Anvikshiki, Ānvīkṣikī, Ānvīkṣiki: 11 definitions

Introduction

Anvikshiki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ānvīkṣikī and Ānvīkṣiki can be transliterated into English as Anviksiki or Anvikshiki, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी) refers to “logic/philosophy”. It represents a branch of knowledge, dealing with the knowledge of the self, of which the King should be familiar with. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.43)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices

Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी, “logic”) refers to one of the nine divisions of the Paurūṣeya classification of Śāstra knowledge; all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Anvikshiki in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ānvīkṣiki (आन्वीक्षिकि).—(adhyātmakī vidyā)—Taught by Dattātreya to Alarka and others.1 Produced by Brahmā.2 Helps concentration on the Absolute.3 Learnt by Rāma and Kṛṣṇa.4 Symbolical of Devī.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 215. 54; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 10. 27.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 44; 25. 4.
  • 3) Ib. XI. 20. 24.
  • 4) Ib. X. 45. 34.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 121.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey

Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी) refers to “philosophy and logic” and represents one of the four classes of knowledge needed to run a state according to Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra (4th century BCE): one of the most influential treatises of political science. Ānvīkṣikī is considered to be the “lamp of all sciences”.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Anvikshiki in Hinduism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (h)

Ānvikṣikī (आन्विक्षिकी).— The oldest name of Nyāya is Ānvikṣikī. Ānvikṣikī means the science of inquiry. It comprises Ātma-vidyā and the theory of reasons. Manu has used the term Ānvikṣikī to mean Ātmavidyā and his followers also called Ānvīkṣikī as a branch of the Vedas.8 Kauṭilya has accepted Ānvīkṣikī as a separate branch of study over and above, Trayi (the Vedas), Vārttā (commerce) and Daṇḍanīti (polity). Kauṭilya has included the Sāṃkhya, Yoga and Lokāyata in the Ānvikṣikī.

The time of the formation of Ānvikṣikī as a distinct branch of learning was about 650 B.C. Ānvīkṣikī was called Hetu-śāstra or Hetu Vidyā as it dealt predominantly with the science of reasoning. This meaning of Ānvīkṣikī is found in the Manusaṃhitā, Mahābhārata etc. It is also known as Tarkavidyā, the art of debate or Vāda-vidyā, the art of discussion. In later times Ānvikṣikī has come to be denoted as Nyāya-śāstra (the science of true reasoning).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anvikshiki in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी).—f S The first of the four divisions of rājanīti (the science of kingly administration). Searching out or scheming and planning by consideration and consultation. See trayī, vārttā, daṇḍa- nīti. 2 Or ātmavidyā Science of spiritualities or spirit; science of principles, nature, or being; ontology, metaphysics, or general philosophy. ānvī- kṣikī is explained as comprehending nyāyaśāstra & vēdānta or Logical philosophy and the Philosophy of spirit. See arthaśāstra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी).—f (The first of the four divisions of rājanīti) Science of spiri- tuality.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anvikshiki in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी).—[anvīkṣā prayojanamasyāḥ ṭhañ]

1) Logic, logical philosophy.

2) Metaphysics (ātmavidyā q. v.); आन्वीक्षिक्यात्मविद्या स्यादीक्षणात्सुखदुःखयोः । ईक्षमाणस्तया तत्त्वं हर्षशोकौ व्युदस्यति (ānvīkṣikyātmavidyā syādīkṣaṇātsukhaduḥkhayoḥ | īkṣamāṇastayā tattvaṃ harṣaśokau vyudasyati) || Kām.2.11; आन्वीक्षिकीश्रवणाय (ānvīkṣikīśravaṇāya) Māl.1; Ms.7.43; (nyāya ānvīkṣikī pañcādhyāyī gautamena praṇītā Madhusūdhana).

3) Philosophy of Sāṅkhya, Yoga and Lokāyata; साङ्ख्यं योगो लोकायतं चेत्यान्वीक्षिकी (sāṅkhyaṃ yogo lokāyataṃ cetyānvīkṣikī) Kau. A.1.2. cf. also आन्वीक्षिकी त्रयी वार्ता दण्डनीतिश्चेति विद्याः (ānvīkṣikī trayī vārtā daṇḍanītiśceti vidyāḥ) Kau. A.1.2. आश्रयः सर्वधर्माणां शश्वदान्वीक्षिकी मता (āśrayaḥ sarvadharmāṇāṃ śaśvadānvīkṣikī matā) Kau. A.1.2; Bhāg.7.12.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी).—f. (-kī) Logical philosophy, metaphysics. E. anu according to, īkṣ to see, ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी).—(±vidyā) [feminine] logic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी):—f. ([from] anv-īkṣā), logic, logical philosophy, metaphysics, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Gautama-dharma-śāstra etc.]

2) (also, with buddhi) an argumentative mind, [Rāmāyaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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