Prashama, aka: Praśama, Praśāma; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prashama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Praśama and Praśāma can be transliterated into English as Prasama or Prashama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Praśama (प्रशम) is the third aspect of Bhairava, representing the state where everything is dissolved in his flame of mahābodha (universal consciousness), according to Abhinavagupta in his Tantrāloka 3.283-285. The Tantrāloka (10th century) is an elaborate Sanskrit exposition of Śaivism.

Bhairava is a mystical representation of the Ultimate Reality in the form of Parama-Śiva into which prakāśa (“light of consciousness”) and vimarśa (“eternal awareness of that light”) are fused.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Praśama (प्रशम).—What is the meaning of praśama? Absence of the intense attachment is praśama.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Prashama in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

praśama (प्रशम).—m S Assuagement, appeasement, abatement (of anger, lust &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prashama in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Praśama (प्रशम).—

1) Calmness, tranquillity, composure; प्रशमस्थितपूर्वपार्थिवम् (praśamasthitapūrvapārthivam) R.8.15; Ki.2.32.

2) Peace, rest.

3) Extinction, abatement; प्रशमादर्चिषामेतत् (praśamādarciṣāmetat) Ku.2.2.

4) Cessation, end, destruction; निर्वाणवैरदहनाः प्रशमादरीणां (nirvāṇavairadahanāḥ praśamādarīṇāṃ) Ve.1.7; प्रयतः प्रशमं हुताशनस्य (prayataḥ praśamaṃ hutāśanasya) Śi.2.73.

5) Pacification, appeasement; प्रशमोपन्यसनं वृथा मम (praśamopanyasanaṃ vṛthā mama) Śi.16.51.

Derivable forms: praśamaḥ (प्रशमः).

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Praśāma (प्रशाम).—

1) Tranquillity, calm, composure.

2) Quenching, extinction, allaying.

3) Cessation.

Derivable forms: praśāmaḥ (प्रशामः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praśama (प्रशम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Calmness, tranquillity, composure. 2. Assuagement, appeasement. 3. Abatement, extinction. E. pra, śam to pacify, ac or ghañ affix.

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Praśāma (प्रशाम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Tranquillity, quiescence. 2. Allaying, pacifying. 3. Laying, suppressing. E. pra before, śam to be at rest, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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