Vela, Velā: 22 definitions


Vela means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Velā (वेला).—A daughter of Meru and Dhāraṇi; married Sāgara and brought forth a daughter. Savarṇā;1 she was married to Prācīnabarhis to whom were born ten sons collectively known as Pracetas versed in Dhanur Veda.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 35.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13, 37, 39-40.

1b) A daughter of Bhadrāśva and Ghṛtāci.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 69.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Velā (वेला) refers to one of the three daughters of Meru and Dhāriṇi, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Svadhā was given to Pitṛs.] Pitṛ and Svadhā had two daughters—Menā and Dhāriṇi. Dhāriṇi was married to Meru and had a son named Mandara and three daughters—Velā, Niyati and Āyati.

Velā was given in marriage to Sāgara and had a daughter named Sāmudrī who married Pracīna Varhis. She gave birth to ten sons who were famous as Prācetasa in Svāyambhuva Manvantara.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Velā (वेला) is the name of the eleventh book of the Kathāsaritsāgara, written by Somadeva in the 11th-century.

2) Velā (वेला) is mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 67. Accordingly as Mātaṅga’s daughter said to Candrasāra: “... he [Mātaṅga], being of compassionate nature, brought her round, and took her to his hermitage, and entrusted her to me, saying: ‘Yamunā, you must cherish this girl’. And because he found her on the shore (vela) of the sea, he called the girl, who was beloved by all the hermits, Velā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Velā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Velā (वेला) refers to the “time” (of the new moon), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The magnitude of the solar eclipse is determined by means of the moon’s parallax (in latitude); the points (on the disc) of the commencement and termination of the eclipse are determined by means of both parallax and angles; the times of the commencement and termination of the eclipse by means of the time [i.e., velā] of new moon”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Velā (वेला) refers to “(bringing) high tide (to the ocean)”, according to the Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—When we come to the poem’s understanding of the divinity of Rāmānuja we find a wide spectrum of meanings. [...] Verse 28 is particularly eloquent in describing and encapsulating all his nurturing and protecting qualities, which are compared to those present everywhere in nature itself—as the mountain from which originate all the streams of knowledge, the tree under which the weary traveler wandering in saṃsāra takes rest, the rising sun that keeps the illusionary darkness of those with distorted views at bay and the full moon that brings to high tide (velā) the ocean of the Vedas (nigama-jaladhi).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A friend of Vasabha and father of Velusumana, who was named after his father and his fathers friend Sumana, governor of Girijanapada. Mhv.xxiii.69.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

velā : (f.) time; shore; limit; boundary.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Velā, (f.) (Vedic velā in meaning 1; Ep. Sk. in meanings 2 & 3) — 1. time, point of time (often equal to kāla) Pug. 13 (uḍḍahana°); J. IV, 294; Miln. 87; KhA 181; PugA 187; SnA 111 (bhatta° meal-time); DhsA. 219; PvA. 61, 104, 109 (aruṇ’uggamana°), 129, 155; VvA. 165 (paccūsa° in the early morning).—2. shore, sea-shore Vin. II, 237=A. IV, 198; J. I, 212; Mhvs 19, 30.—3. limit, boundary A. V, 250 (between v. & agyāgāra); Th. 1, 762; Miln. 358; DhsA. 219; in spec. sense as “measure, ” restriction, control (of character, sīla-velā) at Dhs. 299 (“not to trespass” translation), and in dogmatic exegesis of ativelaṃ at Nd1 504; cp. Nd2 462 & DhsA. 219.—4. heap, multitude (?) DhsA. 219 (in Npl. Uruvelā which is however *Uruvilvā). (Page 650)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēla (वेल).—m f (valli S) A creeping or climbing plant. 2 By way of eminence, the nāgavēla or Piper betel. 3 The gold chain and pearl which forms a part of certain ear-ornaments. 4 The lithe bark or integument of plants when stripped off (as binding material). vēla māṇḍavīṃ jāvō (A form of benediction, by Gosavis &c.) Mayst thou be as the fruitful vine--running up and running over the māṇḍava! See Gen. xlix. 22. vēla vāḍhaṇēṃ To increase in progeny; to spread abroad in offspring; to be as "a fruitful and overrunning bough." Pr. vēlīsa duḥkha nāhīṃ vāḷukāsa duḥkha nāhīṃ--asēṃ karaṇēṃ (Let neither the plant nor the fruit be injured.) So perform it or so act that neither party receive loss or hurt.

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vēla (वेल).—f A wasting disease of horses.

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vēlā (वेला).—f S The sea shore. 2 Time. 3 Boundary or limit.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—m f ē (vēlā S) Time, space of time, duration, while. 2 Time before us; time lying between the present moment and a moment to be; interval. Ex. pērē hōṇyāsa ajhūna vēḷa āhē mhaṇūna adhīṃ gharēṃ śākārūna ghyā. 3 Leisure, unoccupied and available time. Ex. mājhē pāṭhīsīṃ kāma āhē vēḷa sāmpaḍalyāsa yēīna. 4 A time, a portion of duration as occupied by an act, and as one among other portions so occupied; a time therefore with reference to repetition. Ex.tō divasāsa tīna vēḷa jēvatō. In this sense a numeral prefix, or a prefix expressing multitude, paucity, statedness &c. seems to be necessary. 5 Time in excess; time exceeding the expected or the proper time. In this sense, therefore, the word, aided by construction with the verb lāva or lāga, well expresses Delay or lateness; as vēḷa lāvalā or lī-lāgalā or Much time has been taken up; there has been delay. 6 f A time, a season, a time or period particularized or distinguished. Ex. hī vēḷa pōthī vācāyācī vēḷa; tō tē vēḷēsa gharīṃ navhatā; Pr. yēī vēḷaṃ tō khāī kēḷēṃ. 7 A half of the day, one of the two divisions (the forenoon and the afternoon) into which the day is divided. 8 A division of the thirty ghaṭikā whether of the day or of the night. There are eight, each consisting of 3¾ ghaṭikā; viz. amṛta -udyōga -kāḷa or mṛtyu -cañcaḷa or cōra -rōga -lābha -śubha -sthira -vēḷa or vēḷā. These all bear astrological significance, and are seasons, charged respectively with certain astral influences, and appropriate to certain human performances. Besides the above there are numerous other vēḷa or periods of prevalence, suitableness, convenience &c.; e.g. andhaḷīvēḷa, ghōra- vēḷa, ghātavēḷa, cōravēḷa, jātīvēḷa, yētīvēḷa, rākṣasavēḷa. vēḷa davaḍaṇēṃ or phuṭaphuṭa vēḷa davaḍaṇēṃ To drive on the hours; to misspend time. vēḷabhara During, through, or for one vēḷa or half a day. 2 A long while. vēḷa mārūna nēṇēṃ See the phrase prasaṅga mārūna nēṇēṃ. vēḷa vāhaṇēṃ To flow freely; to be propitious, favorable, suitable--the time or season of or for. vēḷēcā guṇa The quality of the time; the sway, bearing, secret influence of the occasion. Said in excuse of transgression, inadvertence, idleness, listlessness &c.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—f (Properly vēlā) The sea-shore.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—f A plant, Basella rubra vel alba. 2 An ornament of females, worn on the elbow.

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vēḷā (वेळा).—f pl (Better ēḷā. From ēlā S) Large cardamoms.

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vēḷā (वेळा).—f (vēlā S) The sea-shore. 2 A time or season; a time or period particularized or distinguished. 3 A time with reference to repetition. See at length under vēḷa in the fourth sense.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēla (वेल).—m f A creeping or climbing plant. vēla vāḍhaṇēṃ Increase in progeny.

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vēlā (वेला).—f The sea-shore. Time. Boundary.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—m f Time. Leisure, interval. Delay. f vēḷa davaḍaṇēṃ Misspend time. vēḷa mārūna nēṇēṃ Triumph over an emergent trouble or difficulty. vēḷēcā guṇa The sway, bear- ing, secret influence of the occasion. f An ornament.

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vēḷā (वेळा).—f pl Large cardamoms. f The seashore. A time.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vela (वेल).—A garden, grove.

-laḥ The mango tree.

Derivable forms: velam (वेलम्).

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Velā (वेला).—1 Time; वेलायां न तु कस्यांचिद् गच्छेद्विप्रो ह्यपूजितः (velāyāṃ na tu kasyāṃcid gacchedvipro hyapūjitaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.9.28; वेलोपलक्षणार्थमादिष्टोऽस्मि (velopalakṣaṇārthamādiṣṭo'smi) Ś.4.

2) Season, opportunity.

3) Interval of repose, leisure.

4) Tide, flow, current.

5) The sea-coast, sea-shore; वेलानिलाय प्रसृता भुजङ्गाः (velānilāya prasṛtā bhujaṅgāḥ) R.13.12,15; स वेलावप्रवलयां (sa velāvapravalayāṃ) (urvīm) 1.3;8.8;17. 37; Śiśupālavadha 3.79;9.38.

6) Limit, boundary.

7) Speech.

8) Sickness.

9) Easy death.

1) The gums.

11) Passion, feeling.

12) The hour of death.

13) Meal-time, meal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vela (वेल).—m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7760 velaḥ = Tibetan dus rlabs; = velu, q.v., and compare velā (2).

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Velā (वेला).—(1) (= Sanskrit) time; in adv. phrases in Mahāvastu, acc. sg., usually with MIndic shortening of ending to -aṃ (§ 9.17): rarely yāṃ velāṃ (Mahāvastu i.362.11), usually yaṃ velaṃ, what time = when, since, used as conj.: i.361.3; 362.2, 17, 20; ii.172.15; 173.18; 210.17; 211.4, 12; 242.13 etc.; iii.76.1; 145.5; 163.4; 291.8, 20 (twice, second time with correl. taṃ velaṃ, at that time, then); yaṃ velaṃ… taṃ velaṃ, when…then, also iii.287.11, resumed in 13 with yatra kāle…tatra kāle; yatra ca velāṃ, and at what time, Mahāvastu ii.65.14; (2) a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 106.9 (compare vela, velu 1).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vela (वेल).—n.

(-laṃ) A garden. f.

(-lā) 1. Time. 2. Tide, flow, current. 3. Boundary, limit. 4. The sea-shore. 5. Easy or sudden death. 6. Sickness, disease. 7. The food of Siva. 8. Speech. 9. Leisure, interval. 10. Season, opportunity. 11. The wife of Budha. 12. The gums. E. vel to go, aff. ac and ṭāp added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vela (वेल).—I. n. A grove. Ii. f. . 1. Time, [Pañcatantra] 55, 6; 163, 20; loc. lāyām, Seasonably. 2. Tide, [Pañcatantra] 75, 24; flow, current. 3. Sea-shore, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 38 (at the end of a comp. adj.). 4. Boundary, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 269. 5. Leisure, interval, opportunity. 6. Sudden death. 7. Sickness. 8. The gums. 9. Speech.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Velā (वेला).—[feminine] end-point, limit; either boundary of the land and of the sea i.e. shore, coast; or point of time, hour, day-time; also right time, opportunity, last hour, hour of death; tide, flow ([opposed] ebb).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vela (वेल):—[from vel] n. a garden, grove, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. vipina [from] √1. vip)

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

3) [v.s. ...] m. the mango tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Velā (वेला):—[from vel] f. limit, boundary, end, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kāvyādarśa]

5) [v.s. ...] distance, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] boundary of sea and land (personified as the daughter of Meru and Dhāriṇī, and the wife of Samudra), coast, shore (velāyām, on the sea-shore, coast-wise), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] limit of time, period, season, time of day, hour (with paścimā, the evening hour; kā velā, ‘what time of the day is it?’ kā velā prāptāyāḥ, ‘how long has she been here?’ -velam ifc. after a numeral = times), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

8) [v.s. ...] opportunity, occasion, interval, leisure (velām pra-√kṛ, to watch for an opportunity; velāyām, at the right moment or season; artha-velāyām, at the moment when the meaning is under consideration), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] meal-time, meal (as of a god = īśvarasya bhojanam, Śiva’s meal), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] the last hour, hour of death, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] easy or painless death, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] tide, flow (opp. to ‘ebb’), stream, current, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] ‘sickness’ or ‘passion’ (rāga or roga), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] the gums, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] speech, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] of a princess found on the seashore (after whom the 11th Lambaka of the Kathāsarit-sāgara is called).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vela (वेल):—(laṃ) 1. n. A garden. f. Time, tide, limit, shore; easy death; sickness; speech; interval; leisure; the gums.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Velā (वेला) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Velā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vela in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Velā (वेला):—(nf) time; an hour; coast, shore.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Velā (वेला) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Velā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vēḷa (ವೇಳ):—

1) [noun] a particular caste.

2) [noun] a man belonging to this caste.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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