Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 36.1

कामं शरीरं समं तप्यति जीवितं च प्राप्स्यामि अद्य अमृतं भवविप्रमोक्षं ।
वीर्यं मया हि प्रतिसंहरितुं न शक्यं वेलाय च सलिलवेगं यथाणर्वस्य ॥ १ ॥

kāmaṃ śarīraṃ samaṃ tapyati jīvitaṃ ca prāpsyāmi adya amṛtaṃ bhavavipramokṣaṃ |
vīryaṃ mayā hi pratisaṃharituṃ na śakyaṃ velāya ca salilavegaṃ yathāṇarvasya || 1 ||

Pleasure, the body and life itself are burnt out together. Now I shall attain deathless release from existence. For I can not check my exertion, which is like the flow of the ocean’s water on the sea-shore. (1)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (36.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kamam, Kama, Sharira, Samam, Sama, Jivita, Pra, Adya, Amrita, Bhava, Vipramoksha, Virya, Maya, Shakya, Vela, Salila, Vega, Yatha, Idam,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 36.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kāmaṃ śarīraṃ samaṃ tapyati jīvitaṃ ca prāpsyāmi adya amṛtaṃ bhavavipramokṣaṃ
  • kāmam -
  • kāmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śarīram -
  • śarīra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • samam -
  • samam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    samā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tapyati -
  • tapyati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    tap (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    tap (verb class 4)
    [present passive third single]
  • jīvitam -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prā -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    prā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • āpsyāmi -
  • āp (verb class 5)
    [future active first single]
  • adya -
  • adya (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    adya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • amṛtam -
  • amṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    amṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    amṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhava -
  • bhava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vipramokṣam -
  • vipramokṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “vīryaṃ mayā hi pratisaṃharituṃ na śakyaṃ velāya ca salilavegaṃ yathāṇarvasya
  • vīryam -
  • vīrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vīryā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vīr class 10 verb], [accusative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
  • mayā* -
  • maya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • Cannot analyse pratisaṃharitum*na
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śakyam -
  • śakya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śakya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śakyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śak -> śakya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śak class 5 verb]
    śak -> śakya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śak class 5 verb], [accusative single from √śak class 5 verb]
  • velāya -
  • vela (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vela (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • salila -
  • salila (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    salila (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vegam -
  • vega (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vegā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • āṇa -
  • aṇ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    aṇ (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • rva -
  • ru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
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