Jivita, Jīvita: 18 definitions



Jivita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jivit.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jīvita (जीवित, “life”) refers to a term to be used by women in love addressing their beloved during amorous union, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “he who takes the woman to the bed to please her tactfully by providing enjoyments according to her wishes and desires, is called ‘life’ (jīvita)”

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

and jīvitindriya: 'Life, vitality', may be either physical (rūpa-jīvitindriya) or mental (nāma-jīvitindriya). The latter is one of the mental factors inseparably associated with all consciousness; cf. nāma, cetanā, phassa.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Jīvita (जीवित, “life”) refers to one of the thirteen “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “unassociated with mind” (citta-viprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., jīvita). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Jīvita (जीवित, “life”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.20.—“The function of matter (pudgala) is also to contribute to pleasure (sukha), suffering (duḥkha), life (jīvita) and death (maraṇa) of living brings”. What is meant by life (jīvita)? Due to the rise of life determining (āyusya) karma, the continuation of the respiration of a living being in the same realm (bhava) is called life.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jīvita.—(EI 28; SII 13; ASLV; SITI), maintenance; in- come or wages; also called jīvita-ppaṟṟu, jita and jīta. Note: jīvita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jīvita : (nt.) life; span of life.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jīvita, (nt.) (Vedic jīvita, orig. pp. of jīvati “that which is lived, ” cp. same formation in Lat. vīta=*vīvita; Gr. biόth living, sustenace, & di/aita, “diet”) (individual) life, lifetime, span of life; living, livelihood (cp. jīvikā) Vin. II, 191; S. I, 42; IV, 169, 213; M. II, 73 (appaṃ); A. I, 155, 255; III, 72; IV, 136 (appakaṃ parittaṃ); Sn. 181, 440, 574, 577, 931, 1077; Dh. 110, 111, 130; J. I, 222; Pv. I, 1111 (ittaraṃ); II, 67 (vijahati); Dhs. 19, 295; Vism. 235, 236; Ps. II, 245; PvA. 40.—jīvitā voropeti to deprive of life, to kill Vin. III, 73; D. III, 235; M. II, 99; A. III, 146, 436; IV, 370 sq.; PvA. 67.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jīvita (जीवित).—n S Living, life, existence.

--- OR ---

jīvita (जीवित).—p S Made alive, caused to live.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jīvita (जीवित) [-tva, -त्व].—n Living, life, existence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित).—p. p. [jīv kartari kta]

1) Living, existent, alive; R.12.75.

2) Returned to life, revived.

3) Animated, enlivened.

4) Lived through (as a period).

-tam 1 Life, existence; त्वं जीवितं त्वमसि मे हृदयं द्वितीयम् (tvaṃ jīvitaṃ tvamasi me hṛdayaṃ dvitīyam) U.3.26; कन्येयं कुलजीवितम् (kanyeyaṃ kulajīvitam) Ku.6.63; Me.83; नाभिनन्देत मरणं नाभिनन्देत जीवितम् (nābhinandeta maraṇaṃ nābhinandeta jīvitam) Ms.6.45;7.111.

2) Duration of life.

3) Livelihood.

4) A living being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Living, alive, existent. n.

(-taṃ) Living, life, existence. E. jīva, and bhāve kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित).—[adjective] lived, living, alive, restored to life; [neuter] living creature, life, subistence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīvita (जीवित):—[from jīv] mfn. living, [Raghuvaṃśa xii, 75]

2) [v.s. ...] lived through (a period of time), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] (with or without punar) returned to life, [Mahābhārata xii, 5686; Pañcatantra; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

4) [v.s. ...] enlivened, animated, [Rāmāyaṇa v, 66, 24; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 15, 3]

5) [v.s. ...] n. a living being, [Ṛg-veda i, 1 i 3, 6]

6) [v.s. ...] life, [iv, 54, 2; Atharva-veda vi, 134, 1; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kathāsaritsāgara])

8) [v.s. ...] n. duration of life, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] livelihood, [Hitopadeśa i, 4, 36] ([varia lectio])

10) [v.s. ...] cf. a-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित):—(taṃ) 1. n. Living. a. Alive.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jīvita (जीवित):—(partic. von jīv simpl. u. caus.)

1) adj. a) lebend: prāgmatvā satyamasyāntaṃ jīvitāsmi lajjitā [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 75.] — b) wieder aufgelebt: yaḥ sahaiva mṛtaḥ so pi jīvitaḥ [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 18, 17.] vāksamameva ca brāhmaṇī jīvitā sā [Pañcatantra 221, 8.] — c) belebt, lebendig gemacht: yenāhaṃ jīvitā [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 66, 24.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 15, 3.] —

2) n. a) ein lebendes Wesen: visadṛśā jīvi.ā [Ṛgveda 1, 113, 6.] — b) das Leben [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1367.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 134, 1.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 5, 4, 2. 7, 3, 3.] jīvitavijñāna [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 15.] [GOBH. 1, 3, 16.] jīvitamaraṇe du. [Suśruta 1, 18, 19. 114, 19.] nābhinandeta maraṇaṃ nābhinandeta jīvitam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 45.] so cirādbhraśyate rājyājjīvitācca [7, 111.] jīvitātyayamāpannaḥ [10, 104.] ciraṃ jīvitaṃ devadattasya (devadattāya) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 73,] [Scholiast] evaṃ te jīvitaṃ dadyām [Duaupadīpramātha 9, 11.] utkrānta [Mahābhārata 1, 1492.] tyakṣyati jīvitam [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 55, 15.] tyaktajīvitayodhin [Nalopākhyāna 2, 16.] durātmanāṃ jīvitacchit [Mahābhārata 5, 1809.] nāsikāntaprāpta bei dem das Leben nur am Nasenende noch hängt [Pañcatantra 70, 12.] anapekṣitajīvitā f. [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 306.] priya so lieb wie das Leben [Amaruśataka 31.] etadeva hi me ratnametadeva hi me dhanam . etadeva hi sarvasvametadeva hi jīvitam .. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 53, 23.] kanyeyaṃ kulajīvitam [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 63.] tām jīvitaṃ me dvitīyam [Meghadūta 81.] — c) Lebensdauer: tridvyekapalya [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 132.] — d) Lebensunterhalt, Mittel zur Existenz [Hitopadeśa I, 85] (v. l. jīvana). — Vgl. ajīvita .

--- OR ---

Jīvita (जीवित):—

1) b) mit punar dass.: na punarjīvitaḥ kaścitkāladharmamupāgataḥ [Spr. 4316.] —

2) b) jīvitākāṅkṣin am Leben zu bleiben verlangend [Mahābhārata 12, 4295.] prāptajīvitā adj. [Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 144.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jīvita (जीवित) [Also spelled jivit]:—(a) alive, living; (nm) essence.

context information


Discover the meaning of jivita in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: