Bharati, Bhāratī: 23 definitions


Bharati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bharti.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhāratī (भारती, “verbal style”) is the Sanskrit name for one of the four styles (vṛtti) of dramatic performance (prayoga). According to Nāṭyaśāstra 1.41-43, the four styles were originally prepared by Bharata and presented to Brahmā (who created the Nāṭyaveda from the four Vedas).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 22, there are four varieties of the verbal style:

  1. prarocanā (laudation),
  2. āmukha (the introduction),
  3. vīthī,
  4. prahasana.
Source: Natya Shastra

One of the Four Styles (vṛtti) of dramatic production (nāṭya).—Bhāratī (the Verbal)—The theatrical presentation which is characterised by a preponderating use of speech (in Skt.) and in which male characters are exclusively to be employed, is said to be in the Verbal Style (Nāṭyaśāstra XXII. 25ff.). This is applicable mainly in the evocation of the Pathetic and the Marvellous Sentiments.

Source: svAbhinava: Abhinava's Conception of Humor

Bhāratī (भारती).—The four sub-divisions of the ‘verbal’ (bhāratī) style are the prarocanā, āmukha, vīthī and prahasana (Nātya Shāstra GOS XX.27). Abhinava’s comment seems to imply that, as modes of the verbal style, the vīthī and the prahasana do not refer to particular forms of drama (but to the instances of “crooked speech” and farcical elements introduced into any play) and, as forms of drama, they are especially characterized by the verbal style, though not exhausted by it.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Bhāratī (भारती) or Bhāratīvṛtti refers to one of the four Dramatic styles (vṛtti) in Indian Dramas, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—There are four kinds of vṛttis (dramatic styles) accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa. The way or style of delivering speech or dialogues in a Drama is regarded as bhāratī-vṛtti. The Sāhityadarpaṇa also agrees on it.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

1) Bhāratī (भारती, “Eloquence”):—One of the names of Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

2) Bhāratī (भारती, “eloquence”):—One of the names of Sarasvatī, the Hindu goddess of speech, eloquence and all forms of knowledge.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Bhāratī (भारती) is the name of a Goddess, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] May goddess Bhāratī shine upon me, I pray. She carries a rosary and a book in her hands, she has the stainless complexion of the full moon, and she embodies the entirety of knowledge. I venerate the beloved husband of Rati, the beautiful Mind-born [God Kāmadeva]. He carries a bow and arrows of flowers and his complexion resembles the petals of Dhak. [Again,] I approach the beloved husband of Prīti, bent round like the full moon, [serving as] the base for the ring of goddesses, in order to draw the Śrīcakra for the sake of prosperity. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bhāratī (भारती).—A famous river mentioned in the Purāṇas. It is stated in Verse 25, Chapter 222 of the Vana Parva that Agni (fire) originated in this river.

2) Bharati (भरति).—Daughter of the Agni called Bharata. (Śloka 9, Chapter 219, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhāratī (भारती).—Is Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 72.

1b) (Vāṇī and Sarasvatī); wife of Prajāpati; served Lalitā with cāmara; gave the flywhisk to Gangā and entered the face of Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 39. 70-71; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 8.

1c) A river in the Ketumālā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Bhāratī (भारती) is another name for Brāhmī, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.63-66 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Bhāratī and Brāhmī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Chopra identifies Brāhmī with 1) Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban. while Bāpālāl and Th. B.S. et al identify it with 2) Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Bhāratī (भारती) refers to “speech”, as taught in the Ceṣṭita (“symptoms of snake-bites”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—Sage Kāśyapa adds a graphic description of the features of a fatally bitten victim. Blackish-blue coloured blood oozing from the site of a fatal snake-bite, thirst, sweat, stiffness of limbs, horripilation, trembling of organs, ungainly appearance of lips and teeth, nasal speech (bhāratī) [bhāratī sānunāsā], loss of consciousness and disfigurement—all these are surefire signs of a fatally bitten person.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Bhāratī (भारती) or Bhāratīstotra refers to one of the Stotras included in the manuscript of the Saptasmaraṇa (dealing with classical hymns and stotras from Jain literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Bhāratī (भारती) is the name of one of the children of Dhīreśvarācārya (1851-1919 C.E.): a poet of modern Assam who composed Vṛttamañjarī. Dhīreśvarācārya was the son of Keśavācārya. His maternal grandfather was Bhavadeva, resident of Nāgārakucha and belonged to Vasiṣṭhagotra. Dhīreśvarācārya is also the elder brother of Rudreśvarācārya and Upendrācārya and father of Bhāratī, Sarasvatī and Sarveśvara.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Bharati in India is the name of a plant defined with Ocimum tenuiflorum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Plectranthus monachorum Spreng. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Calyx (1999)
· Flora of the British India (1885)
· Cytologia (1981)
· Numer. List (2717)
· Alphabetische und synonymische Aufzählung (1840)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1992)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bharati, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bharati : (bhar + a) bears; supports; maintains.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bharati, (bhṛ, cp. Lat. fero, Gr. fέrw, Av. baraiti, Oir. berim, Goth. bairan=to bear, Ger. gebāren. Dhtm explains simply by “bharena”) to bear, support, feed, maintain J. V, 260 (mama bharatha, ahaṃ bhattā bhavāmi vo; C. explanations as “maṃ icchatha”).—pp. bhata. See also bhaṭa, bhara, bharita, and Der. fr. bhār°. A curious Passive form is anu-bhīramāna (ppr.) M. III, 123 (chatta: a parasol being spread out), on which see Geiger, P. Gr. § 52, 5; 175 n. 3, 191. (Page 499)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bharatī (भरती).—f (bharaṇēṃ) The flux of the ocean, the tidal flow. Opp. to ōhaṭa or sukatī. 2 Completing, filling, loading. 3 Completed, filled, or loaded state (of ships, carts, beasts, vessels): also complement or completed state (of a number or a quantity). bharatīcā That is applied or that is required to complete or fill up. 2 Fit only to complete a quantity or number, or to fill up a cavity or space;--used of persons, animals, things.

--- OR ---

bharatī (भरती).—a Composed of the metal bharata.

--- OR ---

bhāratī (भारती).—a Relating to bhāratapurāṇa.

--- OR ---

bhāratī (भारती).—f (S) A name of sarasvatī the goddess of speech: hence speech. 2 Dramatic recitation or declamation. 3 m An order of the gōsāvī or an individual of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bharatī (भरती).—f The flux of the ocean, the tidal flow. Filling. Complement.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bharati (भरति) or Bharayati.—(in meaning 1 = AMg. bharai, bharei; denom. to Sanskrit bhara, compare Sanskrit bharita, more rarely bhṛta, filled, full; § 38.37 and Chap. 43, s.v. bhṛ 2), (1) fills (up): yojanaśataṃ prabhāye Dīpaṃkaro bharitva (mss. °tvā) asthāsi Mahāvastu i.231.5 (verse); buddhakṣetraṃ aparimitam bhari- tvā ii.295.9; (na ca śaknoti, Senart em, °nonti, tani kara- kāni) bharayituṃ iii.427.14 (mss. haray°); (tani karakāni udakena) bharayetsuḥ (so one ms., v.l. bhavetsuḥ; Senart em. bharensuḥ) 16; (2) (compare Sanskrit ppp. bhṛta, hired; otherwise recorded only in bharasva, v.l. bhajasva, mām Mahābhārata Crit. ed. 3.64.4; compare bhajasva mām 4.7.5, no v.l.), hires: dvigu- ṇayā divasamudrayā…bharayitvā (caus.?) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 105.11 (prose); having (caused to be?) hired for a double daily wage; but Kashgar recension bharitvā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāratī (भारती).—f. (-tī) 1. The goddess of speech. 2. Speech, eloquence. 3. A quail. 4. A particular kind of style. E. bhṛ, atac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharatī (भरती):—[from bharata > bhara] f. Name of a daughter of Agni Bharata, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) Bhāratī (भारती):—[from bhārata] a f. See below

4) [from bhārata] b f. of rata

5) [v.s. ...] a female descendant of Bharata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity (in, [Ṛg-veda] often invoked among the Āprī deities and [especially] together with Ilā and Sarasvatī [according to] to [Nirukta, by Yāska viii, 13] a daughter of Āditya; later identified with Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] speech, voice, word, eloquence, literary composition, dramatic art or recitation, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] (with vṛtti), a [particular] kind of style, [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 503 n. 1])

9) [v.s. ...] the Sanskṛt speech of an actor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a quail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Ocymum Sacrum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

13) [v.s. ...] one of the 10 orders of religious mendicants traced back to pupils of Śaṃkarācārya (the members of which add the word bhāratī to their names), [Horace H. Wilson; Catalogue(s)]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhāratī (भारती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhāraī, Bhārahī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharati in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bharatī (भरती) [Also spelled bharti]:—(nf) recruitment; enrolment, admission; packing, filling or helping to fill a void; —[] redundant; filler; extraneous.

2) Bhāratī (भारती) [Also spelled bharti]:—(nf) speech; Saraswati:-the goddess of speech; letters; mother India.

context information


Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bharati (ಭರತಿ):—

1) [adjective] holding or containing as much as possible; filled to the maximum extent.

2) [adjective] larger, greater or more intense than usual or normal.

3) [adjective] entire; whole.

4) [adjective] physically very strong; sturdy.

--- OR ---

Bharati (ಭರತಿ):—

1) [noun] the rise of the surface of oceans, seas, and the rivers, bays etc. connected with them, caused by the attraction of the moon and sun; tides.

2) [noun] abundance; plentifulness.

3) [noun] extreme degree of anything; intensity.

4) [noun] the act of filling (the blank space or spaces).

--- OR ---

Bharāṭi (ಭರಾಟಿ):—[noun] = ಭರಾಟೆ [bharate].

--- OR ---

Bhārati (ಭಾರತಿ):—

1) [noun] something that is spoken; an utterance; speech.

2) [noun] Sarasvati, the Goddess of Speech.

3) [noun] a learned man; a scholar.

4) [noun] the last name that is appended to the names of pontiffs belonging toādi Śaṃkarācarya tradition.

5) [noun] the plant Centella asiatica ( = Hydrocotyle asiatica of Apiaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of bharati in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: