Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study)

by A. Yamuna Devi | 2012 | 77,297 words | ISBN-13: 9788193658048

This page relates ‘Education (4): Language and literature’ of the study on the Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (in English) which represents a commentary on the Amarakosha of Amarasimha. These ancient texts belong the Kosha or “lexicography” category of Sanskrit literature which deals with the analysis and meaning of technical words from a variety of subjects, such as cosmology, anatomy, medicine, hygiene. The Amarakosa itself is one of the earliest of such text, dating from the 6th century A.D., while the Amarakoshodghatana is the earliest known commentary on that work.

Education (4): Language and literature

A separate section called the Śabdādi varga in Amarakośa deals with aspects of language and literature such as–Brāhmī–goddess of learning, vyāhāra–language, śabda–word, vākya–sentence, Vedas and its ancillaries, itihāsaepics, ānvīkṣikī–logic, daṇḍanītiScience of Polity, ākhyāyikā–historical prose, kathā–fiction, purāṇa, pravahlikā–riddle, smṛti–code of laws, samāhṛti–compilation, samasyā–part of stanza, kimvadantī–rumour, vārtā–news, ākhyā–a summon, hūti–clamour, vivādadiscussion, upanyāsaexposition, upodghāta–opposite argument, and so on including words representing various sounds. Some of the terms relating to this topic found in the commentary of Kṣīrasvāmin in the Nānārtha varga are also discussed here.

(a) Brāhmī (I. 5. 1; p. 42)–

[Goddess of learning:]

Of the various synonyms listed by Amarakośa[1] Brāḥmī is one. Kṣīrasvāmin explains it as “The supreme” Braḥman is also said to be in the form of sound and his consort is Brāḥmī or Sarasvatīśabdabrahmaṇo'dhiṣṭhātryāḥ paryāyā ete |

(b) Apabhraṃśa (I. 5. 2; p. 42)–

[Ungrammatical language:]

Amarakośa defines Apabhraṃśa as an ungrammatical word.

Kṣīrasvāmin compliments it with citation from Mahābhāṣya[2] and also remarks that it is a corrupt form of Saṃskṛtam

saṃskṛtādapabhraṣyata ityapabhraṃśaḥ'pabhraṣṭaḥ śabdaḥ gāvī goṇī gopotalikādiḥ |

Footnotes and references:


brāhmī tu bhāratī bhāṣā gīr vāg vāṇī sarasvatī |


Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya, Vol. I, p. 14: "gaurityasya śabdasya gāvī goṇī gotā gopotalikā ityevamādayaḥ āpabhraṃśāḥ ||

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