Vakya, Vākya: 13 definitions

Introduction

Vakya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vākya (वाक्य, “words”) refers to one of the representations through which the body (śārīra) expresse itself, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. It is also known by the name Vākyābhinaya. These bodily expressions, or representations (abhinaya), are to be executed in accordance with the psychological states (bhāva) and sentiments (rasa) available in the dramatic play (nāṭya). It forms a part of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

The vākya representation is mainly to accompany songs and dance. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “recitatives in Sanskrit and Prakrit composed in verse or prose when they possess meanings giving various sentiments (rasa), constitute the histrionic representation by ‘words’ (vākya)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Vākya (वाक्य).—Sentence giving an idea in a single unit of expression consisting of the verb with its kārakas or instruments and adverbs.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vākya (वाक्य).—A sentence giving an idea in a single unit of expression consisting of the verb with its karakas or instruments and adverbs; cf.आख्यातं साब्ययं सकारकं सकारकविशेषणं वाक्यसंज्ञं भवतीति वक्तव्यम् । साव्ययम् । उच्चैः पठति । सकारकम् । ओदनं पचति । (ākhyātaṃ sābyayaṃ sakārakaṃ sakārakaviśeṣaṇaṃ vākyasaṃjñaṃ bhavatīti vaktavyam | sāvyayam | uccaiḥ paṭhati | sakārakam | odanaṃ pacati |) M. Bh. on P. II. 1.1. Vart. 10. Regarding the different theoretical ways of the interpretation of a sentence see the word शाब्दबोध (śābdabodha). For details, see वाक्यपदीय (vākyapadīya) II. 2 where the different definitions of वाक्य (vākya) are given and the अखण्डवाक्यस्फोट (akhaṇḍavākyasphoṭa) is established as the sense of a sentence.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Vākya (वाक्य).—A celestial longitude value encoded in alphanumeric notation; (lit., sentence). Note: Vākya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vākya : (nt.) a sentence; saying.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vākya, (nt.) (fr. vac: see vāk & vācā; Vedic vākya) saying, speech, sentence, usually found in poetry only, e.g. D. II, 166 (suṇantu bhonto mama eka-vākyaṃ); A. II, 34 (sutvā arahato vākyaṃ); III, 40 (katvāna vākyaṃ Asitassa tādino); Sn. 1102 (=vacana Nd2 559); J. IV, 5; V, 78; Ap 25; KhA 166 (°opādāna resumption of the sentence); DhsA. 324 (°bheda “significant sentence” translation). (Page 606)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vākya (वाक्य).—n (S) A sentence; a complete proposition; a short paragraph; a period. 2 A rule, maxim, dictum, aphorism.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vākya (वाक्य).—n A sentence. A rule, maxim.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vākya (वाक्य).—[vac-ṇyat casya kaḥ]

1) Speech, words, a sentence, saying, what is spoken; शृणु मे वाक्यम् (śṛṇu me vākyam) 'hear my words', 'hear me'; वाक्ये न संतिष्ठते (vākye na saṃtiṣṭhate) 'does not obey'; संक्षिप्तस्याप्यतोऽस्यैव वाक्यस्यार्थगरीयसः (saṃkṣiptasyāpyato'syaiva vākyasyārthagarīyasaḥ) Śi.1.2.24.

2) A sentence, period (complete utterance of a thought); वाक्यं स्याद्योग्यताकाङ्क्षासत्तियुक्तः पदोच्चयः (vākyaṃ syādyogyatākāṅkṣāsattiyuktaḥ padoccayaḥ) S. D.6; पदसमूहो वाक्यम् (padasamūho vākyam) Tarka K.; श्रौत्यार्थी च भवेद्वाक्ये समासे तद्धिते तथा (śrautyārthī ca bhavedvākye samāse taddhite tathā) K. P.1.

3) An argument or syllogism (in logic).

4) A precept, rule, an aphorism.

5) (In astr.) The solar process for all astronomical computations.

6) An assertion, statement.

7) Command.

8) (In law) Declaration, legal evidence.

9) Betrothment.

Derivable forms: vākyam (वाक्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vākya (वाक्य).—n.

(-kyaṃ) 1. A sentence. 2. A rule or aphorism. 3. Speech. 4. (In astronomy,) The solar process for all astronomical computations. E. vac to speak, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vākya (वाक्य):—a etc. See p. 936, col. 2.

2) [from vāc] b n. (ifc. f(ā). ) speech, saying, assertion, statement, command, words (mama vākyāt, in my words, in my name), [Mahābhārata] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a declaration (in law), legal evidence, [Manu-smṛti]

4) [v.s. ...] an express decl° or statement (opp. to liṅga, ‘a hint’ or indication), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] betrothment, [Nārada-smṛti, nāradīya-dharma-śāstra]

6) [v.s. ...] a sentence, period, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Pāṇini], [vArttika] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a mode of expression, [Catalogue(s)]

8) [v.s. ...] a periphrastic mode of expression, [Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]; Siddhānta-kaumudī]

9) [v.s. ...] a rule, precept, aphorism, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

10) [v.s. ...] a disputation, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] (in logic) an argument, syllogism or member of a syllogism

12) [v.s. ...] the singing of birds, [Harivaṃśa]

13) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) the solar process in computations, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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