Avayava: 15 definitions
Avayava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Nyaya (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya
Avayava (अवयव) refers to “members (of syllogism)”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
Avayava (अवयव, “doctrine”) refers to “members of syllogism” and represents the seventh of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE).
According to Gautama, avayavas are:—
- pratijñā (proposition),
- hetu (reason),
- udāharaṇa (example),
- upanaya (application),
- nigamana (conclusion).
Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Avayava (अवयव) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Avayava (अवयव).—Member or portion, as opposed to the total or collection (समुदाय (samudāya)) which is called अवयविन् (avayavin); cf. अवयवप्रसिद्धेः समुदायप्रसिद्धिर्बलीयसी (avayavaprasiddheḥ samudāyaprasiddhirbalīyasī) Par.Śek. Pari. 98. The conventional sense is more powerful than the derivative sense.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
India history and geogprahySource: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
Avayava (अवयव) is the name of a work ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.), son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya, who was exponent on Navya Nyāya system on Indian Philosophy and well-versed in Tantrasāra. Some of Gokulanātha’s verses are mentioned in Vidyākarasahasraka (pp. 92-93).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
avayava : (m.) limb; a part; a constituent.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Avayava, (Dern uncertain. Cp. mediaeval Sk. avayava) limb, member, constituent, part VvA. 53 (sarīra° = gattā). 168, 201, 276; PvA. 211 (sarīra° = gattā), 251 (mūl° the fibres of the root). As t. t. g. at SnA 397. In the commentaries avayava is often used where aṃga would have been used in the older texts. (Page 83)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
avayava (अवयव).—m (S) A limb or member: also a part or appendage. 2 fig. A bubby, and pl a woman's breast. v yē. Ex. mulīlā a0 ālē.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
avayava (अवयव).—m A limb; a part.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Avayava (अवयव).—[avayūyate kāryadravyeṇa saṃbadhyate, ava-yu-karmaṇi-ap]
1) limb (of the body); मुखावयवलूनां ताम् (mukhāvayavalūnāṃ tām) R.12.43, Amaru. 45,51; a member (in general); कस्मिंश्चिदपि जीवति नन्दान्व- यावयेव (kasmiṃścidapi jīvati nandānva- yāvayeva) Mu.1.
2) A part, portion (as of a whole); पदे न वर्णा विद्यन्ते वर्णेष्ववयवा न च (pade na varṇā vidyante varṇeṣvavayavā na ca) Bhartṛ; द्रव्याणां केनचिदवयवेन (dravyāṇāṃ kenacidavayavena) Dk. 61; क्तेनाहोरात्रावयवाः (ktenāhorātrāvayavāḥ) P.II.1.45; II.1.46.
3) A member or a component part of a logical argument or syllogism, (these are five :pratijñā, hetu, udāharaṇa, upanaya and nigamana).
4) The body.
5) A component, constituent, ingredient (in general), as of a compound &c.
6) A means (sādhana, upakaraṇa).
Derivable forms: avayavaḥ (अवयवः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ) 1. A limb, a member. 2. A part, a portion. 3. Division of a logical argument or syllogism. E. ava, yu to join, ac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Avayava (अवयव).—i. e. ava-yu + a, m. 1. A limb, [Daśakumāracarita] in
1) Avayava (अवयव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[nyāya] by Bhavānanda. Bp. 307.
2) Avayava (अवयव):—[nyāya] by Goloka. Stein 144 (inc.).
3) Avayava (अवयव):—[nyāya] Hz. 1351.
—Avayavaṭippanī on Gaṅgeśa’s chapter Avayava (Bibl. Ind. p. 686) by Kaṇāda Tarkavāgīśabhaṭṭācārya. Cs 3, 335 (inc.). 582. Hpr. 1, 14.
—C. by Gadādhara. Cs 3, 243 (inc.). 246 (inc.). 260. 286 (inc.). 305 ([fragmentary]). 322 (inc.). 519 (inc.). Hz. 826. 928. 1248. 1372. Io. No. 1894.
—[sub-commentary] by Kṛṣṇambhaṭṭa. Hz. 996. 1238.
—C. by Jagadīśa. Cs 3, 253. 259 (inc.). 323.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Avayavadharma, Avayavadidhitividyota, Avayavamanididhitivivarana, Avayavanirupana, Avayavaprasiddhi, Avayavartha, Avayavarupaka, Avayavasha, Avayavashah, Avayavashas, Avayavashashthi, Avayavavayavivicara, Avayavavirupaka.
Full-text (+10): Antaravayava, Avayavin, Pratyavayavavarnana, Candrajyotsna, Savayava, Ekashariravayava, Yajnavayava, Ekavayava, Niravayava, Avayavartha, Padartha, Pancavayava, Avayavaprasiddhi, Shodasha Padartha, Avadharin, Niravadya, Avaccheda, Anavastha, Pratyavayava, Akuncana.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Avayava, Ava-yava; (plurals include: Avayavas, yavas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter III.f - Prabhācandra’s view regarding matter < [Chapter III - Categories]
Chapter III.c - Concept of relation (sambandha) < [Chapter III - Categories]
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Dialectical terms (2): Demonstration (sthāpanā) < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Ten technical debate terms [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Cosmology [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 3 - Fundamental Theories]
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 18 - Some Ontological Problems on which the Different Indian Systems Diverged < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 6 - Some Ontological Problems connected with the Doctrine of Perception < [Chapter IX - Mīmāṃsā Philosophy]
Part 2 - Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika sūtras < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
2. Debate with the Atomist < [Part 12 - Non-existence of the outer object]
I. The three meditative stabilizations (samādhi) according to the Abhidharma < [Class 1: The three meditative stabilizations]
Emptiness 1-3: Inner, Outer and both Inner and Outer < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 6 - Various Considerations regarding Inference < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]