Kartavya, Kartavyā: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Kartavya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kartavya in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Kartavya (कर्तव्य) refers to “necessary (rules)” (for practicing prāṇāyāma), according to the Haṭhatattvakaumudī, an 18th-century text on Haṭhayoga consisting of fifty-six chapters and approximately 1680 verses.—The Haṭhatattvakaumudī has five chapters on prāṇāyāma (9, 10, 12, 37–38), namely, the preliminary auxiliaries and rules of practice for prāṇāyāma, an explanation of the names, nature and characteristics of kumbhakas, breathing methods for quelling suffering, necessary rules for Prāṇāyāma (kartavya-vidhi) and an explanation of prāṇāyāma, which total more than 240 verses.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kartavya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kartavyā (कर्तव्या) refers to “those (procedures) which should be followed”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.29 (“Śivā-Śiva dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva: “[...] The planets were not worshipped by my father. Therefore a great defect occurred in our marriage in regard to the planets. Hence, O lord, you will celebrate marriage in accordance with the rules for the fulfilment of the task of the gods. The customary procedures of the marriage shall certainly be followed (kartavyā). Let Himavat know that an auspicious penance has been performed well by his daughter”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Kartavya (कर्तव्य) refers to “that (offering) which must be made”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “[...] with [this] ‘Heart of the snakes;’ the cloud-monarchs too must be depicted, emitting a shower, and rubbing against one another; at the end masses of rain-birds and lightning are to be painted; and parched rice canopied by the swastika, also fish and flesh, and honey-food without curds, and a sumptuous offering must be made (kartavya) there. [...]”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Kartavya (कर्तव्य) refers to “that which has to be done”, according to the Aṣṭāhnikamahotsava (dealing with Festivals in Jain literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—[...] After prohibitions come prescriptions on what has to be done (kartavya). This includes sāmāyika, poṣadha and worship of Jina images (jinapratimā pūjai)—which is fruitful even if performed in a non-Ārya region, as illustrated by the lengthy story of Ārdrakumāra: [...]

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kartavya.—(LP), derived from kṛt; ‘to be cut’. Note: kartavya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kartavya (कर्तव्य).—n Duty. a (Necessary) to be done. n Deed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kartavya (कर्तव्य).—a. What ought to be cut or lopped, fit to be destroyed or put down; पुत्रः सखा वा भ्राता वा पिता वा यदि वा गुरुः । रिपुस्थानेषु वर्तन्तः कर्तव्या भूतिमिच्छता (putraḥ sakhā vā bhrātā vā pitā vā yadi vā guruḥ | ripusthāneṣu vartantaḥ kartavyā bhūtimicchatā) || Mb.

--- OR ---

Kartavya (कर्तव्य).—pot. p. What is fit or ought to be done; हीनसेवा न कर्तव्या कर्तव्यो महदाश्रयः (hīnasevā na kartavyā kartavyo mahadāśrayaḥ) H.3.11; मया प्रात- र्निःसत्त्वं वनं कर्तव्यम् (mayā prāta- rniḥsattvaṃ vanaṃ kartavyam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

-vyam, -kartavyatā What ought to be done, a duty, obligation; कर्तव्यं वो न पश्यामि (kartavyaṃ vo na paśyāmi) Ku. 6.61,2.62; Y.1.331.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kartavya (कर्तव्य).—[adjective] to be made or done; [neuter] duty, task.

--- OR ---

Kartavya (कर्तव्य).—[adjective] to be made or done; [neuter] duty, task.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kartavya (कर्तव्य):—[from kartave] and kartavya mfn. ([future] pass. p. of √1. kṛ q.v.) to be done or made or accomplished etc., [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. that which ought to be done, obligation, duty, task, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kartavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kartavya (ಕರ್ತವ್ಯ):—[noun] any action, task, etc. required by or relating to one’s occupation or position; that which ought to be done; duty.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of kartavya in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: