Vela, Velā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Vela means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Velā (वेला).—A daughter of Meru and Dhāraṇi; married Sāgara and brought forth a daughter. Savarṇā;1 she was married to Prācīnabarhis to whom were born ten sons collectively known as Pracetas versed in Dhanur Veda.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 35.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13, 37, 39-40.

1b) A daughter of Bhadrāśva and Ghṛtāci.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 69.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Velā (वेला) refers to one of the three daughters of Meru and Dhāriṇi, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Svadhā was given to Pitṛs.] Pitṛ and Svadhā had two daughters—Menā and Dhāriṇi. Dhāriṇi was married to Meru and had a son named Mandara and three daughters—Velā, Niyati and Āyati.

Velā was given in marriage to Sāgara and had a daughter named Sāmudrī who married Pracīna Varhis. She gave birth to ten sons who were famous as Prācetasa in Svāyambhuva Manvantara.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Velā (वेला) is the name of the eleventh book of the Kathāsaritsāgara, written by Somadeva in the 11th-century.

2) Velā (वेला) is mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 67. Accordingly as Mātaṅga’s daughter said to Candrasāra: “... he [Mātaṅga], being of compassionate nature, brought her round, and took her to his hermitage, and entrusted her to me, saying: ‘Yamunā, you must cherish this girl’. And because he found her on the shore (vela) of the sea, he called the girl, who was beloved by all the hermits, Velā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Velā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A friend of Vasabha and father of Velusumana, who was named after his father and his fathers friend Sumana, governor of Girijanapada. Mhv.xxiii.69.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

velā : (f.) time; shore; limit; boundary.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Velā, (f.) (Vedic velā in meaning 1; Ep. Sk. in meanings 2 & 3) — 1. time, point of time (often equal to kāla) Pug. 13 (uḍḍahana°); J. IV, 294; Miln. 87; KhA 181; PugA 187; SnA 111 (bhatta° meal-time); DhsA. 219; PvA. 61, 104, 109 (aruṇ’uggamana°), 129, 155; VvA. 165 (paccūsa° in the early morning).—2. shore, sea-shore Vin. II, 237=A. IV, 198; J. I, 212; Mhvs 19, 30.—3. limit, boundary A. V, 250 (between v. & agyāgāra); Th. 1, 762; Miln. 358; DhsA. 219; in spec. sense as “measure, ” restriction, control (of character, sīla-velā) at Dhs. 299 (“not to trespass” translation), and in dogmatic exegesis of ativelaṃ at Nd1 504; cp. Nd2 462 & DhsA. 219.—4. heap, multitude (?) DhsA. 219 (in Npl. Uruvelā which is however *Uruvilvā). (Page 650)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēla (वेल).—m f (valli S) A creeping or climbing plant. 2 By way of eminence, the nāgavēla or Piper betel. 3 The gold chain and pearl which forms a part of certain ear-ornaments. 4 The lithe bark or integument of plants when stripped off (as binding material). vēla māṇḍavīṃ jāvō (A form of benediction, by Gosavis &c.) Mayst thou be as the fruitful vine--running up and running over the māṇḍava! See Gen. xlix. 22. vēla vāḍhaṇēṃ To increase in progeny; to spread abroad in offspring; to be as "a fruitful and overrunning bough." Pr. vēlīsa duḥkha nāhīṃ vāḷukāsa duḥkha nāhīṃ--asēṃ karaṇēṃ (Let neither the plant nor the fruit be injured.) So perform it or so act that neither party receive loss or hurt.

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vēla (वेल).—f A wasting disease of horses.

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vēlā (वेला).—f S The sea shore. 2 Time. 3 Boundary or limit.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—m f ē (vēlā S) Time, space of time, duration, while. 2 Time before us; time lying between the present moment and a moment to be; interval. Ex. pērē hōṇyāsa ajhūna vēḷa āhē mhaṇūna adhīṃ gharēṃ śākārūna ghyā. 3 Leisure, unoccupied and available time. Ex. mājhē pāṭhīsīṃ kāma āhē vēḷa sāmpaḍalyāsa yēīna. 4 A time, a portion of duration as occupied by an act, and as one among other portions so occupied; a time therefore with reference to repetition. Ex.tō divasāsa tīna vēḷa jēvatō. In this sense a numeral prefix, or a prefix expressing multitude, paucity, statedness &c. seems to be necessary. 5 Time in excess; time exceeding the expected or the proper time. In this sense, therefore, the word, aided by construction with the verb lāva or lāga, well expresses Delay or lateness; as vēḷa lāvalā or lī-lāgalā or Much time has been taken up; there has been delay. 6 f A time, a season, a time or period particularized or distinguished. Ex. hī vēḷa pōthī vācāyācī vēḷa; tō tē vēḷēsa gharīṃ navhatā; Pr. yēī vēḷaṃ tō khāī kēḷēṃ. 7 A half of the day, one of the two divisions (the forenoon and the afternoon) into which the day is divided. 8 A division of the thirty ghaṭikā whether of the day or of the night. There are eight, each consisting of 3¾ ghaṭikā; viz. amṛta -udyōga -kāḷa or mṛtyu -cañcaḷa or cōra -rōga -lābha -śubha -sthira -vēḷa or vēḷā. These all bear astrological significance, and are seasons, charged respectively with certain astral influences, and appropriate to certain human performances. Besides the above there are numerous other vēḷa or periods of prevalence, suitableness, convenience &c.; e.g. andhaḷīvēḷa, ghōra- vēḷa, ghātavēḷa, cōravēḷa, jātīvēḷa, yētīvēḷa, rākṣasavēḷa. vēḷa davaḍaṇēṃ or phuṭaphuṭa vēḷa davaḍaṇēṃ To drive on the hours; to misspend time. vēḷabhara During, through, or for one vēḷa or half a day. 2 A long while. vēḷa mārūna nēṇēṃ See the phrase prasaṅga mārūna nēṇēṃ. vēḷa vāhaṇēṃ To flow freely; to be propitious, favorable, suitable--the time or season of or for. vēḷēcā guṇa The quality of the time; the sway, bearing, secret influence of the occasion. Said in excuse of transgression, inadvertence, idleness, listlessness &c.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—f (Properly vēlā) The sea-shore.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—f A plant, Basella rubra vel alba. 2 An ornament of females, worn on the elbow.

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vēḷā (वेळा).—f pl (Better ēḷā. From ēlā S) Large cardamoms.

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vēḷā (वेळा).—f (vēlā S) The sea-shore. 2 A time or season; a time or period particularized or distinguished. 3 A time with reference to repetition. See at length under vēḷa in the fourth sense.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēla (वेल).—m f A creeping or climbing plant. vēla vāḍhaṇēṃ Increase in progeny.

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vēlā (वेला).—f The sea-shore. Time. Boundary.

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vēḷa (वेळ).—m f Time. Leisure, interval. Delay. f vēḷa davaḍaṇēṃ Misspend time. vēḷa mārūna nēṇēṃ Triumph over an emergent trouble or difficulty. vēḷēcā guṇa The sway, bear- ing, secret influence of the occasion. f An ornament.

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vēḷā (वेळा).—f pl Large cardamoms. f The seashore. A time.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vela (वेल).—A garden, grove.

-laḥ The mango tree.

Derivable forms: velam (वेलम्).

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Velā (वेला).—1 Time; वेलायां न तु कस्यांचिद् गच्छेद्विप्रो ह्यपूजितः (velāyāṃ na tu kasyāṃcid gacchedvipro hyapūjitaḥ) Mb. 13.9.28; वेलोपलक्षणार्थमादिष्टोऽस्मि (velopalakṣaṇārthamādiṣṭo'smi) Ś.4.

2) Season, opportunity.

3) Interval of repose, leisure.

4) Tide, flow, current.

5) The sea-coast, sea-shore; वेलानिलाय प्रसृता भुजङ्गाः (velānilāya prasṛtā bhujaṅgāḥ) R.13.12,15; स वेलावप्रवलयां (sa velāvapravalayāṃ) (urvīm) 1.3;8.8;17. 37; Śi.3.79;9.38.

6) Limit, boundary.

7) Speech.

8) Sickness.

9) Easy death.

1) The gums.

11) Passion, feeling.

12) The hour of death.

13) Meal-time, meal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vela (वेल).—m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7760 velaḥ = Tibetan dus rlabs; = velu, q.v., and compare velā (2).

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Velā (वेला).—(1) (= Sanskrit) time; in adv. phrases in Mahāvastu, acc. sg., usually with MIndic shortening of ending to -aṃ (§ 9.17): rarely yāṃ velāṃ (Mahāvastu i.362.11), usually yaṃ velaṃ, what time = when, since, used as conj.: i.361.3; 362.2, 17, 20; ii.172.15; 173.18; 210.17; 211.4, 12; 242.13 etc.; iii.76.1; 145.5; 163.4; 291.8, 20 (twice, second time with correl. taṃ velaṃ, at that time, then); yaṃ velaṃ… taṃ velaṃ, when…then, also iii.287.11, resumed in 13 with yatra kāle…tatra kāle; yatra ca velāṃ, and at what time, Mahāvastu ii.65.14; (2) a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 106.9 (compare vela, velu 1).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vela (वेल).—n.

(-laṃ) A garden. f.

(-lā) 1. Time. 2. Tide, flow, current. 3. Boundary, limit. 4. The sea-shore. 5. Easy or sudden death. 6. Sickness, disease. 7. The food of Siva. 8. Speech. 9. Leisure, interval. 10. Season, opportunity. 11. The wife of Budha. 12. The gums. E. vel to go, aff. ac and ṭāp added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vela (वेल).—I. n. A grove. Ii. f. . 1. Time, [Pañcatantra] 55, 6; 163, 20; loc. lāyām, Seasonably. 2. Tide, [Pañcatantra] 75, 24; flow, current. 3. Sea-shore, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 38 (at the end of a comp. adj.). 4. Boundary, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 269. 5. Leisure, interval, opportunity. 6. Sudden death. 7. Sickness. 8. The gums. 9. Speech.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Velā (वेला).—[feminine] end-point, limit; either boundary of the land and of the sea i.e. shore, coast; or point of time, hour, day-time; also right time, opportunity, last hour, hour of death; tide, flow ([opposed] ebb).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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