Anupurvi, Anupūrvī, Ānupūrvī: 7 definitions

Introduction

Anupurvi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ānupūrvī (आनुपूर्वी).—Serial order, successive order of grammatical operations or the rules prescribing them as they occur; cf. आनुपूर्व्या सिद्धमेतत् (ānupūrvyā siddhametat) M.Bh. on V.3.5; cf. also ययैव चानुपूर्व्या अर्थानां प्रादुर्भावस्तयैव शब्दानामपि । तद्वत् कार्यैरपि भवितव्यम् (yayaiva cānupūrvyā arthānāṃ prādurbhāvastayaiva śabdānāmapi | tadvat kāryairapi bhavitavyam) M.Bh. on. P.I.1.57.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Ānupūrvī (आनुपूर्वी) or Ānupūrvya refers to “migratory /movement after death” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by migratory /movement after death (ānupūrvī) body-making karma? The karmas rise of which the form of the previous body does not disappear during the transitory period are called migratory form body-making karma. 

 There are four sub types of migratory form (ānupūrvī) body-making karma relating to the tendency of the soul to move towards the four states of existence, namely:

  1. infernal (nāraka-ānupūrvī),
  2. heavenly (deva-ānupūrvī),
  3. human (manuṣya-ānupūrvī),
  4. sub-human (tiryañc-ānupūrvī). 

When does the rise of migratory form (ānupūrvī) body-making karma take place? It takes place during the transitory state i.e. movement from previous existence to the next birth in the next existence. 

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Anupūrvī (अनुपूर्वी) refers to “serial sequences”, as explained in the Anuyogadvārasūtra: a technical treatise on analytical methods, a kind of guide to applying knowledge.—In the course of the development of a topic, many technical matters are also treated, which relate to: (1) measures of space and time, from indefinitely small to indefinitely enormous; (2) numbers (3) quantities; (4) mathematical concerns in general. These analyses are motivated by the term anupūrvī – ‘serial sequences’ – which is another understanding of the term ‘commencement’. Hence the Anuyogadvāra-sūtra is also of interest to historians of computation and mathematics in ancient India.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Anupūrvī.—cf. saṃvatsaraḥ dvitīyaḥ hemanta-pakṣaḥ caturthaḥ lithir = daśamī anay = ānupūrvyā. Cf. pūrvā. Note: anupūrvī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ānupūrvī (आनुपूर्वी).—f S ānupūrvya n S Order, method, regular disposition, course, or consecution. 2 Used ignorantly in the sense of avataraṇa Sig. I.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ānupūrvī (आनुपूर्वी).—[anupūrvasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ tato vā ṅīṣi yalopaḥ]

1) Order, succession, series; देव्या चाख्यातं सर्वमेवानु- पूर्व्याद्वाचा संपूर्णं वायुपुत्रः शशंस (devyā cākhyātaṃ sarvamevānu- pūrvyādvācā saṃpūrṇaṃ vāyuputraḥ śaśaṃsa) Rām.5.65.28 वसीरन्नानुपूर्व्येण शाणक्षौमाविकानि च (vasīrannānupūrvyeṇa śāṇakṣaumāvikāni ca) Ms.2.41.

2) (In law) The regular order of the castes; षडानुपूर्व्या विप्रस्य क्षत्रस्य चतुरोऽवरान् (ṣaḍānupūrvyā viprasya kṣatrasya caturo'varān) Ms.3.23.

3) (In logic) Conclusion regularly or syllogistically drawn.

-vat Having a (definite) order; आनुपूर्व्यवतामेकदेशग्रहणेषु आगमवदन्त्यलोपः स्यात् (ānupūrvyavatāmekadeśagrahaṇeṣu āgamavadantyalopaḥ syāt) | Ms.1.5.1.

See also (synonyms): ānupūrva, ānupūrvya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anupūrvī (अनुपूर्वी).—(= Pali °pubbī, beside ānupubbi; Sanskrit only ānu°), succession, regular series: °vī-bandham Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 255.1, cited Śikṣāsamuccaya 135.5 (wrongly em. in ed.).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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