Baddha, Baddhā: 11 definitions


Baddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Baddha (बद्ध).—(saṃsāra is bandhana); hence called so.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 76.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Baddhā (बद्धा) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Baddhā-cārī is classified as a bhaumī, or “earthly”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: Natya Shastra

Baddhā (बद्धा).—A type of earthly (bhaumī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: the sideways movement of the thighs when the two shanks are crossed.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

baddha : (pp. of bandhati) bound; trapped; fastened; combined; put together.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Baddha, 2 (nt.) (fr. bandhati) a leather strap, a thong Vin. I, 287 (T. bandha perhaps right, cp. ābandhana 3); PvA. 127. (Page 481)

2) Baddha, 1 (pp. of bandhati) 1. bound, in bondage M. I, 275; S. I, 133; IV, 91; Sn. 957 (interpreted as “baddhacara” by Nd1 464); Dh. 324.—2. snared, trapped J. II, 153; III, 184; IV, 251, 414.—3. made firm, settled, fastened, bound (to a cert. place) KhA 60 (°pitta, opp. abaddha°).—4. contracted, acquired Vin. III, 96.—5. bound to, addicted or attached to Sn. 773 (bhavasāta°, cp. Nd1 30).—6. put together, kneaded, made into cakes (of meal) J. III, 343; V, 46; VI, 524.—7. bound together, linked, clustered DhA. I, 304 kaṇṇika° (of thoughts).—9. set, made up (of the mind) DhA. I, 11 (mānasaṃ te b.). ‹-› Cp. ati°, anu°, a°, ni°, paṭi°, vini°, sam°.—añjalika keeping the hands reverently extended Dāvs III, 30.—rāva the cry of the bound (or trapped) J. IV, 279, 415 (v. l. bandhana°).—vera having contracted an enmity, hostile, bearing a grudge DhA. I, 324. (Page 481)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

baddha (बद्ध).—p (S) Bound, fastened, tied.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

baddha (बद्ध).—p Bound, fastened, tied.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध).—p. p. [bandh-karmaṇi kta]

1) Bound, tied, fastened.

2) Chained, fettered.

3) Captured, caught.

4) Confined, imprisoned.

5) Put or girt on.

6) Restrained, suppressed, withheld.

7) Formed, built; शरबद्धमिवाभाति द्वितीयं भास्वदम्बरम् (śarabaddhamivābhāti dvitīyaṃ bhāsvadambaram)Rām.6.17.24.

8) Cherished, entertained.

9) Combined, united.

1) Firmly rooted, firm.

11) Shut, stopped, closed.

12) Inlaid, studded.

13) Composed (as verses).

14) Formed, contracted; असूत सा नागवधूपभोग्यं मैनाकमम्भोनिधिबद्धसख्यम् (asūta sā nāgavadhūpabhogyaṃ mainākamambhonidhibaddhasakhyam) Ku.1.2.

15) Manifested, displayed.

16) Entangled, involved.

17) Congealed, clotted (as blood.)

18) Effected, caused, formed, produced; बद्धं जालकम् (baddhaṃ jālakam) Ś.1.29;2.6; U.6.17; Māl.3.7.

19) Possessed, preserved; बद्धं सन्तं मन्यते लब्धमर्थम् (baddhaṃ santaṃ manyate labdhamartham) Mb.5.92.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध).—(?) , m. or nt., in Divyāvadāna 40.2 gacchanti baddhaṃ (ed. note query. bandhaṃ?) mṛgāḥ, perhaps = Pali baddha, which = Sanskrit vadhra, vardhra, vārdhra, strap, thong (here of a snare).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Baddha (बद्ध).—mfn.

(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) Bound, tied. 2. Checked, suppressed. 3. Fixed, firm. 4. Withheld. 5. Captured. 6. Confined. 7. United. 8. Displayed. 9. Cherished. E. bandh to bind, aff. kta, form irr.

--- OR ---

Baddhā (बद्धा).—Ind. 1. Having tied or bound. 2. Having killed. E. bandh to tie, or badh to kill, and ktvāc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Baddha (बद्ध):—a etc. See p. 720, col. 2.

2) [from bandh] b mfn. bound, tied, fixed, fastened, chained, fettered, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] captured, imprisoned, caught, confined, [ib.] (śatāt, ‘for a debt of a hundred’ [Pāṇini 2-3, 24 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

4) [v.s. ...] bound by the fetters of existence or evil, [Kapila]

5) [v.s. ...] hanged, hung, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] tied up (as a braid of hair), [Meghadūta]

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) stopped, checked, obstructed, impeded, restrained, suppressed, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] girt with, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

9) [v.s. ...] (with [instrumental case] or ifc.) inlaid or studded with, set in [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] attached to, riveted or fixed on ([locative case]), [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] joined, united, combined, formed, produced, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] composed (as verses), [Rāmāyaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] ([especially] [in the beginning of a compound]; cf. below) conceived, formed, entertained, manifested, shown, betrayed, visible, apparent (cf. jāta [in the beginning of a compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] clenched (as the fist), [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] folded (as the hands), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

16) [v.s. ...] contracted (as friendship or enmity), [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā]

17) [v.s. ...] taken up (as an abode), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

18) [v.s. ...] built, constructed (as a bridge), [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

19) [v.s. ...] embanked (as a river), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

20) [v.s. ...] congealed, clotted (as blood; opp. to drava), [Suśruta]

21) [v.s. ...] alloyed (as quicksilver), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] m. or n. ? (with Jainas) that which binds or fetters the embodied spirit (viz. the connection of the soul with deeds), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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