Varta, aka: Vārtā, Vārta; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Varta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Vārtā (वार्ता) refers to “trade-agriculture”. It represents a branch of knowledge, dealing with the acquiring and spending of wealth, of which the King should be familiar with. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.43)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Vārtā (वार्ता, “agriculture”) refers to “animal husbandry” and “trade and commerce” and represents one of the nine divisions of the Paurūṣeya classification of Śāstra knowledge; all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vārta (वार्त).—A King of ancient India. This King stays in the palace of Yama praising and worshipping him. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8, Stanza 10).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Vārtā (वार्ता).—Produced by Brahmā; according to Prahlāda, should be a means to realise Hari; profession of Vaiśyas. Fourfold—kṛṣi, vāṇijyam, go-rakṣa, and kusīda (usury).1 Began in the Tretāyuga and disappears towards the close of the Kali; not known in Puṣkaradvīpa.2 Origin of commerce; came into being after the beginning of the Tretāyuga when the grāmāraṇya corns were not enough and when people wanted something more to live on; with vārtā came maryādā and conventions of society;3 symbolical of Devī;4 a vidyā.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 44; VII. 6. 26; 11. 16; X. 24. 21. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 117; 57. 89; 58. 25; 59. 36; 61. 160 and 166.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 121. 30. 3 and 8; 32. 40; 35. 187 and 195; III. 74. 210-2. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 83.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 159, 202; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 151. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 20 and 22.
  • 4) Ib. I. 9. 121.
  • 5) Ib. V. 10. 27-28.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Varta (वर्त).—A term used by ancient grammarians and later on by commentators for compound words; cf. वर्तनं वर्तः समासः (vartanaṃ vartaḥ samāsaḥ) Nyasa on Kas. II.4.15.

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Vārta (वार्त).—Of no use; serving no purpose; the word is possibly derived from वार्ता (vārtā) (लेकवाती (lekavātī)) meaning people's gossip; cf एतच्च वार्तम् (etacca vārtam) M.Bh.on P.I.2. 64 Vart. 25; also on P. II.2.24, II. 4.13 etc.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Vārta (वार्त, “economics”) refers to one of the four classes of knowledge needed to run a state according to Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra (4th century BCE): one of the most influential treatises of political science. Vārta refers to economics, specifically agriculture, cattle breeding, and trade.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Vārta.—(CII 4; IA 14), same as Vṛtti-bhuj, ‘one who enjoys a grant or the share of a grant’; a person in possession of a vṛtti. Note: vārta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Vartta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vārtā (वार्ता).—f Tidings. Rumour. Conversation. vārtāhī nasaṇēṃ To exist not even in name.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varta (वर्त).—(Usually at the end of comp.) Living, livelihood; as in कल्यवर्त (kalyavarta) q. v.

Derivable forms: vartaḥ (वर्तः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 39 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Rajavarta
Rājāvarta.—(SII 2; SITI), a kind of gem; lapis lazuli; same as vaiḍūrya. Note: rājāvarta is def...
Brahmavarta
Brahmāvarta (ब्रह्मावर्त) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in ...
Vartaloha
Vartaloha (वर्तलोह).—bell-metal, a kind of brass.Derivable forms: vartaloham (वर्तलोहम्).Vartal...
Candravarta
1) Candrāvarta (चन्द्रावर्त) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) (according to Piṅgala) t...
Shubhavarta
Śubhavārtā (शुभवार्ता).—good news. Śubhavārtā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śu...
Varta-anukarshaka
Vārta-anukarṣaka.—(IA 6), official designation of doubtful meaning; probably, a spy; mentioned ...
Vartajanman
Vartajanman (वर्तजन्मन्).—m. a cloud. Vartajanman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...
Galavarta
Galavārta (गलवार्त).—a. 1) safe in the work of the throat, able to eat much and digest it, heal...
Kalyavarta
Kalyavarta (कल्यवर्त).—morning meal, breakfast. भोः सुखं न आमयपरिभूतमकल्यवर्तं च (bhoḥ sukhaṃ n...
Mithyavarta
Mithyāvārtā (मिथ्यावार्ता).—a false report. Mithyāvārtā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Andhakavarta
Andhakavarta (अन्धकवर्त).—Name of a mountain. Derivable forms: andhakavartaḥ (अन्धकवर्तः).Andha...
Guruvarta
Guruvartā (गुरुवर्ता).—f. respectful behaviour towards Guru (elder or venerable person); निवेद्...
Lokavarta
Lokavārtā (लोकवार्ता).—popular report, public rumour; कश्चिदक्षर्धूतः कलासु कवित्वेषु लोकवार्ता...
Vartatikshna
Vartatīkṣṇa (वर्ततीक्ष्ण).—bell-metal, a kind of brass.Derivable forms: vartatīkṣṇam (वर्ततीक्ष...
Vidya
Vidyā (विद्या).—f. (-dyā) 1. Knowledge, learning, science, whether sacred or profane, though mo...

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