Badari, Badarī, Bādari: 23 definitions


Badari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Badari (बदरि).—Āśrama at, sacred to Nara-Nārāyaṇa in Gandhamādana; the place where Hari is said to perform tapas for the welfare of the world; visited by Kṛṣṇa; as directed by Kṛṣṇa on the eve of his departure to Heaven, Uddhava made it his abode;1 Kakudmi spent the evening of his life at that place.2 See Badrikā. Here Mucukunda performed tapas meditating on Hari.3 See Badariyāśrama. A tīrtha sacred to Ūrvaśī;4 sacred to the Pitṛs;5 āśrama where Mitra and Varuṇa performed penance.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 4. 4, 22, 32; VII. 11. 6; X. 66[13]; XI. 4. 7; 29. 41, 47; XII. 9. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 25. 67; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 34.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 3. 36
  • 3) Ib. X. 52. 4.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 49.
  • 5) Ib. 22. 73.
  • 6) Ib. 201. 24.

2) Badarī (बदरी).—The name of the dvīpa where Bādarāyaṇa was born.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 14. 16.

3) Bādari (बादरि).—Syāma Parāśara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 201. 37.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Badarī (बदरी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.32.3, III.174.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Badarī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bādari (बादरि) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. His name can also be spelled Bādira. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Bādari) various roles suitable to them.

Source: Natya Shastra

Badarī (बदरी).—A celebrated place of pilgrimage near the source of the Ganges, the Bhadrinath of modern travellers .—Monier Williams, s.v.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Badarī (बदरी) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Badarī and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Badarī (बदरी) is also mentioned as a synonym for Kārpāsī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.188-189. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Badarī and Kālāñjanī, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Badari (बदरि) refers to the “jujuba tree” and is mentioned as a source of fuel for boiling water (jala), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—[...]. It is interesting to note that the properties of boiled water based on the fuel used to boil the same are described. The fuels discussed here are [viz., badari (jujuba tree)]

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Badarī (बदरी) refers to the medicinal plant Ziziphus jujuba Lamk. Syn. Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Syn. Rhamnus jujube L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Badarī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Ziziphus jujuba Lamk. Syn. Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Syn. Rhamnus jujube L. (Badarī) is also known as Kola according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Addaiyan Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: Tantra Literature of Kerala- Special Reference to Mātṛsadbhāva

Badarī (बदरी) or “Indian jujube” refers to of the trees used for making Bimbas or Pratimās, according to the Mātṛsadbhāva, one of the earliest Śākta Tantras from Kerala.—Mātṛsadbhāva is a Kerala Tantric ritual manual dealing with the worship of Goddess Bhadrakālī (also known as Rurujit) along with sapta-mātṛs or Seven mothers. [...] There are many descriptions about the flora and fauna in Mātṛssadbhāva. [...] In the fourth chapter the author discussed about different types of trees [e.g., badarī] can be used to make pratimā or bimba.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Badarī (बदरी)—Sanskrit word for the plant “jujube tree” (Zizyphus jujuba).

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Badari in the Telugu language is the name of a plant identified with Ziziphus jujuba Mill. from the Rhamnaceae (Ber) family having the following synonyms: Rhamnus zizyphus, Ziziphus chinensis, Ziziphus vulgaris, Ziziphus sativa. For the possible medicinal usage of badari, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Badari in India is the name of a plant defined with Gossypium herbaceum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gossypium arboreum Vell. (among others).

2) Badari is also identified with Ziziphus jujuba It has the synonym Rhamnus jujuba L. (etc.).

3) Badari is also identified with Ziziphus mauritiana It has the synonym Rhamnus jujuba Linnaeus (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Acta Agric. Univ. Zhejiang. (1997)
· Florae Senegambiae Tentamen (1831)
· Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (1913)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1789)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Fl. Chiapas (1990)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Badari, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

badarī : (f.) the jujube tree.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Badarī, (f.) (cp. Sk. badarī) the jujube tree J. II, 260. (Page 481)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

badarī (बदरी).—f (S) Jujube-tree, Zizyphus Jujuba or scandens.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Badari (बदरि).—f. The jujube tree.

Derivable forms: badariḥ (बदरिः).

--- OR ---

Badarī (बदरी).—

1) The jujube tree; see बादरायण (bādarāyaṇa).

2) = बदरिका (badarikā) (2) above.

3) The cotton shrub.

--- OR ---

Bādari (बादरि).—Name of a philosopher.

Derivable forms: bādariḥ (बादरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badari (बदरि).—m.

(-riḥ) The jujube: see badara. E. badd to be firm, aff. ari .

--- OR ---

Badarī (बदरी).—f.

(-rīḥ) 1. The jujube tree. 2. A name of one of the sources of the Ganges and the hermitage of Nara and Narayana. E. badara, ṅīṣ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bādari (बादरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted in Mīmāṃsāsūtra 3, 1, 3. 6, 1, 27. 8, 3, 6. in Brahmasūtra Oxf. 220^b, by Kātyāyana in Śrautasūtra Iv, 3, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Badarī (बदरी):—[from badara] a f. See below

2) [from badara] b f. the jujube tree (also wrongly for its berry), [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the cotton shrub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Mucuna Pruritus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the sources of the Ganges etc. (= badarikā), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

6) Bādari (बादरि):—[from bādara] m. ([patronymic] [from] badara) Name of a philosopher, [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badari (बदरि):—(riḥ) 2. m. The jujube.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Badarī (बदरी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Borī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Badari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Badari (ಬದರಿ):—

1) [noun] the tree Ziziphus mauritiana ( = Z. jujuba) of Rhamnaceae family; jujube.

2) [noun] its fruit.

3) [noun] the cotton plant (esp. Gossypium herbaceum).

4) [noun] a holy centre in the Chamoli district of Uttaranchal state in North India.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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