Goni, Gōṇī, Goṇī: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Goni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Goṇi (गोणि):—A unit of Measurement; , Synonym of droni equivalent to 49. 152 kg / l of metric units

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Goṇī (गोणी) (Gauṇī?) refers to “cow” as well as “bag”, as mentioned in chapter 1.5 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Goṇī.—(CII 4), name of a measure of capacity; cf. goṇī-prasṛti. Note: goṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Goni in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. from the Moraceae (Mulberry) family having the following synonyms: Ficus cordata, Ficus decora. For the possible medicinal usage of goni, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Goni in Ghana is the name of a plant defined with Ceiba pentandra in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Eriodendron guineense (Thonn.) G. Don ex Loud. (among others).

2) Goni in India is also identified with Ficus elastica It has the synonym Urostigma elasticum (Roxburgh ex Hornemann) Miquel (etc.).

3) Goni is also identified with Salvadora persica It has the synonym Salvadora crassinervia Hochst. ex T. Anderson (etc.).

4) Goni in Mali is also identified with Pterocarpus erinaceus It has the synonym Lingoum erinaceum (Poir.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Phytomedicine (1999)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1825)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (1988)
· Pharmaceutical Biology (2002)
· J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. (1860)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Goni, for example diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōṇī (गोणी).—f Sackcloth. 2 A packsack or sack. 3 fig. Load or burden (of business, cares &c.) gōṇī gaḷyānta or mānēvara yēṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ See explained under gaḷā. gōṇī maṇagaṭāvara dēṇēṃ To lay (the cares of life or some business or trouble) upon one. Also gōṇī maṇagaṭāvara yēṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To come or fall upon one--such cares &c. gōṇī pāṭhīvara ghālaṇēṃ To force (a burden or business) upon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōṇī (गोणी).—f Sackcloth. A sack. Fig. Load or burden (of business &c.). gōṇī maṇa- gaṭāvara dēṇēṃ Lay (the care of life, busi ness &c.) upon one.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Goṇī (गोणी).—

1) A sack. गोणीं जनेन स्म निधातुमुद्घृतामनुक्षणं नोक्षतरः प्रतीच्छति (goṇīṃ janena sma nidhātumudghṛtāmanukṣaṇaṃ nokṣataraḥ pratīcchati) Śiśupālavadha 12.1.

2) A measure of capacity equal to a Droṇa.

3) Ragged garment, torn clothes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Goṇi (गोणि).—n. sg. goṇiḥ, or goṇī (f.?), Mahāvyutpatti 9564 = Tibetan do gal gal: Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary) and [Tibetan-English Dictionary] define do gal as important, importance, [Tibetan-English Dictionary] adding as Sanskrit equivalent gauṇī (but Sanskrit gauṇa = unimportant, of secondary importance!). Chin. also important. Mironov goṇī, v.l. goṇiḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Goṇī (गोणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. Torn or ragged clothes. 2. A sack. 3. The measure of a Drona. E. guṇ to reckon, affixes ghañ ni-guṇaḥ and ṅīṣ the deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Goṇī (गोणी).—f. A sack, [Daśakumāracarita] 30, 20 (read goṇīś ca).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Goṇī (गोणी):—[from goṇa] a f. (in Prākṛt) a cow, [Patañjali [Introduction] 35; 97; and on [vArttika] 6]

2) [v.s. ...] a sack, [Pāṇini 4-1, 42; Suśruta; Daśakumāra-carita; Śiśupāla-vadha xii, 10; Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

3) [v.s. ...] a measure of 4 Droṇas, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā i, 29]

4) [v.s. ...] f. (ifc. after numerals ṇi), [Pāṇini 1-2, 50; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

5) [v.s. ...] torn or ragged clothes, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. gauṇika.)

6) [from goṇa] b f. of ṇa q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Goṇī (गोणी):—(ṇī) 3. f. Ragged clothes.

[Sanskrit to German]

Goni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōṇi (ಗೋಣಿ):—

1) [noun] the large, deciduous tree Ficus mysorensis ( = F. drupaceae var. pubescens) of Moraceae family with ovate leaves and small round, red fruits.

2) [noun] the tree Dalbergia lanceolaria of Papilionaceae family; bastard rose wood.

3) [noun] the tree Salvadora persica of Salvadoraceae family.

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Gōṇi (ಗೋಣಿ):—

1) [noun] the plant Corchorus capsularis of Tiliaceae family with strong fibre; Jute.

2) [noun] its strong, glossy fibre used for making burlap, sacks, mats, rope etc.

3) [noun] a sack made of this fibre.

4) [noun] a coarse cloth made of jute used for making sacks, in upholstering furniture, as a backing for carpets, etc.; burlap.

5) [noun] an old unit for measuring grain.

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Gōṇi (ಗೋಣಿ):—[noun] the domestic hog, Sus scrofa; a pig.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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