Bharati, Bhāratī: 14 definitions

Introduction

Bharati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhāratī (भारती, “verbal style”) is the Sanskrit name for one of the four styles (vṛtti) of dramatic performance (prayoga). According to Nāṭyaśāstra 1.41-43, the four styles were originally prepared by Bharata and presented to Brahmā (who created the Nāṭyaveda from the four Vedas).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 22, there are four varieties of the verbal style:

  1. prarocanā (laudation),
  2. āmukha (the introduction),
  3. vīthī,
  4. prahasana.
Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

One of the Four Styles (vṛtti) of dramatic production (nāṭya).—Bhāratī (the Verbal)—The theatrical presentation which is characterised by a preponderating use of speech (in Skt.) and in which male characters are exclusively to be employed, is said to be in the Verbal Style (Nāṭyaśāstra XXII. 25ff.). This is applicable mainly in the evocation of the Pathetic and the Marvellous Sentiments.

Source: svAbhinava: Abhinava's Conception of Humor

Bhāratī (भारती).—The four sub-divisions of the ‘verbal’ (bhāratī) style are the prarocanā, āmukha, vīthī and prahasana (Nātya Shāstra GOS XX.27). Abhinava’s comment seems to imply that, as modes of the verbal style, the vīthī and the prahasana do not refer to particular forms of drama (but to the instances of “crooked speech” and farcical elements introduced into any play) and, as forms of drama, they are especially characterized by the verbal style, though not exhausted by it.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

1) Bhāratī (भारती, “Eloquence”):—One of the names of Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

2) Bhāratī (भारती, “eloquence”):—One of the names of Sarasvatī, the Hindu goddess of speech, eloquence and all forms of knowledge.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bhāratī (भारती).—A famous river mentioned in the Purāṇas. It is stated in Verse 25, Chapter 222 of the Vana Parva that Agni (fire) originated in this river.

2) Bharati (भरति).—Daughter of the Agni called Bharata. (Śloka 9, Chapter 219, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhāratī (भारती).—Is Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 72.

1b) (Vāṇī and Sarasvatī); wife of Prajāpati; served Lalitā with cāmara; gave the flywhisk to Gangā and entered the face of Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 39. 70-71; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 8.

1c) A river in the Ketumālā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Bhāratī (भारती) is the name of one of the children of Dhīreśvarācārya (1851-1919 C.E.): a poet of modern Assam who composed Vṛttamañjarī. Dhīreśvarācārya was the son of Keśavācārya. His maternal grandfather was Bhavadeva, resident of Nāgārakucha and belonged to Vasiṣṭhagotra. Dhīreśvarācārya is also the elder brother of Rudreśvarācārya and Upendrācārya and father of Bhāratī, Sarasvatī and Sarveśvara.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bharati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bharati : (bhar + a) bears; supports; maintains.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bharati, (bhṛ, cp. Lat. fero, Gr. fέrw, Av. baraiti, Oir. berim, Goth. bairan=to bear, Ger. gebāren. Dhtm explains simply by “bharena”) to bear, support, feed, maintain J. V, 260 (mama bharatha, ahaṃ bhattā bhavāmi vo; C. explanations as “maṃ icchatha”).—pp. bhata. See also bhaṭa, bhara, bharita, and Der. fr. bhār°. A curious Passive form is anu-bhīramāna (ppr.) M. III, 123 (chatta: a parasol being spread out), on which see Geiger, P. Gr. § 52, 5; 175 n. 3, 191. (Page 499)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bharatī (भरती).—f (bharaṇēṃ) The flux of the ocean, the tidal flow. Opp. to ōhaṭa or sukatī. 2 Completing, filling, loading. 3 Completed, filled, or loaded state (of ships, carts, beasts, vessels): also complement or completed state (of a number or a quantity). bharatīcā That is applied or that is required to complete or fill up. 2 Fit only to complete a quantity or number, or to fill up a cavity or space;--used of persons, animals, things.

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bharatī (भरती).—a Composed of the metal bharata.

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bhāratī (भारती).—a Relating to bhāratapurāṇa.

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bhāratī (भारती).—f (S) A name of sarasvatī the goddess of speech: hence speech. 2 Dramatic recitation or declamation. 3 m An order of the gōsāvī or an individual of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bharatī (भरती).—f The flux of the ocean, the tidal flow. Filling. Complement.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bharati (भरति) or Bharayati.—(in meaning 1 = AMg. bharai, bharei; denom. to Sanskrit bhara, compare Sanskrit bharita, more rarely bhṛta, filled, full; § 38.37 and Chap. 43, s.v. bhṛ 2), (1) fills (up): yojanaśataṃ prabhāye Dīpaṃkaro bharitva (mss. °tvā) asthāsi Mahāvastu i.231.5 (verse); buddhakṣetraṃ aparimitam bhari- tvā ii.295.9; (na ca śaknoti, Senart em, °nonti, tani kara- kāni) bharayituṃ iii.427.14 (mss. haray°); (tani karakāni udakena) bharayetsuḥ (so one ms., v.l. bhavetsuḥ; Senart em. bharensuḥ) 16; (2) (compare Sanskrit ppp. bhṛta, hired; otherwise recorded only in bharasva, v.l. bhajasva, mām Mahābhārata Crit. ed. 3.64.4; compare bhajasva mām 4.7.5, no v.l.), hires: dvigu- ṇayā divasamudrayā…bharayitvā (caus.?) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 105.11 (prose); having (caused to be?) hired for a double daily wage; but Kashgar recension bharitvā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāratī (भारती).—f. (-tī) 1. The goddess of speech. 2. Speech, eloquence. 3. A quail. 4. A particular kind of style. E. bhṛ, atac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharatī (भरती):—[from bharata > bhara] f. Name of a daughter of Agni Bharata, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) Bhāratī (भारती):—[from bhārata] a f. See below

4) [from bhārata] b f. of rata

5) [v.s. ...] a female descendant of Bharata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity (in, [Ṛg-veda] often invoked among the Āprī deities and [especially] together with Ilā and Sarasvatī [according to] to [Nirukta, by Yāska viii, 13] a daughter of Āditya; later identified with Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] speech, voice, word, eloquence, literary composition, dramatic art or recitation, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] (with vṛtti), a [particular] kind of style, [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 503 n. 1])

9) [v.s. ...] the Sanskṛt speech of an actor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a quail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Ocymum Sacrum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

13) [v.s. ...] one of the 10 orders of religious mendicants traced back to pupils of Śaṃkarācārya (the members of which add the word bhāratī to their names), [Horace H. Wilson; Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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