Badarika, Badarikā, Bādarika: 13 definitions


Badarika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Badarika in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Badarikā (बदरिका).—The sages of, visited Dvārakā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 90. 28[5].
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Badarikā (बदरिका) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.13). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Badarikā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Badarika in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Badarikā (बदरिका ) is the name of a holy hermitage to which Vararuci travelled in in order to put off his body, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara chapter 5. Vararuci is the name of an incarnation of Puṣpadanta, a subordinate of Śiva who was cursed by Pārvatī after overhearing Śiva narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas.

Devadatta also made his journey to Badarikā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 7. Accordingly, “thinking a life of no value which was thus branded by his parents, went in a state of despondency to the hermitage of Badarikā to perform penance; there he first ate leaves, and afterwards he fed only on smoke, persevering in a long course of austerities in order to propitiate the husband of Umā.” Devadatta is the name of one of the sons of Govindadatta, a learned Brāhman from Bahusuvarṇaka.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Badarikā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Lord Siva's Song: The Isvara Gita

Badarikā, known today as Badrinath, is the locale in the Himālayas. It has historically been an important pilgrimage center both for Vaiṣṇavas and Śaivas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Complete Vedic Glossary

Badarikā—(āśrama) The holy place on the banks of the Alakanandā and Sarasvatī Rivers, among the peaks of the Himalayas, where Lord Nara-Nārāyaṇa and Dvaipāyana Vyāsa reside.

In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Badarikā (बदरिका) (=Badara) refers to the “fruit of the jujube tree”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 135, l. 31]—‘Badara’ (Gujarati: Bora) means the fruit of the jujube tree known in Sanskrit as Badarī, Karkandhu, Karkandhū, Koli and Kuvalī. This may remind one of ‘kuṇḍa-badara-nyāya’ occurring in Śāṅkara-bhāṣya on Brahmasūtra (II, ii, 17). The phrase occurs on p. 144, l. 16 and the word ‘badarikā’ on p. 278, l. 9 which means boraḍī in Gujarati

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Badarika in India is the name of a plant defined with Gossypium herbaceum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gossypium arboreum Parl. (among others).

2) Badarika is also identified with Ziziphus jujuba It has the synonym Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam., nom. illeg., non Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· J. Hebei Agric. Univ. (1987)
· Acta Agric. Univ. Zhejiang. (1997)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1789)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Badarika, for example side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Badarikā (बदरिका).—

1) The jujube tree or its fruit; अन्ये बदरिकाकारा बहिरेव मनोहराः (anye badarikākārā bahireva manoharāḥ) H.1.9.

2) Name of one of the many sources of the Ganges and of the neighbouring hermitage of the sages Nara and Nārāyaṇa.

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Bādarika (बादरिक).—a. (- f.) One who gathers jujube fruits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badarikā (बदरिका).—badarikā(?), i. e. badarī + ka (see the last), f. The jujube, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 93, M. M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badarikā (बदरिका).—[feminine] [Name] of one of the sources of the Gaṅgā & a neighbouring hermitage of Nara & Nārāyana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Badarikā (बदरिका):—[from badara] f. the fruit or berry of the jujube, [Hitopadeśa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the sources of the Ganges and the neighbouring hermitage of Nara and Nārāyaṇa (= badarī), [Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

3) Bādarika (बादरिक):—[from bādara] mfn. one who gathers the fruit of the jujube tree, [Pāṇini 4-4, 32 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Badarika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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