Nitamba, Nitambā: 16 definitions



Nitamba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Nitamba (नितम्ब).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this nitamba-karaṇa is as follows, “arms to be first thrown up and hands to have their fingers pointing upwards and the Baddhā Cārī to be observed.”. A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Nitamba (नितम्ब) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘dance hands’ (nṛttahasta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Nitamba (buttock): Patāka hands face upwards, turned over, (extended from) the shoulder to the buttocks. Patron deity Agastya. Usage: weariness, descent or entry (avataraṇa), astonishment, ecstasy, etc.

2) Nitamba is one of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-seven combined Hands).

Source: Natya Shastra

Nitamba (नितम्ब).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);—(Instructions): The two Patāka hands taken out from the boulder [to the hip]. The Dance-hands are to be used in forming Karaṇas.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Nitambā (नितम्बा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Kanda, the fifth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Nitambā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Nitamba (नितम्ब) refers to the “middle part” of a mountain (giri) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Nitamba], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Nitamba (नितम्ब) refers to the “lower part” (of a tree), as mentioned in a list of three synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) verse 28a.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nitamba in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nitamba : (m.) 1. the hip; 2. the ridge of a mountain.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nitamba, (Sk. nitamba; etym. unknown) the ridge of a mountain or a glen, gully DA. I, 209. (Page 357)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nitamba (नितंब).—m (S) Buttocks or posteriors (esp of a woman). 2 unc A buttock.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nitamba (नितंब).—m Buttocks or posteriors (esp. of a woman). A buttock.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nitamba (नितम्ब).—[nibhṛtaṃ tamyate kāmukaiḥ, tamu kāṅkṣāyām]

1) The buttocks, posteriors (of a woman), (the circumference of the hip and loins); यातं यच्च नितम्बयोर्गुरुतया मन्दं विलासा- दिव (yātaṃ yacca nitambayorgurutayā mandaṃ vilāsā- diva) Ś.2.2; R.4.52;6.17; Me.43; Bh.1.5; M.2.7.

2) The slope, ridge, side, flank of a mountain; सनाक- वनितं नितम्बरुचिरम् (sanāka- vanitaṃ nitambaruciram) (girim) Ki.5.27; सेव्या नितम्बाः किमु भूधराणामुत स्मरस्मेरविलासिनीनाम् (sevyā nitambāḥ kimu bhūdharāṇāmuta smarasmeravilāsinīnām) Bh.1.19; V.4.26; Bk. 2.8;7.58.

3) A precipice.

4) The sloping bank of a river; Mb.1.12.12.

5) The shoulder.

6) The sounding-board of the Vīṇā.

Derivable forms: nitambaḥ (नितम्बः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nitamba (नितम्ब).—m.

(-mbaḥ) 1. A woman’s buttock’s. 2. The buttocks or posteriors in general, or as it is sometimes applied, to the circumference of the hip and loins. 3. The shoulder. 4. The side of a mountain. 5. The sloping bank or shore of a river. E. ni prefixed to tamb to go, affix ac; or tam to go with ba aff. nibhṛtaṃ tamyate kāmyate kāmukaiḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nitamba (नितम्ब).— (akin to stamba), m. 1. du. The buttocks, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 35. 2. The slpe of a mountain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 34. 3. A bank, Mahābhārata 1, 4650.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nitamba (नितम्ब).—[masculine] the buttocks, [especially] of a woman (mostly [dual]); ridge or side (of a mountain); the sloping bank (of a river).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nitamba (नितम्ब):—m. the buttocks or hinder parts ([especially] of a woman; mostly [dual number]; ifc. f(ā). ; -tā f.)

2) ([figuratively]) the ridge or side or swell of a mountain, the sloping bank or shore of a river, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) the shoulder, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) the sounding-board of the Vīṇā, [Kāvya literature]

5) a [particular] position of the hands in dancing, [Catalogue(s)]

6) Nitambā (नितम्बा):—[from nitamba] f. a form of Durgā, [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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