Pradyumna: 26 definitions


Pradyumna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pradyumna in Purana glossary
Source: The Garuda puranam

The stone known, as Pradyumna, is of a yellow colour, has a small ring-like mark, is of an elongated shape and bears on its surface a large number of impressions like pin-holes.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—General information. A son born to Śrī Kṛṣṇa of his wife Rukmiṇī, Pradyumna was the rebirth of Kāmadeva. (For genealogy see under Kṛṣṇa). (See full article at Story of Pradyumna from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) is a son of Kṛṣṇa as well as the incarnation of Kāma, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to the Gods: “[...] Kṛṣṇa will beget Kāma in Rukmiṇī when he goes to Dvārakā and begins to procreate children. His name will certainly be Pradyumna. The demon Śambara will abduct the boy at the time of his very birth. After abducting the boy, the great demon, Śambara, will throw him in the sea. The foolish fellow will take him for dead and will return to his city. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—The eldest son of Kṛṣṇa by Rukminī; in his previous birth the God of Love (Kāma, Smara);1 within ten days of his birth Śambara stole him and threw the babe into the sea; was swallowed by a fish; fishermen who caught the fish presented it to Śambara who asked the cooks to cook it; when cut open there was the child inside and Nārada asked Māyāvatī in charge of the kitchen to take care of the child after telling her the truth about it; that it was the re-incarnation of her husband Kāma; she brought up the child more as a lover; asked by Pradyumna why she was not behaving as a mother but as a wife she explained that she was Ratī and himself Kāma, and also as to how he came there by Śambara's act; taught Māyāvatī the vidyā of mahāmāyā he invited Śambara to battle and cut off his head; then Māyāvatī took him by air to Dvārakā the residence of Rukmiṇī and Kṛṣṇa; in Kṛṣṇa's palace, women found the likeness of Kṛṣṇa in him and Rukminī thought of her lost son; to their wonder and joy Nārada related the life story of Pradyumna; the couple were embraced by all of them and the whole Dvārakā was filled with satisfaction.2 Won his wife Rukmāvatī (Vaidarbhī) in a svayaṃvara after vanquishing his rivals; father of Aniruddha;3 attended his son's marriage at Bhojakaṭa;4 Picture drawn by Citralekha;5 one among the Vṛṣṇis who went to attack Bāṇa's city;6 fought with Guha;7 went along with his brothers to play and seeing a huge lizard in a well reported the same to Kṛṣṇa;8 defended Dvārakā with other Yadus when Śālva besieged it; defeated Śālva's commander-in-chief and did other feats of valour; had a hit in the chest by Śālva's minister Dyumat and was taken out by his charioteer, whom he chided for his action; the charioteer defended his action under the ethics of war; attacked and vanquished Dyumat;9 went to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse;10 went with Kṛṣṇa's sacrificial horse;11 unable to recover the dead son of the Dvārakā Brahmana;12 fought with Sāmba at Prabhāsa deluded by Kṛṣṇa;13 at his death his wives burnt themselves in fire.14

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 37; V. 26. 12 to the end; ch. 27 (whole); 28. 6-7; 32. 1 and 6; Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 29; 11. 17; 14. 30; X. 40. 21; 61. 7 and 9; 90. 35; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 245; 72. 1; IV. 29. 128; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 237.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. ch. 55 (whole); Matsya-purāṇa 47. 15, 23; 93. 51; 101; 10; 248. 48.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 18, 22, 23 [8]; 90. 36. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 39.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 26.
  • 5) Ib. X. 62. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 24.
  • 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 63. 3.
  • 7) Ib. X. 63. 7.
  • 8) Ib. X. 64. 1-4.
  • 9) Ib. X. 76. 13-33. 77. 1-3.
  • 10) Ib. X. 82. 6.
  • 11) Ib. X. 89. 22. [2].
  • 12) Ib. X. 89. 31 and 41; 90. 33.
  • 13) Ib. XI. 30. 16.
  • 14) Ib. X. 31. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 12; 37. 46.

1b) A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16

1c) A son of Bhānumān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 19.

1d) An epithet of Viṣṇu;1 worship of.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 276. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 18. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 21.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 5. 37; IV. 24. 35; VI. 16. 18.

1e) A Vaṃśavīra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 1.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.43, I.65, I.61.91) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pradyumna) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) is the deity to be worshipped in the month Jyeṣṭha for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In Jyeṣṭha, the tooth-brush is that of aśvattha-wood. The food taken is lavaṅga. The deity to be worshipped is Pradyumna. The flowers used in worship are mallikā. The naivedya offerings is sohalikā. The result  accrued equals vajapeya.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न, “The illuminator”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Prīti.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

Pradyumna—with this Vyūha the duality of Spirit (Puruṣa) and Matter (Prakṛti) makes its appearance, by means of the aiśvarya (abso lute independence) guṇa.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Pradyumna is cloud-coloured or yellowish hue (pītaka); a very small cakra at the opening (sūkṣma-cakra); many holes (bahu-chidra) and dents. Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (e.g., Pradyumna stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5 (shilpa)

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) is the name of a deity corresponding to the third vyūha (part of five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness) according to Pāñcarātrins thought.—The third (Pradyumna) form of the Supreme Lord is clothed in a red silk shining with the fish in the flag who has the radiance of fire-flies rising (appearing) during the night of the rainy season has a single face and four hands, the two main hands are to be meditated upon as before, O wise man! the bow śārṅga in the hind (other) left hand and the fire arrows in the right.

All these (e.g., Pradyumna) wear vanamālā, have the marks of Śrīvatsa, and shine with Kaustubha, the king of gems in the chest. They are to be thought of as always having crown, crest, beautiful necklace, armlets and anklets, variegated ornamental marks in the forehead, have the shining ear rings resembling the crocodiles, have different kinds of garlands and adorned with smearing of the beautiful camphor etc.

Pradyumna is to be thought of in the petal which is in the midst of north and west.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pradyumna in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) or Pradyumnaśikhara is the name of a doorway leading to Pātāla (lower regions) made by Pradyumna, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Śiva (Tryambaka) said to a certain ascetic: “... and Pradyumna, in order to deliver his son, laid it open, making a door in one place with the peak of a mountain, and he placed Durgā there, under the name of Śārikā, to guard that door, after propitiating her with hundreds of praises. Consequently even now the place is called by the two names of Peak of Pradyumna and Hill of Śārikā (Pradyumna-śikhara). So go and enter Pātāla with your followers by that famous opening, and by my favour you shall succeed there”.

2) Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) is the name of an ancient king from Śobhāvatī, according to the twenty-third story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 97. Accordingly, “... it [Śobhāvatī] was ruled by a king named Pradyumna, whose sway was mighty, and who, like the god Pradyumna, was celebrated for his exceeding power and valour... In a certain part of that town there was a grant named Yajñasthala, given by that king [Pradyumna], on which many Brāhmans were settled”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pradyumna, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) refers to:—Son of Śrī Kṛṣṇa who resides in Dvārakā; samaṣṭikāmadeva, the cupid of Dvārakā and Mathurā; the third of the original quadruple expansion in Dvārakā; in the second quadruple expansion, he is the lord of the mind. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pradyumna in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Pradyumna was the son of Krishna and Rukmini. He was very accomplished with the bow, rivalling the prowess of his illustrious father.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्‍न) is also a character in the Srimad Bhagavatam. He was the son of Krishna and Rukmini. Pradyumna is considered as one of the four vyuha avatar of Vishnu. When he was a baby he was abducted by the demon Sambara. He was then cast into the sea and swallowed by a fish, but that fish was caught and carried to the house of Sambara. The fish was opened and the child was found inside. He was given to a woman in Sambara's house to raise. Narada informed her about the true identity of the child. When Pradyumna grew up, he battled the demon Sambara, defeated him. Pradyumna was later killed in a brawl in his father's court at Dwaraka. According to some accounts, Pradyumna was an incarnation of Kama, the god of love.

Pradyumna was son of Lord Krishna and 61st grandson of Adinarayan. His mother was Rukmini, whom Lord Krishna got from her father Bhimkashen Narayan. He was the version of God Kamdev. In the Treta Yuga, Kamdev was burnt by Shiva when he became a barrier to Shiva's meditation. Shiva blessed Kamdev's distraught wife, Rati and promised her that in his next birth Kamdev will be a part of Krishna and Rati will be the daughter of Bhimkaraya and that she will marry him.

Pradyumna is also a name of the Hindu god Vishnu. He is one in 24 Keshava Namas (names), praised in all pujas. It is also the only name in Sanskrit with all the 3 letters joint (referred as जोडाक्षर)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pradyumna in Jainism glossary
Source: Tessitori Collection I

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) or Pradyumnasūri is the name of a teacher mentioned in the Bṛhadgaccha-gurvāvalī (dealing with Jain lineages history) (in Sanskrit/Prakrit/Gujarati), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The information provided by the Bṛhadgacchagurvāvalī for the teachers [e.g., Pradyumna-sūri] includes their literary achievements, reference to installation of images, and, the case arising, their feats in debates with non-Jains. [...]

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pradyumna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—An epithet of Cupid, the god of love. [He was a son of Kṛṣṇa and Rukmiṇī. When only six years old, he was stolen away by the demon Śambara for he was foretold that Pradyumna would be his destroyer. Śambara cast the child into the roaring sea, and a large fish swallowed it. This fish was caught by a fisherman and taken to the demon; and when it was cut up, a beautiful child came out from the belly, and Māyāvatī, the mistress of Śambara's household, at the desire of Nārada, carefully reared him from childhood. As he grew up, she was fascinated by the beauty of his person, but Pradyumna reproved her for entertaining towards himself feelings so unbecoming a mother as he considered her. But when he was told that he was not her son, but of Viṣṇu and was cast into the sea by Śambara, he became enraged, and, challenging him to fight, succeeded in killing him by the force of illusions. He and Māyāvatī afterwards repaired to the house of Kṛṣṇa, where Nārada told him and Rukmiṇī that the boy was their own and that Māyāvatī was his wife.]

Derivable forms: pradyumnaḥ (प्रद्युम्नः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—(1) (= Pali Pajjunna, which is com-monly derived from Sanskrit Parjanya, Geiger 23; if so, this would be hyper-Sanskrit; according to Waldschmidt, note ad loc., Fa-t'ien also points to Pradyumna), name of a god of rain: Mahāsamājasūtra Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4,185.19; (2) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—m.

(-mnaḥ) Kama, the Hindu Cupid, reborn as the son of Krishna. by Rukmini. He was Stolen from the lying-in-chamber by Sambara when he was but six days old. Sambara cast him into the ocean when a large fish swallowed the child. The fish was caught by a fisherman and delivered to Sambara. When the fish was cut open his wife Mayabati found the beautiful boy alive and reared him up. When Pradyumna knew that Sambara had stolen him when a child he defied the demon to battle and killed him and went back to his father’s house with Mayabati as his wife. E. pra pre-eminent, dyumna power.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—[pra-dyumna], m. The god of love.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—[masculine] [Epithet] of the god of love (lit. the powerful), [Name] of [several] men, a mountain, & a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet, a writer of plays. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] Peters. 2, 59.

2) Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न):—astronomer. Quoted by Brahmagupta W. 1733.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न):—[=pra-dyumna] m. ‘the pre-eminently mighty one’, Name of the god of love (re-born as a son of Kṛṣṇa and Rukmiṇī, or as a son of Saṃkarṣaṇa and then identified with Sanat-kumāra), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the pleasant (= kāma), [Subhāṣitāvali]

3) [v.s. ...] the intellect (= manas), [Śaṃkarācārya]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Manu and Naḍvalā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] of sub voce authors and teachers, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) [v.s. ...] of a river, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न):—[pra-dyumna] (mnaḥ) 1. m. Kāma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pradyumna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pradyumna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pradyumna (ಪ್ರದ್ಯುಮ್ನ):—

1) [noun] a pre-eminently mighty man.

2) [noun] name of one of the sons of Křṣṇa, considered as Kāma, the Love-God.

3) [noun] one of the four sheaths or stages of the principle of Nārāyaṇa, in which Narāyaṇa is supposed to be accomplished with wealth and virility.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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