Avatirna, Avatīrṇa, Avatīrṇā: 13 definitions


Avatirna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Avatirn.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Avatīrṇā (अवतीर्णा) refers to “she who has come down”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The goddess (Kubjikā, as the Vidyā) of thirty-two (syllables) who is Supreme Śiva’s energy, is Kaulinī (who possesses an) adamantine body (vajradehā). She has come down [i.e., avatīrṇā] along the Path of Meru and is the five sacred seats (that is, the Five Praṇavas) at the beginning and end (of her Vidyā), and the best of the gods bow to her. In the division (she is) the New and the Full Moon (amā and pūrṇā) and is endowed with the parts (pada) and instruments (karaṇa) (of the Vidyā). She is the sixteen(fold) Command and is well energized (sudīptā) by the seven Peak (Syllables). (She is) Nityā, who quells the fear of phenomenal existence. O mistress (svāminī)! Tell (me) the Vidyā”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Avatirna in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण) refers to “incarnated oneself (in divine form)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.44 (“Menā regains consciousness”).—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Menā: “[...] Whatever is seen in the universe from Brahmā down to a blade of grass is identical with Śiva. Know it. There need not be any hesitation in this matter. He alone, in the course of his divine sport, has incarnated himself (avatīrṇa) in divine form. It was by the fascination of Pārvatī’s penance that He has come to your threshold. Hence, O wife of Himavat, eschew your sorrow. Worship Śiva. You will have great pleasure. All pain will be quelled”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण).—p S Descended into some human or earthly form--a deity. 2 Descended.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण).—p Descended into some human form; descended.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण).—p. p.

1) Descended, alighted, come down; शैलराजावतीर्णां जह्नोः कन्याम् (śailarājāvatīrṇāṃ jahnoḥ kanyām) Meghadūta 52; जलनिधिमनुरूपं जह्नुकन्या- वतीर्णा (jalanidhimanurūpaṃ jahnukanyā- vatīrṇā) R.6.85; संसारपथमवतीर्णानाम् (saṃsārapathamavatīrṇānām) K.175 who have entered upon mundane life.

2) Bathed in; उदधिमिवाव- तीर्णः (udadhimivāva- tīrṇaḥ) K.158; come to, entered into.

3) Appeared as an incarnation; तदर्थमवतीर्णोऽसौ मन्नियोगाच्चतुर्भुजः (tadarthamavatīrṇo'sau manniyogāccaturbhujaḥ) Mb.; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

4) Crossed, passed over; अपि नामावतीर्णोऽसि बाणगोचरम् (api nāmāvatīrṇo'si bāṇagocaram) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1 crossed the path, gone within the range, of arrows; दर्शनपथमवतीर्णः (darśanapathamavatīrṇaḥ) Ś.3.

5) Fallen (as the night); अवतीर्णायां तस्यां यामिन्याम् (avatīrṇāyāṃ tasyāṃ yāminyām) K.269; भरेणावतीर्णायां रजन्याम् (bhareṇāvatīrṇāyāṃ rajanyām) K.368.

6) Translated.

-rṇam (= avatāraḥ) Manifestation; cf. पद्मावतीर्णपूर्णा (padmāvatīrṇapūrṇā) Svapna.1.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण).—ppp. of avatarati, q.v., that has penetrated (intellectually), comprehended: avatīrṇasya pudgalasya Bodhisattvabhūmi 81.8 (compare avatāra 3, q.v., 81.6); avatīrṇānāṃ paripācanāya [Page072-a+ 71] Bodhisattvabhūmi 308.12 (follows madhyasthānām avatāraṇāya, see avatāraṇa); -dharmanayāvatīrṇaḥ Lalitavistara 181.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Descended, alighted. 2. Crossed, passed over. 3. Translated. E. ava and tṝ with kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण).—[adjective] come down, descended (cf. [preceding]) from ([ablative] or —°), in consequence of or in the shape of (—°), fallen or got into ([accusative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण):—[=ava-tīrṇa] [from ava-tṝ] mfn. alighted, descended

2) [v.s. ...] got over (a disease), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] translated, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण):—[ava-tīrṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) p. Descended; crossed, passed over; incarnate.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Avaiṇṇa, Avayaria, Uttiṇṇa, Oaria, Oiṇṇa, Orasia, Ohia.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avatirna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Avatīrṇa (अवतीर्ण) [Also spelled avatirn]:—(a) descended; incarnated.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avatīrṇa (ಅವತೀರ್ಣ):—

1) [adjective] came down; displaced to a lower place.

2) [adjective] manifested in human form; incarnated.

3) [adjective] passed; crossed over.

4) [adjective] (the sense of a word, passage or work, etc.) rendered or expressed into or in another language.

5) [adjective] reached; arrived (at); touched.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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