Jivita, Jīvita: 26 definitions


Jivita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jivit.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jīvita (जीवित, “life”) refers to a term to be used by women in love addressing their beloved during amorous union, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “he who takes the woman to the bed to please her tactfully by providing enjoyments according to her wishes and desires, is called ‘life’ (jīvita)”

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Jīvita (जीवित):—[jīvitam] Life: means combination of body, sense organs, mind and soul.

2) [jīvitam] Which keeps alive

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Jīvita (जीवित) refers to “the life (that is the essence of the universe)”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “The universe is said to be the body. The energy (kalā) above the palate, by virtue of the nectar (that drips from the palate), is the life (jīvita) that is the essence of the universe beginning and ending with the Rudras”.

2) Jīvita (जीवित) refers to “one’s life”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “May they, whom I have recollected and are satisfied, accept the vessel of the bali. [...] O god! the bali has been offered to (them to chastise) those who despise the heroes, Siddhas and yogis on the surface of the earth here in the gathering of the practice of the Rule. May they destroy the hearing, memory, mind, sight, fat, flesh, bones and life [i.e., jīvita] of the wicked in the great gathering of the Rule!”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Jīvita (जीवित) refers to “life”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 8.88-90.—Accordingly: “The wise say that death is the natural state of embodied creatures and life (jīvita) is a change in that state. If a being remains breathing even for a moment it is surely fortunate. The foolish man regards the loss of his dear one as a dart shot into his heart. Another man looks on the same as a dart that has been pulled out, for it is a door to beatitude. When we are taught that our own body and soul unite and then separate, tell me which wise person should be tormented by separation from the external objects of the senses?”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Jīvita (जीवित) refers to “life”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the states of waking, sleep, life and death: “For those [Yogins] situated in [the state of] Rājayoga whose gaze is free from all sense objects, here there is no waking, no state of sleep, no life (jīvita), no death and no mind”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

and jīvitindriya: 'Life, vitality', may be either physical (rūpa-jīvitindriya) or mental (nāma-jīvitindriya). The latter is one of the mental factors inseparably associated with all consciousness; cf. nāma, cetanā, phassa.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Jīvita (जीवित) refers to “(one’s) life”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘(32) The wise people, having understood the fact that all dharmas are like an illusion (māyopama), are not attached to their bodies and lives (kāya-jīvita). They never hold on them, in such a way, they are certain to attain the awakening. [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Jīvita (जीवित) refers to “one’s life”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān reached the vicinity of the residence of Vaiśravaṇa], “Then at the time of drought [at] the lotus lake, all forest flowers, fruits, leaves and foliage were dry, the flowers withered. The fish, Makaras, Timiṅgilas, alligators, bees and various other water-born beings were deprived of water, and when only little water remained they fled in the ten directions, dashed, ran with pained hearts because their lives were obstructed (jīvita-virodha) and ruined”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Jīvita (जीवित, “life”) refers to one of the thirteen “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “unassociated with mind” (citta-viprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., jīvita). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Jīvita (जीवित, “life”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.20.—“The function of matter (pudgala) is also to contribute to pleasure (sukha), suffering (duḥkha), life (jīvita) and death (maraṇa) of living brings”. What is meant by life (jīvita)? Due to the rise of life determining (āyusya) karma, the continuation of the respiration of a living being in the same realm (bhava) is called life.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Jīvita (जीवित) refers to “life”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “You must understand that the body is overcome by disease, youth is overcome by old age, vitality is oppressed by decay and life (jīvita) is oppressed by death”.

2) Jīvita (जीवित) refers to a “living being”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “This world totters to the limit of the world of Brahmā with the fear of the beginning of a frown, and mountains immediately fall asunder by force of [the fact that] the earth is overcome by the weight of the heavy feet, of those heroes who are all led to death by the king of time in [the space of] some days. Nevertheless, desire is intense only in a living being who is bereft of sense (jīvitatad api hatadhiyāṃ jīvite'py uddhatāśā)”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jīvita.—(EI 28; SII 13; ASLV; SITI), maintenance; in- come or wages; also called jīvita-ppaṟṟu, jita and jīta. Note: jīvita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jīvita : (nt.) life; span of life.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jīvita, (nt.) (Vedic jīvita, orig. pp. of jīvati “that which is lived, ” cp. same formation in Lat. vīta=*vīvita; Gr. biόth living, sustenace, & di/aita, “diet”) (individual) life, lifetime, span of life; living, livelihood (cp. jīvikā) Vin. II, 191; S. I, 42; IV, 169, 213; M. II, 73 (appaṃ); A. I, 155, 255; III, 72; IV, 136 (appakaṃ parittaṃ); Sn. 181, 440, 574, 577, 931, 1077; Dh. 110, 111, 130; J. I, 222; Pv. I, 1111 (ittaraṃ); II, 67 (vijahati); Dhs. 19, 295; Vism. 235, 236; Ps. II, 245; PvA. 40.—jīvitā voropeti to deprive of life, to kill Vin. III, 73; D. III, 235; M. II, 99; A. III, 146, 436; IV, 370 sq.; PvA. 67.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jīvita (जीवित).—n S Living, life, existence.

--- OR ---

jīvita (जीवित).—p S Made alive, caused to live.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jīvita (जीवित) [-tva, -त्व].—n Living, life, existence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित).—p. p. [jīv kartari kta]

1) Living, existent, alive; R.12.75.

2) Returned to life, revived.

3) Animated, enlivened.

4) Lived through (as a period).

-tam 1 Life, existence; त्वं जीवितं त्वमसि मे हृदयं द्वितीयम् (tvaṃ jīvitaṃ tvamasi me hṛdayaṃ dvitīyam) Uttararāmacarita 3.26; कन्येयं कुलजीवितम् (kanyeyaṃ kulajīvitam) Kumārasambhava 6.63; Meghadūta 83; नाभिनन्देत मरणं नाभिनन्देत जीवितम् (nābhinandeta maraṇaṃ nābhinandeta jīvitam) Manusmṛti 6.45;7.111.

2) Duration of life.

3) Livelihood.

4) A living being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Living, alive, existent. n.

(-taṃ) Living, life, existence. E. jīva, and bhāve kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित).—[adjective] lived, living, alive, restored to life; [neuter] living creature, life, subistence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīvita (जीवित):—[from jīv] mfn. living, [Raghuvaṃśa xii, 75]

2) [v.s. ...] lived through (a period of time), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] (with or without punar) returned to life, [Mahābhārata xii, 5686; Pañcatantra; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

4) [v.s. ...] enlivened, animated, [Rāmāyaṇa v, 66, 24; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 15, 3]

5) [v.s. ...] n. a living being, [Ṛg-veda i, 1 i 3, 6]

6) [v.s. ...] life, [iv, 54, 2; Atharva-veda vi, 134, 1; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kathāsaritsāgara])

8) [v.s. ...] n. duration of life, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] livelihood, [Hitopadeśa i, 4, 36] ([varia lectio])

10) [v.s. ...] cf. a-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित):—(taṃ) 1. n. Living. a. Alive.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jīvita (जीवित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jīvāviya, Jīvia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jivita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित) [Also spelled jivit]:—(a) alive, living; (nm) essence.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jīvita (ಜೀವಿತ):—

1) [adjective] lived; existed; that was existing.

2) [adjective] having life; living; alive.

--- OR ---

Jīvita (ಜೀವಿತ):—

1) [noun] a principle or force that is considered to underlie the distinctive quality of animate beings; life.

2) [noun] the fact of being alive or mode, duration of one’s living.

3) [noun] means of support; subsistence; sustenance.

4) [noun] a fixed compensation paid periodically to a person for regular work or services; salary.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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