Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 18.2

अर्जयित्वाखिलानर्थान्भोगानाप्नोति पुष्कलान् ।
न हि सर्वपरित्यागमन्तरेण सुखी भवेत् ॥ २ ॥

arjayitvākhilānarthānbhogānāpnoti puṣkalān |
na hi sarvaparityāgamantareṇa sukhī bhavet || 2 ||

One may get all sorts of pleasure by the acquisition of various objects of enjoyment, but one cannot be happy except by the renunciation of everything.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Akhila, Artha, Bhoga, Pushkala, Sarva, Parityaga, Antarena, Antara, Sukhi, Sukhin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “arjayitvākhilānarthānbhogānāpnoti puṣkalān
  • arjayitvā -
  • ṛj -> arjayitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ṛj]
  • akhilān -
  • akhila (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • arthān -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • bhogān -
  • bhoga (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • āpnoti -
  • āp (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • puṣkalān -
  • puṣkala (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “na hi sarvaparityāgamantareṇa sukhī bhavet
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sarva -
  • sarva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • parityāgam -
  • parityāga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • antareṇa -
  • antareṇa (indeclinable)
    antara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    antara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sukhī -
  • sukhī (noun, masculine)
    sukhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sukhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhavet -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.2

Cover of edition (1994)

Ashtavakra Gita (song of Ashtavakra)
by John Richards (1994)

Or the Song of Ashtavakra, Ashtavakra Samhita

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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