Avayava: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Avayava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Avayava in Nyaya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Avayava (अवयव) refers to “members (of syllogism)”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Avayava (अवयव, “doctrine”) refers to “members of syllogism” and represents the seventh of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE).

According to Gautama, avayavas are:—

  1. pratijñā (proposition),
  2. hetu (reason),
  3. udāharaṇa (example),
  4. upanaya (application),
  5. nigamana (conclusion).
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Avayava (अवयव) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Avayava (अवयव).—Member or portion, as opposed to the total or collection (समुदाय (samudāya)) which is called अवयविन् (avayavin); cf. अवयवप्रसिद्धेः समुदायप्रसिद्धिर्बलीयसी (avayavaprasiddheḥ samudāyaprasiddhirbalīyasī) Par.Śek. Pari. 98. The conventional sense is more powerful than the derivative sense.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Avayava (अवयव) is the name of a work ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.), son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya, who was exponent on Navya Nyāya system on Indian Philosophy and well-versed in Tantrasāra. Some of Gokulanātha’s verses are mentioned in Vidyākarasahasraka (pp. 92-93).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Avayava in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

avayava : (m.) limb; a part; a constituent.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Avayava, (Dern uncertain. Cp. mediaeval Sk. avayava) limb, member, constituent, part VvA. 53 (sarīra° = gattā). 168, 201, 276; PvA. 211 (sarīra° = gattā), 251 (mūl° the fibres of the root). As t. t. g. at SnA 397. In the commentaries avayava is often used where aṃga would have been used in the older texts. (Page 83)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avayava (अवयव).—m (S) A limb or member: also a part or appendage. 2 fig. A bubby, and pl a woman's breast. v . Ex. mulīlā a0 ālē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avayava (अवयव).—m A limb; a part.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avayava (अवयव).—[avayūyate kāryadravyeṇa saṃbadhyate, ava-yu-karmaṇi-ap]

1) limb (of the body); मुखावयवलूनां ताम् (mukhāvayavalūnāṃ tām) R.12.43, Amaru. 45,51; a member (in general); कस्मिंश्चिदपि जीवति नन्दान्व- यावयेव (kasmiṃścidapi jīvati nandānva- yāvayeva) Mu.1.

2) A part, portion (as of a whole); पदे न वर्णा विद्यन्ते वर्णेष्ववयवा न च (pade na varṇā vidyante varṇeṣvavayavā na ca) Bhartṛ; द्रव्याणां केनचिदवयवेन (dravyāṇāṃ kenacidavayavena) Dk. 61; क्तेनाहोरात्रावयवाः (ktenāhorātrāvayavāḥ) P.II.1.45; II.1.46.

3) A member or a component part of a logical argument or syllogism, (these are five :pratijñā, hetu, udāharaṇa, upanaya and nigamana).

4) The body.

5) A component, constituent, ingredient (in general), as of a compound &c.

6) A means (sādhana, upakaraṇa).

Derivable forms: avayavaḥ (अवयवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avayava (अवयव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A limb, a member. 2. A part, a portion. 3. Division of a logical argument or syllogism. E. ava, yu to join, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avayava (अवयव).—i. e. ava-yu + a, m. 1. A limb, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 190, 16. 2. A part, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avayava (अवयव).—[masculine] limb, member; p. vin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Avayava (अवयव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[nyāya] by Bhavānanda. Bp. 307.

2) Avayava (अवयव):—[nyāya] by Goloka. Stein 144 (inc.).

3) Avayava (अवयव):—[nyāya] Hz. 1351.
—Avayavaṭippanī on Gaṅgeśa’s chapter Avayava (Bibl. Ind. p. 686) by Kaṇāda Tarkavāgīśabhaṭṭācārya. Cs 3, 335 (inc.). 582. Hpr. 1, 14.
—C. by Gadādhara. Cs 3, 243 (inc.). 246 (inc.). 260. 286 (inc.). 305 ([fragmentary]). 322 (inc.). 519 (inc.). Hz. 826. 928. 1248. 1372. Io. No. 1894.
—[sub-commentary] by Kṛṣṇambhaṭṭa. Hz. 996. 1238.
—C. by Jagadīśa. Cs 3, 253. 259 (inc.). 323.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avayava (अवयव):—[=ava-yava] a etc. See ava-√yu.

2) [=ava-yava] [from ava-yu] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a limb, member, part, portion, [Pāṇini etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a member or component part of a logical argument or syllogism, [Nyāya] etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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