Wisdom Library Logo

Appendix 2.3: new and rare words

In making this list, the determining factor was whether the word was in Monier-Williams, Sanskrit-English Dictionary, ed. 1899. The references to L. and grammarians are as given in that work. Both editions of the Petersburg Wörterbuch were checked, of course; and several words in this list, not cited in earlier lexicons, are found in Schmidt’s Nachtrāge to the Petersburg lexicon. But the Jain texts still do not receive the attention to which they are entitled from lexicographers. The references to the text of the Triṣaṣṭi0 are not exhaustive, but illustrative. The list is intended to include new words, words cited only from L. and grammarians, additional meanings to words quoted, and variants in form.

Starting with A

akaṣṭam (अकष्टम्, akashtam), adv. 2. 3. 30, without effort.
akāmanirjarā (अकामनिर्जरा, akamanirjara), f. 3. 7. 88, involuntary destruction of karma.
See PE (सेए <अब्ब्र् तित्ले="अर्ध-मागधी कोष">पे, see pe), akāmanijjarā.
agrapāṇi (अग्रपाणि, agrapani), m. 3. 1. 145, right hand, L.
agregū (अग्रेगू, agregu), m. 2. 3. 831, leader. Cf. PS.
aṅkuṭaka (अङ्कुटक, ankutaka), m. or n. 2. 6. 572, hook. Cf. 1.1. 715.
aṇapannika (अणपन्निक, anapannika), m. 2. 2. 411, a class of Vyantaras, the same as aprajñaptika, q.v.
atāraka (अतारक, ataraka), m. 2. 6. 309, one who can not swim.
atipāṇḍukambalā (अतिपाण्डुकम्बला, atipandukambala), f. 2. 2. 483, the rock on the top of Meru on which the Jina’s birth-bath took place. Cf. PS.
atirikta (अतिरिक्त), n. 2. 1. 191, sin. Cf. Pañcaprati., p. 133, where atireka mean ‘sin.’
adaśā (अदशा, adasha), f. 3. 4. 10, misfortune.
adūṣya (अदूष्य, adushya), adj. 2. 3. 201, spotless. Cf. PS.
advaita (अद्वैत), adj. 2. 2. 269, consisting of nothing but, in compd. Cf. 1. 4. 485.
adhvanya (अध्वन्य), m. 2. 5. 43, traveler. Only Pāṇ.
anargala (अनर्गल), adj. 3. 3. 81, without a bar (literally).
anākarṇitaka (अनाकर्णितक, anakarnitaka), m. or n. 2. 6. 66, a pretense of not hearing.
animitta (अनिमित्त), n. 2. 6. 94, a bad omen. Cf. PS.
anirviṇṇa (अनिर्विण्ण, anirvinna), adj. 2. 4. 222, unwearied. Cf. PS.
anuttaravimāna (अनुत्तरविमान, anuttaravimana), n. 2. 1. 306, the highest heavens.
anuttāla (अनुत्ताल, anuttala), adj. 2. 2. 578, not out of tune, in harmony (?). Cf. uttāla in PK and PH.
anudghāta (अनुद्घात, anudghata), adj. 2. 3. 211, unstumbling.
anupadin (अनुपदिन्), m. 2. 6. 687, a follower. Only Pāṇ.
anuyoga (अनुयोग), m. 3. 2. 151, exposition (of doctrine).
anuśī (अनुशी, anushi), 3. 1. 76, to regret.
antaya (अन्तय), nom. 3. 1. 88, to make an end of, L.
andhatamasa (अन्धतमस), n. 2. 3. 452, intense darkness. Only Pāṇ.
apavidyā (अपविद्या, apavidya), f. 2. 6. 262, evil sciences. Cf. PS.
aprajñaptika (अप्रज्ञप्तिक, aprajnaptika), m. 2. 3. 525, a dass of Vyantaras.
abhayada (अभयद), adj. 3. 4. 180, bestowing safety, a position of the hands.
abhitas (अभितस्), ind. 2. 1. 148, used intensively in comparisons.
abhivarṇana (अभिवर्णन, abhivarnana), n. 3. 7. 103, praise (?).
amāri (अमारि, amari), f. (?) 3. 3. 51, non-destruction.
amhurāśi (अम्हुराशि, amhurashi), m. 2.1. 3i2=sāgaropama as measure of time.
ambola (?) (अम्बोल (?)), 2. 5. 137, depth. See App. I.
arṇava (अर्णव, arnava), m. 3. 4. 196=sāgaropama, measure of time.
alam (अलम्), ind. with pres, indie., 2. 3. 905; 2. 6. 545, 566, able to.
alasa (अलस), nom. 2. 1. 143, to he lazy, inactive.
avakratā (अवक्रता, avakrata), f. 3. 3. 89, crookedness.
avatāraṇa (अवतारण, avatarana), n. 2. 3. 229, waving.
aśrutapūrva (अश्रुतपूर्व, ashrutapurva), adj. 2. 6. 64, never heard before.
asoḍhapūrvin (असोढपूर्विन्, asodhapurvin), adj. 2. 3. 882, not having endured before.
astra (अस्त्र), n. 3.1. 36, a weapon in general, L.
astramandira (अस्त्रमन्दिर), n. 2. 4. 1=°āgara, arsenal.
astravidyā (अस्त्रविद्या, astravidya), f. 2. 5. 47, military science, L.
astraveda (अस्त्रवेद), m. 2. 4. 158=°vidyā.

Starting with B

āghaṭṭ (आघट्ट्, aghatt), 2. 3. 192, to rub against.
āghāṭa (आघाट, aghata), m. 2. 6. 311, boundary, L.
āttavela (आत्तवेल, attavela), m. 2. 3. 302, servant (?).
āpaka (आपक, apaka), adj. 3. 3. 52, obtaining results.
āpūrṇa (आपूर्ण, apurna), adj. 2. 3. 32, complete.
āpyāyaka (आप्यायक, apyayaka), adj. 2. 2. 6, refreshing, giving pleasure.
āpyāyakatva (आप्यायकत्व, apyayakatva), n. 2. 2. 533, strength. Cf. āpyāyana in PW.
ābhiyogya (आभियोग्य, abhiyogya), m. 3. 1. 263, class of servant-gods.
āmukha (आमुख, amukha), n. 3. 2. 2, commencement, L.
āyatabhuja (आयतभुज, ayatabhuja), adj. 3. 3. 62, long-armed, i.e., powerful.
āyukta (आयुक्त, ayukta), adj. 2. 3. 200, appointed, charged with, L.
ārakṣa (आरक्ष, araksha), m. 2. 5. 173=ārakṣaka, guard.
āliṅgipuṣkara (आलिङ्गिपुष्कर, alingipushkara), m. or n. 2. 2. 290, a kind of drum. Cf. āliṅgimṛdaṅga, 1. 2. 359.
āliñjara (आलिञ्जर, alinjara), m. 2. 3. 625, a large clay water-jar, L.
āvila (आविल, avila), adj. 2. 3.199, wet.
āsanāyukta (आसनायुक्त, asanayukta), m. 2. 6. 230, usher.

Starting with I

itthaṃkāram (इत्थंकारम्, itthamkaram), adv. 2. 3. 370, in this manner. Only Pāṇ. Cf. PS.
indrakuñjara (इन्द्रकुञ्जर, indrakunjara), m. 2. 4. 29, Indra’s elephant (airāvata), L.
indramantrin (इन्द्रमन्त्रिन्), m. 2. 3. 166, name of Bṛhaspati. Only scholiast.
ibhya (इभ्य), m. 3. 1. 224, elephant.

Starting with U

uktapūrvin (उक्तपूर्विन्, uktapurvin), adj. 2. 6. 361, having foretold, with acc.
uccaiḥśravas (उच्चैःश्रवस्, uccaihshravas), m. 2. 2. 560, Indra’s horse, L.
utkarṇatālaya (उत्कर्णतालय, utkarnatalaya), nom. 2. 4. 42, to cause (elephants) to flap erect ears.
uttāla (उत्ताल, uttala), adj. 2. 2. 541, loud, L.
utpattra (उत्पत्त्र), n. 2. 2. 155, offshoot.
utpāda (उत्पाद, utpada), adj. 3. 6. 39, having the legs extended upwards. See n. 452.
utpiṇḍita (उत्पिण्डित, utpindita), adj. 2. 3. 394, collected, amassed.
utpūra (उत्पूर, utpura), adj. 3. 3.106, flooded.
udastra (उदस्त्र), adj. 2. 3. 410, with raised weapon.
uddhatā (उद्धता, uddhata), f. 2. 2. 173, a proud gait (of the gods). See n. 73.
upagrāhikarma (उपग्राहिकर्म, upagrahikarma), n. 3. 2. 169, karma which helps to prolong existence. Āyus-, nāma-, gotra-, and vedanīyakarma are upagrāhi. See PE, nvaggaha.
upadhi (उपधि), m. 2. 3. 257, equipment, paraphernalia. Cf. PS.
uparodha (उपरोध), m. 2. 1. 272, importunity.
upasaṃvargita (उपसंवर्गित, upasamvargita), adj. 2. 3. 825, mingled.
upasarga (उपसर्ग), m. 2. 1. 285, an attack made on ascetics to disturb their meditations. See n. 152.
upāyam (उपायम्, upayam), 3. 6. 55, to marry.
ubhe (उभे), 3. 3. 255, two.
ulūla (उलूल, ulula), m. 2. 3. 826, auspicious noise.
ulluṇṭāka (उल्लुण्टाक, ulluntaka), m. 3. 4. 22, robber.
ullola (उल्लोल), m. 2. 6. 335, high waves, L.

Starting with Ū

ūrīkāra (ऊरीकार, urikara), m. 2. 4. 18, promise.
ūrdhvajñu (ऊर्ध्वज्ञु, urdhvajnu), adj. 3. 1. 336, apparently simply means ‘standing.’

Starting with E

ekadṛś (एकदृश्, ekadrish), adj. 2. 3. 330, one-eyed, L. Cf. PS.
ekāṅga (एकाङ्ग, ekanga), adj. 3. 7. 63, with an extraordinary or unique body. edh, 2. 3. 418, shine, blaze (?).
evaṃkāram (एवंकारम्, evamkaram), ind. 2. 2. 491, in this manner. Only Pāṇ.

Starting with O

otu (ओतु), m.f. 2. 310, cat. Sch. on Pāṇ. Cf. PS.

Starting with K

kaṅkāla (कङ्काल, kankala), nom. 2. 1. 123, ‘to become a skeleton.’
kaṭaka (कटक, kataka), m. 3.1. 270, anklet. See I, n. 290.
kaṇaya (कणय, kanaya), deśī, 2. 3. 37, a kind of weapon. See n. 129.
kaṇṭhanāda (कण्ठनाद, kanthanada), m. 2. 2. 273, a loud voice.
kandamūla (कन्दमूल, kandamula), n. 3.1. 24, radish, L.
kapiśīrṣaka (कपिशीर्षक, kapishirshaka), 3. 1. 32, top coping of wall.
kampana (कम्पन), 2. 3. 35=kampana, a kind of weapon.
karpaṭa (कर्पट, karpata), m. or n. 3. 1. 311=karbaṭa (or karvaṭa), a poor kind of town. See I, n. 322. Cf. PS, karpaṭaka= karvaṭaka, village.
karpaṭika (कर्पटिक, karpatika), m. 2. 3. 867, beggar. Cf. PS, karpaṭin.
kalakaṇṭha (कलकण्ठ, kalakantha), m. 2. 1. 115, Indian cuckoo, L. Cf. PS.
kaladhauta (कलधौत), n. 2. 2. 61, silver =°dhūta.
kalana (कलन), m. or n. 2. 2. 16, state of being provided with, the presence of. Quoted only f. in this sense.
kalaśatā f. 3. 3. 189 (कलशता f. ३. ३. १८९, kalashata f. 3. 3. 189), state of being a finial on top of temple.
kalahāya (कलहाय, kalahaya), nom. 3. 3. 147, to quarrel. Only Pāṇ.
kalpadrumāya. nom. 3. 2. 23 (कल्पद्रुमाय. नोम्. ३. २. २३, kalpadrumaya. nom. 3. 2. 23), to act like a kalpa-tree. Cf. PS.
kalpana (कल्पन), n. 2. 2. 316, making, L. (in neuter).
kalpānta (कल्पान्त, kalpanta), m. 3.1. 22, end of a kalpa, L.
kavacahara (कवचहर), m. 2. 1. 161, a Kṣatriya youth when arrived at the age suitable for martial training, (MW). Only Sch. on Pāṇ.
kaśā (कशा, kasha), f. 3. 4. 124, specifically, a horse-whip. Abhi. 4. 318.
kārmaṇita (कार्मणित, karmanita), adj. 2. 1. 246, bewitched.
kālavelā (कालवेला, kalavela), f. 3. 1. 383, a particular time of the day in which any religious act is improper (half a watch in every day), L.
kālākṣepa (कालाक्षेप, kalakshepa), m. 2. 4. 366, without delay.
kiṭṭīkaraṇa (किट्टीकरण, kittikarana), n. 2, 3, 338, making small, dividing. See kiṭṭi in PH and PE.
kīkasa (कीकस, kikasa), n. 2. 3. 313, bone, L.
kukṣimbhari (कुक्षिम्भरि, kukshimbhari), adj. 2. 5.117, filling the space between heaven and earth. Cf. PS.
kuṭṭima (कुट्टिम, kuttima), n. 2. 3. 225, cottage, L., or perhaps cottage-roof, which might be flat with inlaid floor. kuḍyaka, n. 2. 3. 624, wall, L.
kuṇīya (कुणीय, kuniya), nom. 2. 1. 126, to have a withered arm.
kutupa (कुतुप), m. 2. 6. 308, a small leathern oil-bottle. Only Pāṇ.
kunthu (कुन्थु), m. 2. 6. 153, a small three-sensed creature, used as a symbol of extreme smallness. See PH and PE, s.v.
kubodha (कुबोध), m. 3. 5. 2, wrong knowledge.
kṛṣṇakāka (कृष्णकाक, krishnakaka), m. 2. 6. 531, raven, L.
keśava (केशव, keshava), m. 2. 5. 104=Vāsudeva.
kośa (कोश, kosha), m. or n. 3. 5. 84, ball or globe, L.
kaumāra (कौमार, kaumara), n. 3.1. 241, rank as heir-apparent.
krauñca (क्रौञ्च, kraunca), m. 3. 3. 181, curlew, the emblem of the fifth Arhat, L.

Starting with G

gajanimīlikā (गजनिमीलिका, gajanimilika), f. 2. 6.189, carelessness, inattention, L.
gandharva (गन्धर्व), m. 2. 1. 244, et passim, musician.
galla (गल्ल), m. or n. 2. 2. 171, probably=gallaka, crystal.
gupyadguru (गुप्यद्गुरु), 2. 1. 104, apparently, a rest-house, or something of the kind. See n. 21.
gṛdhrīya (गृध्रीय, gridhriya), nom. 2. 1. 127, to be like a vulture.
gophaṇa (गोफण, gophana), m. or n. 2. 3. 36, sling. H gophana (m.). PH quotes gophaṇā (deśī).
graharāja (ग्रहराज, graharaja), m. 2. 1. 240, sun, L.
grāmakuṭī (ग्रामकुटी, gramakuti), f. 2. 6. 143, ‘village-cottage,’ rest-house, or inn.

Starting with GH

ghaṭikāyantra (घटिकायन्त्र, ghatikayantra), n. 2. 2. 51, some sort of incense-burner.
ghaṇṭikā (घण्टिका, ghantika), f. 2. 4. 2, a small bell. Only Sch.
ghargharaka (घर्घरक), m. 2. 3. 11, a bell used as an ornament. MW, ghargharikā.

Starting with C

candanagodhā (चन्दनगोधा, candanagodha), f. 2. 6. 13, a large and strong species of lizard. See gohā, PK, and cf. Guj. caṅdanagho. care, 3. 4. 26, to anoint.
citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग, citranga), m. 2. 2. 514, name of a kalpa-tree.
cūḍāvalaya (चूडावलय, cudavalaya), m. or n. 2. 2. 136, bracelet or armlet.
celatva (चेलत्व), n. 2.1. 292, bed-cover.
caityāya (चैत्याय, caityaya), nom. 2. 1. 299, to resemble a shrine.

Starting with CH

churī (छुरी, churi), f. 2. 3. 35, knife, dagger, L.
chekatā (छेकता, chekata), f. 2. 1.124, skill, cleverness.

Starting with J

janāntika (जनान्तिक, janantika), 2. 2. 97, whispering aside. Quoted only in acc.
as ind. with this meaning.
jambhavidviṣ (अस् इन्द्. wइथ् थिस् मेअनिन्ग्. <प्> जम्भविद्विष्, as ind. with this meaning.
jambhavidvish), m. 2. 3. 47, Indra.
jarjaraṭā (जर्जरटा, jarjarata), f. 2. 6. 217, the state of being broken. Cf. jarjaraya, PS.
jalavājin (जलवाजिन्, jalavajin), m. 2. 4. 106=°turaga, ‘water-horse,’ a kind of animal, L. Sell. Jalaturaga occurs in Abhi. 4. 420, but is not defined. Böhtlingk and Rieu suggest ‘tapir,’ but that seems out of the question. Coomarasvamy in Yakṣas, Part II, pl. 43, fig. 2, shows a creature with horse’s head and fish’s tail which he calls ‘jalaturaga.’
jātidharma (जातिधर्म, jatidharma), m. 2. 3. 914, inherent nature.
jātyaturagāya (जात्यतुरगाय, jatyaturagaya), nom. 2. 1. 125, to be like a noble horse.
jānapada (जानपद, janapada), m. 2. 6. 506, a countryman in contrast with a city-man.
jugupsana (जुगुप्सन), n. 3. 7. 99, dislike, L.
jonaka (जोनक), m. 2. 4. 167, name of a people, see Pk. joṇaa (yaunaka) PE; joṇa (yona, yavana), PH. Yauna occurs also in MBh. and MW says ‘prob.=yavana.’ But Hem. enumerates Yavanadvīpa apart from the Jonakas.
jyotsnāya (ज्योत्स्नाय, jyotsnaya), nom. 3. 7. 46, to act like moon-light.

Starting with JH

jhañjhāvāta (झञ्झावात, jhanjhavata), m. 3. 3. 70, high wind in the rainy season, L.
jhalajjhalāya (झलज्झलाय, jhalajjhalaya), nom. 2. 2. 133; 2. 3. 12, to tinkle, rattle.
jhallarī (झल्लरी, jhallari), f. 2. 3. 171, a gong. See n. 153.

Starting with Ṭ

ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ, tittibha), m. 3. 6. 39, Tringa goensis, the sandpiper. See n. 452.

Starting with T

tatkriya (तत्क्रिय), adj. 3. 4. 178, doing that, doing any particular work, L.
tāḍa (ताड, tada), m. 2. 6. 416, sound, noise, L. (Here, of lightning).
tāram (तारम्, taram), adv. 3. 1. 160, in loud tones.
tiryagloka (तिर्यग्लोक), m. 2. 3. 483, the Middle or Human World.
tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, tikshna), adj. 3. 5. 10, zealous, L.
tuk (तुक्), m. 2. 5. 61, a boy, L.
temana (तेमन), n. 3.1. 44, sauce, L.; Abhi. 3. 63. Cf. PS.
trilocanasakha (त्रिलोचनसख), m. 2. 4. 320, Kubera.

Starting with D

dantimada (दन्तिमद), m. 3. 1. 307, the juice flowing from a ratting elephant’s temples, L.
daśaśatekṣaṇa (दशशतेक्षण, dashashatekshana), m. 3. 8. 45, Indra.
digvijayin (दिग्विजयिन्), adj. 3. 5. 19, making an expedition of conquest.
dīpakamalli (दीपकमल्लि, dipakamalli), 2. 2. 290, lampstand. Cf. malli, PE.
dīrghabhuja (दीर्घभुज, dirghabhuja), adj. 2. 4. 325, long-armed, really=powerful.
durgrāma (दुर्ग्राम, durgrama), m. 3. 3. 93, poor village.
duḥsphoṭa (दुःस्फोट, duhsphota), m. 2. 3. 36, a sort of weapon, L.
devatāvasaraukas (देवतावसरौकस्, devatavasaraukas), n. 2. 4. 347, temple. Cf. PS.
devatīya (देवतीय, devatiya), nom. 2. 4. 8, to deify.
dramila (द्रमिल), m. 2. 6. 71, name of a people, L.
droṇa (द्रोण, drona), n. 2. 3. 312, a raven or crow, L. Cf. PS.
dvicarama (द्विचरम), m. 2. 3. 781, one who has 2 more human births, PE.
dviṣantapa (द्विषन्तप, dvishantapa), adj. 2. 1. 78, vexing an enemy, retaliating, Pāṇ.

Starting with DH

dhanvan (धन्वन्), n. 3. 1. 327=dhanu, bow, as a measure.
dhārā (धारा, dhara), f. 2. 1. 129, the tip of the ear, L.
dhunīpati (धुनीपति, dhunipati), m. 2. 6. 352=°nātha, ocean, L.
dhūlikā (धूलिका, dhulika), f. 2. 3. 318, pollen of flowers, L. Cf. PS.

Starting with N

nakṣatra (नक्षत्र, nakshatra), n. 2. 4. 159, pearl, L.
nayin (नयिन्), adj. 2. 4. 321, endowed with naya, wise.
narakāvāsa (नरकावास, narakavasa), m. 2. 3. 488, hell.
nāgadamanī (नागदमनी, nagadamani), f. 2. 4. 99, Artemisia vulgaris, wormwood. PS. nāgadamana.
nāgnya (नाग्न्य, nagnya), n. 2. 1. 281, nudity. See Uttar. 20. 49, and PE, nagga.
nāṭa (नाट, nata), m. 2. 2. 462, actor, dancer.
nāṭya (नाट्य, natya), m. 2. 2. 309, actor. Cf. PE, naṭṭa.
nārakaṣaṇḍha (नारकषण्ढ, narakashandha), m. 2. 3. 485, hell-inhabitant.
nigal (निगल्), caus. 3. 4. 121, to liquefy.
nidāna (निदान, nidana), m. 3. 2. 102, performance of penance with a view to obtaining a reward in a future birth. MW, ‘claiming a reward for penitential acts, L.’
nipiṣ (निपिष्, nipish), 3. 4. 111, to crush.
nimnagā (निम्नगा, nimnaga), f. 3. 2. 42, name of a river flowing through Vaitāḍhya.
niyuktavat (नियुक्तवत्), 3. 5. 75, like a servant.
nirvṛtikarā (निर्वृतिकरा, nirvritikara), f. 3. 4. 59, name of a palanquin.
nirbhāra (निर्भार, nirbhara), adj. 2. 6. 607, free from burden.
niṣadyā (निषद्या, nishadya), f. 2. 1. 285, a solitary place. See ṇisajjā, Rājendra.
nīraṅgikā (नीरङ्गिका, nirangika), f. 2. 2. 551=
nīraṅgḥ f. 2. 1. 19 (नीरङ्ग्ः f. २. १. १९, nirangh f. 2. 1. 19), veil. Śirovastra, Deśī. 4. 31.
nīhārādri (नीहाराद्रि, niharadri), m. 3. 1. 269. Himādri, Cf. PS.

Starting with P

paṅgūya (पङ्गूय, panguya), nom. 2.1. 125, to become lame.
pañcavarṇa (पञ्चवर्ण, pancavarna), adj. 2. 2. 291, five-colored, L.
paṇyavanītā (पण्यवनीता, panyavanita), f. 2. 1. 244, courtesan.
payoja (पयोज), n. 3. 1. 120, lotus. Cf. PS.
payorāśi (पयोराशि, payorashi), m. 3. 6. 28=sagara, as time-measure.
payoruha (पयोरुह), n. 3.1. 128, lotus, L. Cf. PS.
parasvaharaṇa (परस्वहरण, parasvaharana), n. 3, 6, 20, seizing another’s property, L.
parispṛś (परिस्पृश्, parisprish), adj. 2. 5. 69, imitating.
pāripārśvikī (पारिपार्श्विकी, pariparshviki), f. 3. 3. 12, a female attendant.
pārśvabhāga (पार्श्वभाग, parshvabhaga), m. 2. 3. 572, mountain-slope.
puṭa (पुट, puta), m. 2. 6. 191, the cover (of a drum); 2. 4. 43, cover of a bowl.
putrabhāṇḍa (पुत्रभाण्ड, putrabhanda), m. 3. 1. 86, affectionate term for a son.
pūtāra (पूतार, putara), m. 3. 4. 114, a small creature living in water, Haim. VIII. 1. 170.
pūtkṛ (पूत्कृ, putkri), 2. 6. 175, to sob (MW ‘to breathe hard’).
pūrvajanman (पूर्वजन्मन्, purvajanman), m. 2. 1. iÔ4=pūrvaja, ancestor.
pūrvin (पूर्विन्, purvin), adj. 2. 6. 361, before, in comp, with participle, like pūrva.
prakīrṇaka (प्रकीर्णक, prakirnaka), m. 2. 6. 558, a division of the gods. See p. 125 (2. 3. 770).
pratikāra (प्रतिकार, pratikara), m. 3. 1. 224, elephant-driver.
pratikeśava (प्रतिकेशव, pratikeshava), m. 2. 5. i04=prativāsudeva.
pratipad (प्रतिपद्), f. 2. 3. 129, understanding, intelligence, L. Cf. PS.
pratoda (प्रतोद), m. 3. 4.124, ox-goad.
pradīpana (प्रदीपन, pradipana), 2. 5. 139, fire.
pradyotana (प्रद्योतन), m. 2. 2. 70, the sun, L. Cf. PS.
pralamba (प्रलम्ब), m. 2. 1. 116, branch, L.
pravayana (प्रवयन), n. 2. 6. 300, goad, Sch. to Pāṇ.
pravardhaka (प्रवर्धक), 2. 6. 479, additional, extra (?).
pravīcāra (प्रवीचार, pravicara), m. 2. 3. 793, marriage, Pravac. 1040. Cf. paviyāra, PH.
prāsuka (प्रासुक, prasuka), adj. 2. 3. 304, free from life. Pravac. 881, p. 255b. See phāsua, PH.
pluṣ (प्लुष्, plush), 2, 3. 325, to fill. Only Dhātup.

Starting with B

bāhudantya (बाहुदन्त्य, bahudantya), m. 2. 6.125, name of Indra, L.
bāhulya (बाहुल्य, bahulya), n. 2. 2. 293, thickness, height.
būtkāra (बूत्कार, butkara), m. 2. 3. 311, roar of a tiger.

Starting with BH

bhaṭṭinī (भट्टिनी, bhattini), f. 2. 3. 898, a noble lady, L.
bhallūka (भल्लूक, bhalluka), m. 2. 3. 314, bear, L. PS, Schakal.
bhasmaka (भस्मक), n. 3.1. 25, morbid appetite from over-digestion, L.
bhāṇḍa (भाण्ड, bhanda), n. 3. 6.14, treasure, L.
bhid (भिद्), f. 2. 3. 466, kind, species, L.
bhujaṅgatā (भुजङ्गता, bhujangata), f. 3. 4. 140, profligacy. Cf. PS.
bhuṣaṇḍhī (भुषण्ढी, bhushandhi), f. 2. 3. 36, a kind of weapon=bhuśuṇḍi, MW, q.v. See n. 128.
bhūṣyatā (भूष्यता, bhushyata), f. 3. 5. 23, state of being adorned.
bhṛtakāya (भृतकाय, bhritakaya), nom. 2.4. 74, to behave like a servant.
bhṛśāya (भृशाय, bhrishaya), nom. 2. 2. 427; 2. 6. 649, to be in a burry, to move swiftly. MW only, ‘to become powerful or strong.’ PW, śīghragatayo jātāḥ, Sch. bhogabhumi, f. 2. 3. 462, the regions where there is no work for sustenance. See n. 227.
bhrāṣṭra (भ्राष्ट्र, bhrashtra), m. or n. 2.1. 118, fire-pit.

Starting with M

maṇḍaka (मण्डक, mandaka), 3. 1. 43, MW, ‘a sort of pastry or baked flour.’ The ed. takes this to be the Guj. māṅḍā. Shah, Guj. dict., gives māḍā, māṅḍā (Sk. maṇḍa), ‘a large thin cake made of millet and wheat flour.’ Mehta and Mehta, Guj. dict., give māḍo in this meaning, and māṅḍā, ‘large sweetmeat balls.’ Bate quotes maṇḍā,
‘sweetmeats made into little nuts’; and māṅḍā (‘स्wएएत्मेअत्स् मदे इन्तो लित्त्ले नुत्स्’; अन्द् माङ्डा, ‘sweetmeats made into little nuts’; and manda), ‘kind of bread.’ PH, maṅdaa (Sk. maṇḍaka)=māṅdā, ‘a kind of bread.’
maṇḍikā (मण्डिका, mandika), 3. 1. 43, pie-crust. The ed. says this is vern. khājā, which is ‘pie-crust.’ Guj. dicts., khājuṃ; Bate, khājā, ‘a kind of sweetmeat like pie-crust.’ MW gives maṇḍikā only, ‘rice-gruel.’ madakala, m. 2. 2. 50, elephant, L.
madraṅkara (मद्रङ्कर, madrankara), adj. 2. 6. 129, causing joy or happiness. Only Pāṇ.
madhupatā (मधुपता, madhupata), f. 2. 3. 107, drinking of honey.
mantu (मन्तु), m. 2. 6. 84, fault, offence, L. Cf. PS.
mantūya (मन्तूय, mantuya), 2. 5. 172, to transgress against, L,.
marālikā (मरालिका, maralika), f. 2. 2. 312, a female marālaka. F. quoted only maralakī.
markaṭa (मर्कट, markata), m. 3. 4. 119, spider, L.
mallikā (मल्लिका, mallika), f. 2. 4.185, lamp-stand, lamp, L.
mahattarā (महत्तरा, mahattara), f. 2. 2. 164, apparently a sort of officer of the Dikkumārīs. See Āva. 184, p. 163, and n. 70.
mahātandrā (महातन्द्रा, mahatandra), f. 2. 6. 15, deep sleep, or death (?).
mānojñaka (मानोज्ञक, manojnaka), n. 3. 7. 24, beauty, loveliness. Only Pāṇ.
mārjitā (मार्जिता, marjita), f. 3. 1. 45, curds mixed with sugar and spices, D.
mārṣṭi (मार्ष्टि, marshti), f. 2. 2. 492, rubbing, drying. Cf. PS.
māsṛṇya (मासृण्य, masrinya), 2. 2. 290, smoothness.
mukuṭāya (मुकुटाय, mukutaya), 2.1. 234, to be like a crown.
mukti (मुक्ति), f. 3. 3. 82, freedom from greed.
mūkāya (मूकाय, mukaya), 2. 1. 124, to become tongue-tied.
mṛgadhūrta (मृगधूर्त, mrigadhurta), m. 2. 6. 303, jackal, Cf. PS.
meṣasaṅkrānti (मेषसङ्क्रान्ति, meshasankranti), f. 3. 7. 51, vernal equinox.

Starting with Y

yatanā (यतना, yatana), f. 2. 2.173, app. a sanskritization of jaïnā, a kind of gait of the gods. Cf. PE, ‘jaïnā (yatnā), a kind of gati or movement. Jñātā. 4.’
yathākāmīna (यथाकामीन, yathakamina), adj. 2. 2. 504, acting according to will.
yathākṣaṇam (यथाक्षणम्, yathakshanam), 3. 1. 111, at the proper moment.
yathāpātram (यथापात्रम्, yathapatram), 2. 6. 549, properly, fitly.
yāma (याम, yama), m. 2. 6. 652=yama, restraint (i.e., vow), L.
yugaśamilā (युगशमिला, yugashamila), f. 2. 1. 54=yugaśamyā, a yoke-pin and a yoke. See PH, samilā.
yuta (युत), adj., occupied with, performing, L.

Starting with R

rakṣāgranthi (रक्षाग्रन्थि, rakshagranthi), m. 2. 2. 240, amulet.
rajanijāni (रजनिजानि, rajanijani), m. 2. 5. 46, moon.
ratnaśilā (रत्नशिला, ratnashila), f. 2. 1. 17, slab of precious stone, rather than MW’s ‘mosaic (?).’
rājaśuka (राजशुक, rajashuka), m. 2. 3. 30, a kind of parrot (with red stripes on the neck and wings), L.
rābhasika (राभसिक, rabhasika), adj. 2. 3. 919, impetuous, vehement, L. Cf. PS.
rātna (रात्न, ratna), adj. 3. 6. 17, made of jewels, rather than MW’s ‘consisting of pearls.’
rai (रै), m. 2. 3. 359, gold. Abhi. 4. 109.
rola (रोल), m. 2. 1. 115, noise, cry, PH. Cf. PS.

Starting with L

lalantikā (ललन्तिका, lalantika), f. 2. 3.12, a long pendulous necklace, L.
lavaṇakṣāra (लवणक्षार, lavanakshara), m. 3. 4.102, a kind of salt, L.
lavitra (लवित्र), n. 3. 1. 2,-sickle. MW only Pāṇ. Abhi. 3. 556.
liṅga (लिङ्ग, linga), n. 2. 1. 253, costume, equipment,
lul (लुल्), 3.3. 199, pres, lulanti, to move.
lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष, lohitaksha), m. 2. 4. 1=rohitākṣa, a kind of red precious stone. PS, ‘ein wertloser stein?’

Starting with V

vaṇṭha (वण्ठ, vantha), m. 2. 3. 244, servant, slave, L.
vadhū (वधू, vadhu), f. 2. 2. 74, a sister-in-law.
vara (वर), m. 3. 1. 187, saffron. Quoted only n. in this sense. Cf. H vara (m.).
vardhāpakanara (वर्धापकनर, vardhapakanara), m. 2. 4. 299=kañcukin, chamberlain. Cf. MW, vardhāpaka=kañcuka, L.
vāgneya (वाग्नेय, vagneya), m. 2. 6. 242, one who recites (?).
vācaspatīya (वाचस्पतीय, vacaspatiya), nom. 2. 1. 124, to be eloquent.
vāsantika (वासन्तिक, vasantika), m. 2. 6. 301, an actor, dancer, buffoon in a drama, L.
vicāra (विचार, vicara), m. 3. 3. 48, interpretation.
vidagdhatā (विदग्धता, vidagdhata), f. 2. 6. 302, knowledge, learning.
vipratāraṇa (विप्रतारण, vipratarana), n. 3. 7. 117, deception.
vibādhā (विबाधा, vibadha), f. 3. 4. 161, pain, L.
vimānin (anuttaravimānin) (विमानिन् (अनुत्तरविमानिन्), vimanin (anuttaravimanin)), m. 3. 7. 4, an inhabitant of a palace in the heavens.
viyuj (वियुज्), adj. 3. 5. 119, diminished, deficient.
vilakṣa (विलक्ष, vilaksha), adj. 2. 3. 915 (2), ashamed, shameful.
vilul (विलुल्), 2. i. 191 (vilulantī), to be disturbed, disordered. Only vilulita quoted.
viṣayin (विषयिन्, vishayin), m. 2. 6. 533, people of a district or country.
vṛddhyājīva (वृद्ध्याजीव, vriddhyajiva), m. 3. 7. 6, money-lender, L.

Starting with Ś

śarvalā (शर्वला, sharvala), f. 2. 3. 52, an iron club, L.
śimbā (शिम्बा, shimba), f. 2. 4. 182, a pod, L.
śirogṛha (शिरोगृह, shirogriha), n. 2.6. 357, a room on top of the house, L. Cf. PS.
śītadhāman (शीतधामन्, shitadhaman), m. 2. 2. 27, moon.
śuṇḍā (शुण्डा, shunda), f. 3. 6. 101, spirituous liquor, L,.
śulva (शुल्व, shulva), 2. 6. 238, copper, L. Cf. PS.
śūka (शूक, shuka), 2. 6. 592, pity, compassion, L. Cf. PS.
śūkala (शूकल, shukala), m. 2. 1. 152, a restive horse, L.
śaikṣa (शैक्ष, shaiksha), m. 2. 3. 151, a young Brāhman pupil studying with his preceptor, L.
śvabhrin (श्वभ्रिन्, shvabhrin), m. 3. 5. 40, hell-inhabitant.

Starting with S

saṃyata (संयत, samyata), m. 2. 6. 662, ascetic, monk.
saṃvṛ (संवृ, samvri), 2. 2. 505, take away, pick up.
saṅgara (सङ्गर, sangara), m. 2, 4. 88, 258, a vow, resolution.
sattrin (सत्त्रिन्), m. 2. 6. 114, benefactor, Cf. H and M sattra.
samudra (समुद्र), m. 3. 2. 173=sagara (as measure of time).
sarinnātha (सरिन्नाथ, sarinnatha), m. 3. 2. 55, ocean, L.
sahādhitin (सहाधितिन्, sahadhitin), m. 2. 6. 248, a fellow-authority.
sākṣimātra (साक्षिमात्र, sakshimatra), n. 2. 3. 907, a mere eye-witness.
sātkṛ (सात्कृ, satkri), 3. 3. 171, 174, in power of; under control of (Apte).
sāragandha (सारगन्ध, saragandha), m. 2. 4. 23, sandal-wood, L.
sāvadānam (सावदानम्, savadanam), 2. 1. 167, with boldness or courage.
siṃhaniṣadyā (सिंहनिषद्या, simhanishadya), f. 2. 5. 107, the name of Ṛṣabha’s stūpa.
siṃhā (सिंहा, simha), f. 2. 2. 173, a lion-like gait of the gods. See n. 73.
sudhāndbas (सुधान्द्बस्, sudhandbas), m. 3. 1. 203, god. Cf. PS.
supratiṣṭha (सुप्रतिष्ठ, supratishtha), m. 2. 2. 422; 3.1.185, a kind of dish, (PH); an earthen bowl (PE). Is not necessarily ‘earthen.’ Cf. 1. 2. 479-80.
sulasa (vṛkṣa) (सुलस (वृक्ष), sulasa (vriksha)), 2. 3. 517, the lāñchana-tree of the Bhūtas.
susīmā (सुसीमा, susima), f. 2. 1. 14, the capital of the province Vatsa in Videha. Jamb. 96, p. 353b.
susthita (सुस्थित), m. 2. 3. 638, the god of the Lavaṇoda Ocean.
susyada (सुस्यद), adj. 3. 1. 75, fast, speedy.
sūkala (सूकल, sukala), m. 2. 4. 303. See śūkala.
stūpa (स्तूप, stupa), m. 2. 3. 359=pīṭha.
sthagī (स्थगी, sthagi), f. 2. 3. 44, a box (for betel and areca-nut), L. Cf. PS.
sthapuṭa (स्थपुट, sthaputa), m. 2. 6. 565, high place.
sthalaśṛṅgāṭa (स्थलशृङ्गाट, sthalashringata), m. 2. 1. 121, Tribulus lanuginosus or similar plant, L.
sthalāmbhoja (स्थलाम्भोज, sthalambhoja), n. 2. 3. 209, Hibiscus mutabalis, mallow.
sthāpatya (स्थापत्य, sthapatya), m. 2. 2. 51, the guard of the women’s apartments, L. Cf. PS.
svarṇādri (स्वर्णाद्रि, svarnadri), m. 3. 4. 39, Meru, L.
svardhāman (स्वर्धामन्, svardhaman), m. 2. 3. 840, god.
svādurasā (स्वादुरसा, svadurasa), f. 2. 1. 49, spirituous liquor, L.
svārtha (स्वार्थ, svartha), m. 2. 1. 58, 65, 66, spiritual welfare.

Starting with H

hasitapūrvin (हसितपूर्विन्, hasitapurvin), m. 2. 6. 361, one who has formerly laughed at (with acc.).
hastimallāya (हस्तिमल्लाय, hastimallaya), nom. 2.1. 126, to be like Hastimalla (Indra’s elephant).
huṇḍāvasarpiṇī (हुण्डावसर्पिणी, hundavasarpini), f. 3. 7.154, a period of decrease. Defined by J.G.D. as ‘that æon of decrease or avasarpiṇī in which there are special features of decrease; as birth of a daughter to a Tīrthaṅkara, etc.’
hradinī (ह्रदिनी, hradini), f. 2. 4. 353, a river, L.
hradinīnātha (ह्रदिनीनाथ, hradininatha), m. 3. 8. 34, ocean.

first previous index last