Vivaha, Vivāha: 24 definitions
Vivaha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Vivāha (विवाह) or “marriage” is the most important of all saṃskāras Through this saṃskāra, one, who has completed the sacrificial bath (samāvartanasnāna), or brahmacaryāśrama, enters into the gārthasthāśrama. This is the most important saṃskāra for men of the twice born classes (dvija). This is the only Vedic sacrament meant for women. It is to be noted that this sacrament is also performed by śūdras without using Vedic mantras.
From the Vedic period marriage is familiar in the s ociety. According to the Ṛgveda, the purpose of marriage, is to enable a man, by b ecoming householder, to perform sacrifices to the gods and procreate sons. The husband accepts a woman as a wife for gārhapatya.
The Manusaṃhitā recognizes eight types of marriage. These are
- and Paiśāca.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Vivāha (विवाह) refers to “marriage” which was proclaimed as a “great bondage” (parabandhana) by Śiva as he was “engaged in Yoga” (yogalagna), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.16. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On hearing these words of mine—of Brahmā—in the presence of Viṣṇu, Śiva, the lord of worlds spoke to me with his face beaming with a smile: [...] Even as I am engaged in Yoga, I experience the mystic bliss. Only a man devoid of perfect knowledge will make much of marriage (vivāha) and desire it. Actually it is a great bondage (parabandhana). Hence I am not interested in it. This is truth. I am telling you the truth”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Vivaha (विवह).—An air (wind) which blows very speedily. This wind will be transformed to a fierce storm which will cause havoc everywhere. At the time of the great flood this Vivaha will blow away the cloud called Valāhaka in consequence of which destruction and devastation will become rampant on earth. (M.B, Śānti Parva, Chapter 328).
2) Vivāha (विवाह).—(marriage) General information. In ancient India marriage was considered to be a sacrifice performed in accordance with social customs. Marriage was allowed to those who had completed education at the age of sixteen. (Samāvartana). Father or teacher teaches the pupil the Vedas and Vedāṅgas. When the education is completed the teacher or father makes him sit on a seat decorated with flowers, sandalwood etc. and do Godānavrata. Then he is offered Pañcāmṛta (milk, curd, butter, honey and water). This is called Samāvartana. With this his brahmacarya ends, and he is allowed to marry and lead the life of a house-holder.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
2a) Vivāha (विवाह).—One of the four sons in the 30th Kalpa of Śarva, red in colour, attire, etc.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 30.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Vivāha (विवाह) refers to one of the eleven saṃskāras (purificatory rites of fire) forming part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shilpa)
Vivāha (विवाह) or Vivāhamūrti refers to one of the eighteen forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Kāraṇāgama (pratimālakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala): the fourth among the Siddhāntaśaivāgamas. The forms of Śiva (e.g., Vivāha) are established through a process known as Sādākhya, described as a five-fold process of creation.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey
Vivaha (विवह, “marriage”) refers to one of the sixteen saṃskāras, or “ceremonies” accompanying the individual during the Gṛhastha (householder) stage of the Āśrama way of life. These ceremonies (e.g., vivaha-saṃskāra) are community affairs and at each ceremony relations and friends gather for community eating.
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama
Vivāha (विवाह) refers to the “marriage ceremony”, which is mentioned as one of the fire-rituals related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Vivāha is mentioned in the Vīra-āgama (chapter 41) and the Makuṭa-āgama (chapter 6).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism
Vivāha (विवाह) is the twenty-second of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.
Among these decimal positions (e.g., vivāha), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Vivāha.—(EI 12), ‘one whose vehicle is the bird’; i. e. Viṣṇu. Note: vivāha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
--- OR ---
Vivāha.—(CII 1), marriage of a daughter; cf. āvāha which means the marriage of a son. Note: vivāha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vivāha : (m.) marriage.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vivāha, (fr. vi+vah) “carrying or sending away, ” i.e. marriage, wedding D. I, 99; Sn. p. 105; PvA. 144; SnA 448 (where distinction āvāha=kaññā-gahaṇaṃ, vivāha= kaññā-dānaṃ).—As nt. at Vin. III, 135. Cp. āvāha & vevāhika. (Page 638)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vivāha (विवाह).—m (S) Matrimony or wedlock. Eight forms or modes are reckoned. See under aṣṭauvivāha.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vivāha (विवाह).—m Marriage, matrimony or wedlock.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vivaha (विवह).—Name of one of the seven tongues of fire.
Derivable forms: vivahaḥ (विवहः).
--- OR ---
Vivāha (विवाह).—Marriage; (Hindu lawgivers enumerate eight forms of marriage; brāhmo daivastathaivārṣaḥ prājāpatyastathā''suraḥ | gāṃdharvo rākṣasaścaiva paiśācaścāṣṭamo'dhamaḥ || Ms.3.21; see Y.1. 58-61 also; for explanation of these forms see s. v.).
Derivable forms: vivāhaḥ (विवाहः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vivāha (विवाह).—(1) m. (= Pali id., see [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v.), giving in marriage, see s.v. āvāha; (2) m. or nt., a moderately high number, commonly about 100 akṣobhya (so Lalitavistara): m., always in Mahāvyutpatti, 7722; 7848 (cited from Gaṇḍavyūha); 7960 (cited from Lalitavistara); 8010; Sukhāvatīvyūha 31.1; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 343.17 (read vi-vāhas); nt., Lalitavistara 148.1; Gaṇḍavyūha 133.6 (105.24 gen. °hasya); (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 262.14.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-haḥ) One of the seven tongues of fire.
--- OR ---
(-haḥ) Marriage; eight recognized forms of marriage are enumerated by Hindu law-givers, viz:— “brāhmo daivastathaivārṣaḥ prājāpatyastathāsuraḥ . gāndharvo rākṣasaścaiva paiśācaścāṣṭamo'dhamaḥ ..” E. vi mutually, vah to take, aff. ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vivāha (विवाह).—i. e. vi-vah + a, m. 1. Marriage, [Pañcatantra] 188, 22. 2. Nuptial form, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 20.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vivāha (विवाह).—[masculine] leading (the bride) home; wedding, marriage.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Vivāha (विवाह) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Oudh. Xx, 170. 180 (by Gobhila).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vivaha (विवह):—[=vi-vaha] [from vi-vah] m. ‘carrying away’, Name of one of the seven winds, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]
2) [v.s. ...] of one of the seven tongues of fire, [Colebrooke]
3) Vivāha (विवाह):—[=vi-vāha] [from vi-vah] m. leading away (of the bride from her father’s house), taking a wife, marriage with ([instrumental case] with or without saha), [Atharva-veda]; etc. (eight kinds of marriage are enumerated in [Manu-smṛti iii, 21], viz. Brāhma, Daiva, Ārṣa, Prājāpatya, Āsura, Gāndharva, Rākṣasa, and Paiśāca; cf. [Yājñavalkya i, 58-61] and, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 190 etc.])
4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] wind, [Śakuntalā [Scholiast or Commentator]] ([probably] [wrong reading] for vi-vaha)
5) [v.s. ...] a vehicle (and ‘marriage’), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa vii, 13]
6) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]
7) Vīvāha (वीवाह):—[=vī-vāha] m. = vi-vāha, taking a wife, marriage (‘with’, saha), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan; Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vivāha (विवाह):—[vi-vāha] (haḥ) 1. m. Marriage.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Vivaha (विवह):—(von 1. vah mit vi) m. N. eines der sieben Winde [Mahābhārata 12, 12409. fgg.] [Harivaṃśa 12787.] [Brahmāṇḍapurāṇa] beim Schol. zu [Śākuntala 165] (vivahākhyaḥ zu lesen). eine der sieben Zungen des Feuers (als masc.!) [Colebrooke II, 398.]
--- OR ---
Vivāha (विवाह):—(von 1. vah mit vi)
1) m. Heimführung der Braut, Hochzeit, Heirath [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 55.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 7, 30.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 517.] [Halāyudha 2, 340.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 12, 1, 24. 14, 2, 65.] pra vasyaso vivā.amāpnoti [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 7, 2, 8, 7] (vasīyāṃsaṃ vivāham [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 7, 10, 4).] [Kāṭhaka-Recension 25, 3.] devavivāhaṃ vyavahetām [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 4, 27.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 11, 2, 6. 12, 5, 1. 15, 6.] [GṚHY. 1, 4, 1.] die Arten der Heirath [6, 1. fgg.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 75. 79. 84.] sāmnoḥ [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 11, 9, 5. -] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 112. 5, 152. 8, 112.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13844.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 3, 10. 2, 57, 13.] [Raghuvaṃśa 7, 17.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.1, 10. 2, S. 6, Z. 3.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 19, 43.] asya damayantyāśca [Mahābhārata 3, 2230.] vivāhaṃ kārayāmāsa damayantyā nalasya ca [2231.] vivāhaṃ nirvartayitum [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 69, 12.] rājanyaviprayoḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 18, 5.] ityeteṣāmavivāhaḥ diese dürfen nicht unter einander heirathen [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 55, 6 u.s.w.] vivāhaḥ sadṛśaiḥ saha [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 53.] samairvivāhaṃ kurute [Spr. 5180.] kumāreṇa saha vivāhaḥ kṛtaḥ [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 11, 18.fg.] kadācidvivāhaḥ saṃjātastadgṛhe [Pañcatantra 26, 19.] vivāhotkā [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 68.] vidhi [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 65.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 71, 13.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1046.] yoga [Oxforder Handschriften 215,b,37.] prayoga [276,b,29.] vivāhetikartavyatā [28.fg.] dīkṣā [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 33.] kāla [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 37. 98, 14.] [BṚH. 28 (26), 6.] samaya [Pañcatantra 188, 22.] vivāhāgni [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 8, 5.] caturthīkarman [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1046.] gṛha [Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 254.] aṣṭau strīvivāhāḥ acht Arten der Heirath [Manu’s Gesetzbuch.3,20. 26. fgg. 9,167.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch.1,58. fgg.] [Oxforder Handschriften 85,a,26. fg. 268,b. 41. 276,b,28.] gāndharveṇa vivāhena bahvyo rājarṣikanyakāḥ . śrūyante pariṇītāḥ [Śākuntala 71.] imāṃ gāndharveṇa vivāhavidhinopayamya [110, 14.] am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Kathāsaritsāgara 16, 70. 24, 32. 33, 214.] [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 97.] —
2) m. in dem Verse [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 13] wird mit einem misslungenen Wortspiele von dem Asketen gesagt: der Athem ist sein Brod, das Kleid ist sein Haus, sein eigenes Aussehen sein Goldschmuck, paśavo vivāhāḥ die Hausthiere seine Fahrgelegenheiten (Sänften und dgl.) und zugleich seine Hochzeit, der Freund ist sein Weib u.s.w. Nach [Sāyaṇa] = viśeṣeṇa nirvāhakāḥ; es hat wohl ursprünglich vivāhaḥ sg. gestanden. —
3) n. eine best. grosse Zahl [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 168, 15. fg.] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 181. 184.] —
4) m. als Name eines Windes in einem Citat beim [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 165] fehlerhaft für vivaha . — Vgl. ku, durvivāha .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Vivāha (विवाह) [Also spelled vivah]:—(nm) marriage, wedding, matrimony; -[utsava] nuptials, marriage celebrations; —[karanā] to marry, to wed; —[ke gīta] epithalamium, wedding songs; -[dveṣa] misogamy; -[baṃdhana] wedlock; -[yogya] marriageable; a match; •[āyu] marriageable age; -[viccheda] breaking of marriage; -[saṃbaṃdha] matrimonial relation; •[toḍanā] to divorce; to break the wedlock; -[saṃbaṃdhī/viṣayaka] matrimonial, nuptial; [vivāhotsava] nuptials, marriage celebrations.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+48): Vivaha-kara, Vivaha-pana, Vivaha-ppanam, Vivahabhushana, Vivahacandrodaya, Vivahacaturthika, Vivahacaturthikarman, Vivahacatushtaya, Vivahachatushtaya, Vivahadikarmanam prayoga, Vivahadikarmanamprayoga, Vivahadikarmanushthanapaddhati, Vivahadiksha, Vivahadikshatilaka, Vivahadikshavidhi, Vivahadipika, Vivahadiprayogatattva, Vivahadviragamanapaddhati, Vivahagni, Vivahagninashtiprayashcitta.
Ends with (+20): Amtarvivaha, Arkavivaha, Arshavivaha, Ashtauvivaha, Ashtavivaha, Ashvatthavivaha, Asuravivaha, Avivaha, Balavivaha, Brahmavivaha, Candrashekharavivaha, Corikavivaha, Daivavivaha, Dharmavivaha, Dharmyavivaha, Durvivaha, Gandharbbavivaha, Gandharvavivaha, Gaurivivaha, Kanyavivaha.
Full-text (+149): Kuvivaha, Strivivaha, Durvivaha, Vaivaha, Vivahacatushtaya, Vaha, Mahavivaha, Dharmyavivaha, Tulasivivaha, Pritivivaha, Vivahaprakarana, Vivahasaukhya, Vivahahoma, Vivahasiddhantarahasya, Brahmavivaha, Vivahakarman, Vivahacaturthika, Vivahapaddhati, Vivahaprayoga, Vivahabhushana.
Search found 26 books and stories containing Vivaha, Vi-vaha, Vi-vāha, Vī-vāha, Vivāha, Vīvāha; (plurals include: Vivahas, vahas, vāhas, Vivāhas, Vīvāhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 3.12 < [Chapter 3 - Karma-yoga (Yoga through the Path of Action)]
Verse 17.10 < [Chapter 17 - Śraddhā-traya-vibhāga-yoga]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Part 3 - The Saṃskāras, Referred to in the Purāṇas < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Part 42 - Different Rituals and the Sun-Worship < [Chapter 2 - Salient Traits of the Solar Divinities in the Veda]