Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 18.3

कर्तव्यदुःखमार्तण्डज्वालादग्धान्तरात्मनः ।
कुतः प्रशमपीयूषधारासारमृते सुखम् ॥ ३ ॥

kartavyaduḥkhamārtaṇḍajvālādagdhāntarātmanaḥ |
kutaḥ praśamapīyūṣadhārāsāramṛte sukham || 3 ||

How can there be happiness, for one who is burnt inside by the blistering sun of the pain of things that need doing, without the rain of the nectar of peace?

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kartavya, Duhkha, Martanda, Jvala, Gdha, Tara, Mana, Manas, Kutah, Kuta, Prashama, Piyushadhara, Asara, Rite, Rita, Riti, Sukham, Sukha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kartavyaduḥkhamārtaṇḍajvālādagdhāntarātmanaḥ
  • kartavya -
  • kartavya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kartavya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
  • duḥkha -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mārtaṇḍa -
  • mārtaṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jvālād -
  • jvāla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    jvāla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gdhān -
  • gdha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tarāt -
  • tara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    tara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • manaḥ -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kutaḥ praśamapīyūṣadhārāsāramṛte sukham
  • kutaḥ -
  • kutaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kutaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kuta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • praśama -
  • praśama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pīyūṣadhārā -
  • pīyūṣadhārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asāram -
  • asāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    asāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ṛte -
  • ṛte (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ṛte (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ṛti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ṛti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.3

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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