprooted animosity; ~[sneha] attached (to), bound by love.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Baddha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Baddha (ಬದ್ಧ):—

1) [adjective] tied; bound; fastened.

2) [adjective] fettered; shackled; imprisoned.

3) [adjective] done or doing as per rules, regulations.

4) [adjective] twisted or twined together.

5) [adjective] encircled; covered from all or almost all sides.

6) [adjective] that has become unable to move or flow out.

7) [adjective] controlled; checked.

8) [adjective] held, suppressed and maintained since long.

9) [adjective] inlayed; inserted.

10) [adjective] constructed; built.

11) [adjective] worn; put on.

12) [adjective] committed; pledged.

--- OR ---

Baddha (ಬದ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] a rope, string, chain etc. that is used to tie, fasten.

2) [noun] that which is tied, fasened or bound.

3) [noun] control; check.

4) [noun] the true or actual state of a matter; truth.

5) [noun] a rule or other order prescribed by authority to regulate conduct; regulation.

6) [noun] a man who is subjected to a rule or regulation.

7) [noun] (phil.) a person bound by worldly attachments.

8) [noun] (hist.) a particular manner of elaborating a rāga (a musical mode).

9) [noun] (dance.) a mode of moving forward.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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